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Forms found at All Poetry

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The Sonnet
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Invented Forms

All Poetry is a poetry community where there are some poetry courses and many blog like forums that include poetry of the members as well as information they might want to share such as new forms they might have run across or even invented themselves. Here are a few forms I found there.

The 13 Line Sonnet is simply writing any sonnet form that ends with a rhymed couplet and condensing L13 and L14 into one iambic pentameter line with internal rhyme, invented by Marcy Jarvis. I can only assume the intent is to include the standard elements of "the sonnet" with the exception of being shortened by one line. The elements of the 13 Line Sonnet are:

  1. a lyrical poem written in 13 lines, made up any combination of stanzaic forms that could result in a total of 12 lines followed by a single line.
  2. metric, iambic pentameter
  3. rhymed, variable rhyme scheme with the last line, L13 internally rhymes with the end word. x x x x d x x x x d
  4. pivot or turn according to the sonnet form chosen

Acrostic Tribute Sonnet is an invented sonnet form by is essentially any sonnet frame but with the added device that the first letter of each line spells out the name of person honored in the poem. The elements of the Acrostic Tribute Sonnet are:?ron>

  1. a quatorzain, with a stanzaic pattern at discretion of the poet.
  2. metric, preferably iambic pentameter.
  3. rhymed, rhyme scheme at the discretion of the poet.
  4. pivot placement at the discretion of the poet.
  5. composed as a tribute to someone.
  6. an acrostic, the name of the one honored is spelled out in the fist letter of each line.

Amanda's Dark Sonnet is an invented sonnet form is also an alliterated acrostic with a dark theme. It was invented by Amanda J Norton.  The elements of Amanda's Dark Sonnet are:

  1. a quatorzain made up of 2 seven lined stanzas.
  2. syllabic, 14 syllable lines.
  3. rhymed, rhyme scheme aabbcca abbccdd
  4. volta optional
  5. the initial letter of each line in S1 alliterates with the initial letter of the corresponding line in S2

Arabian Sonnet appears to be a little known invented form. Other than the defining features of frame and rhyme scheme, it is assumed the components of the classic sonnet apply. The elements of the Arabian Sonnet are:

  1. a quatorzain made up of 2 quatrains followed by 2 tercets.
  2. metric, iambic pentameter.
  3. rhymed, aaaa bbbb ccc ddd.
  4. turned in the 9th line.

    Avebury Air by Jem Farmer

Arabian Onegin Sonnet is a variation of the Arabian Sonnet which simply includes repeat rhyme in a unique pattern. The elements of the Arabian Onegin Sonnet are:

  1. a quatorzain made up of 2 quatrains followed by 2 tercets.
  2. metric, iambic pentameter.
  3. rhymed,AaAa BBbb CcC DDd

Asean Sonnet or Asean Royal Flush Sonnet, is simply an Italian sonnet in mono-rhyme. The variation is somehow associated with South East Asia but further detail is still illusive. The elements of the Asean Sonnet are:

  1. lyrical.
  2. a quatorzain made up of an octave followed by a sestet.
  3. metric, iambic pentameter.
  4. mono-rhymed, aaaaaaaaaaaaaa.
  5. turned on the 9th line.

    The Architect by Jem Farmer

The Bardic Sonnet is an invented sonnet form by William Kenneth Keller that uses the Shakespearean Sonnet and adds a complicated rhyme pattern. The elements of the Bardic Sonnet are:

  1. a quatorzain made up of 3 quatrains followed by a couplet.
  2. metric, iambic pentameter
  3. volta arrives late in the frame, sometime in the 3rd quatrain or even waiting until the declamatory couplet.
  4. rhymed, alternating rhyme, abab cdcd efef gg, but here is where it gets a little tricky. The rhyme is found both internal as well as at the end of the line. The internal or interlaced rhyme (echoed internally with another line.) is true or perfect rhyme (last stressed vowel and last consonant are echoed) but the end rhyme is consonant rhyme (end sounds consonate, ball/ fell) and including framed rhyme (the consonant preceding the vowel consonates with the consonant after the vowel. bit/bat ).  To take it a bit further, the inventor requests that it be strict consonant rhyme as used in ancient Irish forms and designates interlaced rhyme to be echoed in the first 3 metric feet.The couplet contains both the end consonant rhyme and interlaced  rhyme
    Capital = perfect rhyme  lower case=consonant rhyme.  
    .x x x A x x x x x a
     x B x x x x x x x b
     x x x x A x x x x a
     x x x x x B x x x b  

Beginning of Line Rhymed Sonnet or Head Rhymed Sonnet is an invented sonnet form by Linda Varsell Smith is simply a sonnet form but instead of being end rhymed, it is head rhymed. (the first word of the line is echoed with the first word of another line. The elements of the Head Rhymed Sonnet:

  1. a quatorzain made up of 2 quatrains followed by a sestet.
  2. iambic pentameter
  3. head rhymed (the first word of a line is echoed with the first word of another line) aabb ccdd eeffgg
  4. Pivot or volta at discretion of poet.

