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#19. Toddaid

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Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry

Toddaid, todd-eyed is the 19th codified Welsh meter, an Awdl, and an uneven couplet often written in combination with other meters especially the 9 syllable couplet, cyhydedd hir.


The Toddaid is:

  • stanzac, written in any number of couplets.
  • syllabic, L1 is a 10 syllable line and L2 is a 9 syllable line.
  • rhymed, the main rhyme aa - cc - dd etc.
  • composed with gair cyrch following the main rhyme and caesura of L1. The gair cyrch end rhyme is echoed in the first half of L2 in secondary rhyme, assonance or consonance.
  • sometimes written in a shortened version of 16 syllables, L1 is 10 syllables and L2 is only 6 syllables which is called a toddaid byr.
toddaid couplets


x x x x x x x A - x b

x x x x b x x x A

x x x x x x x C - x d

x x x d x x x x c

a toddaid byr

x x x x x x x A x b

x x x b x A

Nit digeryd Duw, neut digarat—kyrd

Neut lliw gwyrd y vyrd o veird yn rat;

Neut lliaws vrwyn kwyn knawlat--- yghystud

O'th attall Ruffudd gwaywrud rodyat.

Einion 15th century

Shere Kahn by Judi Van Gorder


The young calico keeping cool – eases

slow as she pleases upon the stool .

Her Bengal bones live nine lives – daring dogs,

chasing frogs, tiger dreams, kitten thrives.

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