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Tinker

#21 Gwawdodyn hir

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Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry
Welsh Verse
Features of the Welsh Meters
Welsh Codified Divisions

Gwawdodyn hir, gwow-dód-in heer (gwawd means poem - hir means long), the 21st codified Welsh Meters, an Awdl, is simply an elongation of the Gwawdodyn.   A toddaid or cyhydedd hir couplet preceded by 2 or more cyhydedd naw ban couplets is called long or hir.

The elements of the Gwawdodyn hir are:

  1. stanzaic, the length of which is established by the number of Cyhydedd Naw Ban couplets (more than one) followed by either a Toddaid couplet or a Cyhydedd Hir couplet.
  2. syllabic, L1,L2,L4 are 9 syllable lines and L3 is a 10 syllable line.
  3. when written with a cyhydedd hir couplet the stanza is
    • rhymed aaba, with L3 internal rhyme and L4 cross rhymed b.
  4. when written with a Toddaid
    • mono-rhymed.
    • composed with an addendum, a gair cyrch following the main rhyme and caesura of L3. The gair cyrch end rhyme is echoed in the first half of L4 to consonate as secondary rhyme, assonance or consonance.
    with Cyhydedd Hir                                
      x x x x x x x x a
      x x x x x x x x a
     x x x x x x x x a
     x x x x x x x x a
     x x x x b x x x x b
     x x x x b x x x a

     x x x x x x x x c
     x x x x x x x x c
     x x x x x x x x c
     x x x x x x x x c
     x x x x d x x x x d
     x x x x d x x x a
with Toddaid
x x x x x x x x a
x x x x x x x x a
x x x x x x x x a
x x x x x x x x a
x x x x x x x b - x c                               
x x x x c x x x b

x x x x x x x x d
x x x x x x x x d
x x x x x x x x d
x x x x x x x e - x f
x x x x f x x x e
with toddaid

Gwann iawn wyf o glwyf er gloyn vorwyn
Gwae a vaeth hiraeth brif arvaeth wrwyn
Gwyr vghalonn donn defnyd vyghwyn
Gwnn ar vyrr y tyrr kyn bo erwyn
Am na ddawy law y lwyn - a bwyllaf
A garaf attaf atteb addwyn.
Einion 15th Century

African Spectacle by Judi Van Gorder                                                    

White-capped river, crowded forest scene,
the lion's roar tumbles the ravine
and cascades over boulders unseen.
The Zambezi plunges to careen
down infamous falls, wide wilderness sprawls,
Victoria calls from Zimbabwe.
(with cyhydedd hir ending)
African Spectacle by Judi Van Gorder

White-capped river, crowded forest scene,
the lion's roar tumbles the ravine
and cascades over boulders unseen.
The Zambezi plunges to careen
down famous, pristine falls. Zimbabwe sprawls
a rainbow enthralls on landscape's screen.
{with toddaid ending)

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