The Chandler Sonnet is an invented verse form introduced by B Chandler that although it is called a sonnet, has nothing in common with the sonnet form.  The elements of the Chandler Sonnet are:

  1. a poem in 22 lines, written in 3 quatrains, an octave and a couplet in that order.
  2. syllabic, the first 3 quatrains are dodecasyllabic, the quatrain is hendecasyllabic and the couplet is heptasyllabic lines.
  3. rhymed, turned on only 4 rhymes, abab baba abab cdccdcdd ee.

Dual Sonnet is an invented form that basically is 2 sonnet forms, or at least rhyme schemes, in one.  Created by Allen R Murray the end rhyme of one form is found mid line and another sonnet form rhyme at the end of the line.  The elements are:

  1. a quatorzain made up of either octave/sestet or three quatrains and couplet.
  2. metric, iambic pentameter.
  3. rhymed, select two rhyme schemes from recognized sonnet forms.  One rhyme scheme should appear mid line and the other at the end of the line.   xxxxaxxxxA     lower case and uppercase simply indicates different rhyme sounds.
             xxxxbxxxxB
             xxxxaxxxxB
             xxxxbxxxxA

Dueces Sonnet is a restricted invented form turned on only two rhymes.  Created by Mary Lou Healy, the pivot placement is also specifically limited to either L9 and L11 at the rhyme pattern change.  The elements are:

  1. a quatorzain made up of 3 quatrains followed by a couplet.
  2. metric, iambic pentameter
  3. rhymed, turned on only 2 rhymes, abba abba baab aa
  4. pivot at rhyme pattern change, either L9 or L11

Echo Sonnet is an invented double refrain sonnet form created by Jeff Green. The elements of the Echo Sonnet are:

  1. lyrical.
  2. a quatorzain made up 3 quatrains followed by a couplet, similar to the Kyrielle Sonnet.
  3. metric, iambic pentameter.
  4. rhymed with a double refrain. A1bbA2 accA2 addA2 A1A2.
  5. composed without pivot. Because of the double refrain, the poem seems to be revolving, ending where it started.

    The Bridge of Dreams by Jeff Green

Folded Sonnet invented by Barry Hopkins has a cloudy description and I don't see enough to include it as a true sonnet. The elements of the Folded Sonnet are:

  1. a dodecastich, a 12 line poem.  (However the poet has the option of writing any number of lines between 10 and 17 lines. 
  2. metric, iambic heptameter. (7 metric feet) 
  3. rhymed, rhymed couplets or whatever suits the poet. 
  4. pivot L 9

Hyper Sonnet is an invented sonnet form created Marnie Kanarek that turns on one rhyme. The elements of the Hyper Sonnet are:

  1. a quatorzain made up of 4 tercets followed by a couplet.
  2. metric, iambic each stanza has variable line lengths of L1 pentameter, L2 tetrameter, and L3 pentameter. The couplet iambic pentameter. 
  3. rhymed. Rhyme scheme axa axa xaa xaa aa x being unrhymed.
  4. pivot at the discretion of the poet.

Lazy Day Sonnet is an invented form created by Rebecca Kerr. Although it wasn't broken by stanzaic pattern in the description,  I'm making the assumption the quatorzain is made up of 2 sestets because of the placement of the pivot.  The elements of the Lazy Day Sonnet are:

  1. a quatorzain made up of 2 sestets.
  2. metric preferably iambic pentameter.
  3. rhymed, rhyme scheme aabbccd ddeeeff.
  4. pivot after L7.

