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Tinker

#21 Gwawdodyn hir

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Gwawdodyn hir, gwow-dód-in heer (gwawd means poem - hir means long), the 21st codified Welsh Meters, an Awdl, is simply an elongation of the Gwawdodyn. A toddaid or cyhydedd hir couplet preceded by 2 or more cyhydedd naw ban couplets is called long or hir.

 

The Gwawdodyn hir is:

  • stanzaic, the length of which is established by the number of Cyhydedd Naw Ban couplets (more than one) followed by either a Toddaid couplet or a Cyhydedd Hir couplet.
  • syllabic, L1,L2,L4 are 9 syllable lines and L3 is a 10 syllable line.
  • when written with a cyhydedd hir couplet the stanza is
    • rhymed aaba, with L3 internal rhyme and L4 cross rhymed b.
  • when written with a Toddaid
    • mono-rhymed.
    • composed with an addendum, a gair cyrch following the main rhyme and caesura of L3. The gair cyrch end rhyme is echoed in the first half of L4 to consonate as secondary rhyme, assonance or consonance.
    withCyhydedd Hir

    x x x x x x x x a

    x x x x x x x x a

    x x x x x x x x a

    x x x x x x x x a

    x x x x b x x x x b

    x x x x b x x x a

     

    x x x x x x x x c

    x x x x x x x x c

    x x x x x x x x c

    x x x x x x x x c

    x x x x d x x x x d

    x x x x d x x x a

    with Toddaid

    x x x x x x x x a

    x x x x x x x x a

    x x x x x x x x a

    x x x x x x x x a

    x x x x x x x b - x c

    x x x x c x x x b

     

    x x x x x x x x d

    x x x x x x x x d

    x x x x x x x x d

    x x x x x x x e - x f

    x x x x f x x x e

    with toddaid

    Gwann iawn wyf o glwyf er gloyn vorwyn

    Gwae a vaeth hiraeth brif arvaeth wrwyn

    Gwyr vghalonn donn defnyd vyghwyn

    Gwnn ar vyrr y tyrr kyn bo erwyn

    Am na ddawy law y lwyn—a bwyllaf

    A garaf attaf atteb addwyn.

    Einion 15th Century

    African Spectacle by Judi Van Gorder

     

    White-capped river, crowded forest scene,

    the lion's roar tumbles the ravine

    and cascades over boulders unseen.

    The Zambezi plunges to careen

    down infamous falls, wide wilderness sprawls,

    Victoria calls from Zimbabwe.

    (with cyhydedd hir ending)

    African Spectacle by Judi Van Gorder

     

    White-capped river, crowded forest scene,

    the lion's roar tumbles the ravine

    and cascades over boulders unseen.

    The Zambezi plunges to careen

    down famous, pristine falls. Zimbabwe sprawls

    a rainbow enthralls on landscape's screen.

    {with toddaid ending)

Victoria Fallszambezi-1.jpg

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