Marshalline Sonnet  is an invented sonnet that employs feminine end words. It was created by Mairi bheag at All Poetry. The elements of the Marshalline Sonnet are:

  1. a quatorzain made up of 3 quatrains followed by a couplet
  2. syllabic, all lines carry 9 syllables, iamb-iamb-iamb-amphibrach, falling or feminine end words.
  3. composed with the volta at or following L9
  4. rhymed, rhyme scheme: abab cdcd efef gg, 

The Mononet is an invented form with alternate and internal rhyme, introduced by B Chandler.  The elements of the Mononet are:

  1. stanzaic, written in 2 octaves followed by a couplet.
  2. syllabic, all lines are hendecasyllabic except L5 and L15 which are written in 2 hemistiches of 6 syllables each for a total of 12 syllables and L17 is 6 syllables.
  3. rhymed,turned on only 4 rhymes, abab(A-A)bab cdcd(C-C)dcD AD or abba(A-A)bba cdcc(D1-D1)dcD2 AD2. Lower case = rhyme, uppercase = rhymed refrain.
  4. composed with L5 and L15 written with a 6 syllable hemistich which is repeated in the same line creating a refrain with internal rhyme within the line.
  5. composed with the concluding couplet, a refrain, L17 is a repeat of one hemistich from L5 and L18 is the repeat of L16.
    x x x x x x x x x x a           or                  
    x x x x x x x x x x b
    x x x x x x x x x x a
    x x x x x x x x x x b
    x x x x x A x x x x x A
    x x x x x x x x x x b
    x x x x x x x x x x a
    x x x x x x x x x x b

    x x x x x x x x x c
    x x x x x x x x x x d
    x x x x x x x x x x c
    x x x x x x x x x x d
    x x x x x C x x x x x C
    x x x x x x x x x x d
    x x x x x x x x x x c
    x x x x x x x x x x D

    x x x x x A
    x x x x x x x x x x D
    x x x x x x x x x x a
    x x x x x x x x x x b
    x x x x x x x x x x b
    x x x x x x x x x x a
    x x x x x A x x x x x A
    x x x x x x x x x x b
    x x x x x x x x x x b
    x x x x x x x x x x a

    x x x x x x x x x x c
    x x x x x x x x x x d
    x x x x x x x x x x c
    x x x x x x x x x x c
    x x x x x D1x x x x x D1
    x x x x x x x x x x d
    x x x x x x x x x x c
    x x x x x x x x x x D2

    x x x x x A
    x x x x x x x x x x D2

Purely Hopeful is an invented form created by Jennifer L. Hedin and found at All Poetry.com. The elements of the  Purely Hopeful are:

  1. Is a quatorzain, not a sonnet, made up of a quatrain followed by two tercets and ending in a quatrain.
  2. Syllabic, 9-8-7-6, 7-8-9, 9-8-7, 6-7-8-9 syllables per line.
  3. rhymed, abab cdc cdc fgfg.

The Quadrilou is an invented form found at AllPoetry created by Mary Lou Healy appears to be an exercise in meter. The elements of the Quadrilou are:

  1. Stanzaic, written in 2 octaves, made up of 2 quatrains.
  2. Metric, the lines of each quatrain is iambic, measured by

    L1 = tetrameter or approximately 8 syllables.
    L2 = dimeter or approximately 4 syllables.
    L3 = trimeter or approximately 6 syllables.
    L4 = dimeter or approximately 4 syllables.

  3. Rhymed, rhyme does not change from octave to octave, abcdabcd abcdabcd.

The Quaintrell is an invented stanzaic form created by DD Michaels at All Poetry. It was noted that a quaintrelle is a feminine version of the “dandy”. A woman overly concerned with her appearance, expressing her passion for leisure and “life’s pleasures" through her dress and deportment. This seems to be a variation on the Curtal Stanza from the 19th century wherein the quatrains are written in iambic pentameter except the 4th line which is iambic dimeter with a different rhyme scheme. The elements of the Quaintrell are:

  1. Stanzaic, written in 3 or more octaves made up 2 quatrains each.
  2. Metric, accentual syllabic, all lines are iambic tetrameter except L4 and L8 of each octave which are iambic trimeter. Syllable count 8 8 8 6 8 8 8 6 in each stanza.
  3. Rhymed, L3 and L7 carry internal rhyme, rhyme scheme a a (b-b) c d d (e-e) c  //  f f (g-g) h I I (j-j) h / .  . etc.
    or    a a b c d d e c //  f f g h I i j h   with the b, e, g & j lines internally rhymed.  L3 xxxbxxxb  L7 xxexxxxe

The Curtailed Quaintrelle created by Marcy Jarvis and further developed by DD Michaels is an invented sonnet form. Curtailed apparently refers to the shortened line at the end of each quatrain. The elements of the Curtailed Quaintrelle Sonnet are:

  1. lyrical
  2. a quatorzain made up of 3 quatrains followed a couplet.
  3. metric, L1-L3 are iambic tetrameter and L4 is iambic trimeter in each quatrain. The couplet is iambic pentameter. .
  4. syllabic, L1-L3 of each quatrain are 8 syllables and L4 of each quatrain is 6 syllables; the couplet is made up of 8 syllable lines.
  5. rhymed, rhyme scheme aabc ddec ffgc hh. There is internal rhyme in L3 of each quatrain. Therefore the b, e & g rhyme is repeated within the line. L3 xxxbxxxb (And apparently you have the option of leaving the 4th line of the 3rd stanza unrhymed.)
  6. pivot optional.  

RenRhyme is a recent invented form created by Renee Mathews Jackson that employs the lines of the first stanza as a refrain in the following stanzas. This was found at All Poetry. The elements of the RenRhyme are:

  1. Isosyllabic. All lines are the same number of syllables. The poem can either be written with all 8 line syllables or all 10 line syllables.
  2. A verse form, a poem in 12 lines made up of 3 quatrains.
  3. Written with the lines of the first quatrain repeated as a refrain in the following stanzas.

    L1 repeated as L2 in the 2nd stanza.

    L2 repeated as L2 in the 3rd stanza.

    L3 repeated as L4 in the 2nd stanza.

    L4 repeated as L4 in the 3rd stanza.

  4. Rhymed. Rhyme scheme A1B1A2B2 - c A1c A2 - d B1 d B2.

The Rondel Grand is an invented stanzaic form with a refrain and appears to have nothing in common with the French Rondel. “Rondel“ from French meaning “small circle”. The invented form was created by Victoria Sutton at All Poetry. The elements of the Rondel Grand are:

  1. Stanzaic, written in 3 quintains or more.
  2. Syllabic, L1 – L4 are 8 syllables each and L5 is 6 syllables.
  3. Rhymed, rhyme scheme ababR cdcdR efefR etc.
  4. Written with a refrain. L5 of each stanza is a refrain repeated from stanza to stanza.

The Royal Spiral is an invented verse form that employs a skewed version of the rentrament of the Rondeau in the 2nd and 3rd stanzas. This was found at All Poetry created by Mary Sullivan Boren. The elements of the Royal Spiral are:

  1. 20 line poem made up of 4 quintains.
  2. Metric, L1-L4 is iambic pentameter and L5 is iambic dimeter.
  3. Rhymed, rhyme scheme aabbc / ccdde / eeffg / gghhc.
  4. Composed with a rentrament in which the first 2 metric feet of S1-L1 is repeated as S2- L5 and S1-L5 is repeated in the first 2 metric feet of S3-L1.
    S1

    r r r e x x x x x x a
    x x x x x x x x x a                                                     
    x x x x x x x x x x b
    x x x x x x x x x x b
    r r r c

    S2

    x x x x x x x x x c
    x x x x x x x x x c
    x x x x x x x x x d
    x x x x x x x x x d
    r r r e

    S3

    r r r c x x x x x e
    x x x x x x x x x e
    x x x x x x x x x f
    x x x x x x x x x f
    x x x g

    S4

    x x x x x x x x x g
    x x x x x x x x x g
    x x x x x x x x x h
    x x x x x x x x x h
    x x x c

Schwim's Sonnet is an invented sonnet form in only 13 lines. Created by W.W. Schwim stating "the closing line is tertious (third) paeonic catalectic" Huh? Sorry that doesn't make sense to me in connection with the line in the example poems The elements of the Schwim Sonnet are:

  1. 3 quatrains followed by a single stich.
  2. metric, the quatrains are iambic pentameter, the closing single line is anapest-iamb-iamb-anapest, dadaDUM / daDUM / daDUM / dada DUM.
  3. rhymed, (a/a)b(c/c)d (e/e)b(f/f)d (g/g)b(h/h)d d with the odd numbered lines of the quatrains carrying internal rhyme at the 2nd metric foot with the end word.
  4. pivot at the last line.

The Serenity Refrain is a little like the Quatern with a tumbling refrain. This invented verse form was created by Billie Jean Murchinson, found at All Poetry. The elements of the Serenity Refrain are:

  1. A poem in 30 lines made up 6 quintains.
  2. Syllabic, 7 syllables per line.
  3. Rhymed, scheme Rhyme Scheme: A1A2B1B2A3 / aA1cca / ddA1ad / eeaA1e / aaffA1 / A1A2B1B2A3.
  4. Written with a tumbling refrain L1-S1tumbling down to L2-S2, L3-S3, L4-S4, and L5-S5. The final stanza, S6 is simply a repetition of S1

The Signature Sonnet is another invented sonnet pretender in 3 quintains also introduced by B Chandler. The elements of the Signature Sonnet are:

  1. stanzaic, written in 3 quintains.
  2. metric, written in iambic tetrameter.
  3. rhymed, turned on only 2 rhymes aabba bbaab ababa

    Looking for Friends by Lawrence Eberhart @ Every Sonnet

    I saw on Craig's old list a note:
    and this is not a direct quote.
    "I need a friend for night-time fun,
    it could be that you are the one."
    I guessed what those words might connote.

    he said she liked the summer sun,
    where sometimes clothes would come undone;
    she said she had a little boat
    and lake with privacy, to float.
    I thought I'd go- not walk, but run.

    I'm figured that I should devote
    some time before the deal was done,
    to check the things of which she wrote
    She weighed a quarter metric ton
    and smelled like someone's Billy goat.
                                           November 11, 2013

The Shanzi is an invented verse form created by Andreas Gripp of London Ontario and found on Lawrencealot’s blog. The form is a kind of expanded haiku. The elements of the Shanzi are:

  1. A verse form written in 7 lines, 2 uneven couplets followed by a tercet,
  2. Syllabic, 4-5 / 5-4 / 4-4-5 syllables per line.
  3. Unrhymed.
  4. Title at the discretion of poet
  5. Constructed with:
    L1-L2 Introduce the subject
    L3-L4 “amplifies” the image or subject.
    L5-L7 provide a parallel image to inspire meditation.

Slide Sonnet is an invented sonnet form created by Victoria Sutton that brings a unique repetition to the form. The elements of the Slide Sonnet are:

  1. a quatorzain made up of 3 quatrains followed by a couplet.
  2. syllabic, 8 syllables per line.
  3. rhymed, rhyme scheme aabb ccdd eeff gg, or abab cdcd efef gg or abba cddc effe gg.
  4. composed with sliding refrain. The first half of L1 slides to be repeated as the last half of L3 in each quatrain,
  5. pivot placement at the discretion of the poet.

Tet Zayin Sonnet in Hebrew is the number 16. The recently invented form by the same name, introduced by Amera M Anderson stays true to the number and is a syllabic poem in 16 lines but brings into question whether or not it should be called a sonnet which would normally be written in 14 lines. The elements of the Tet Zayin are:

  1. a poem in 16 lines made up of 4 quatrains.
  2. syllabic, envelope or alternating stanzas of 11 and 9 syllables..
  3. rhymed, Aabb bbcc ccdd ddaA.
  4. begins and ends with the same line. (Obviously in the alternating syllable count version the L1 of the poem will need to be shortened by 3 syllables when it is reapeated as L16.)
    x x x x x x x x x x A                                                     
    x x x x x x x x x x a
    x x x x x x x x x x b
    x x x x x x x x x x b

    x x x x x x x x b
    x x x x x x x x b
    x x x x x x x x c
    x x x x x x x x c

    x x x x x x x x c
    x x x x x x x x c
    x x x x x x x x d
    x x x x x x x x d

    x x x x x x x x x x d
    x x x x x x x x x x d
    x x x x x x x x x x a
    x x x x x x x x x x A
    x x x x x x x x x x A
    x x x x x x x x x x a
    x x x x x x x x x x b
    x x x x x x x x x x b

    x x x x x x x x b
    x x x x x x x x b
    x x x x x x x x c
    x x x x x x x x c

    x x x x x x x x x x c
    x x x x x x x x x x c
    x x x x x x x x x x d
    x x x x x x x x x x d

    x x x x x x x x d
    x x x x x x x x d
    x x x x x x x x a
    x x x x x x x x A

The Tirrell Sonnet was invented by R.L. Leonard, aka Tirrell The elements of the Tirrell Sonnet are:

  1. a quatorzain made up of two couplets enveloping two tercets enveloping a quatrain. Or  a couplet, a tercet, a quatrain, a tercet, and a couplet, in that order.
  2. meter and pivot are at the poet’s discretion.
  3. rhymed, rhyme scheme: A1A2 bcb cddc bcb A2A1
  4. Composed with L1 and L2 reversed and repeated as a refrain at the end of the poem. 

Tirrell Quatern Sonnet is an invented sonnet form borrowing the Quatern's rolling refrtain and 8 syllable lines. I'm unsure who the inventor is, R.L. Leonard, aka Tirrell or an Australian poet Bruce Henderson or a combination of both.  The elements of the Tirrell Quatern Sonnet are:

  1. a quatorzain made up of 3 quatrains followed by a couplet
  2. syllabic, to be true to the French Quatern, 8 syllables lines is appropriate. 
  3. unrhymed, but allowed at the discretion of the poet.
  4. composed with L1 a refrain, repeated in L6, L11, L14 
  5. pivot at the discretion of the poet.

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