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  1. Tinker


    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms The Pleiades is an invented form that can be found all over the internet including Shadow Poetry. It is named for the star cluster, Pleiades of which 6 of the stars are visible to the naked eye and others visible under the right conditions. The constellation was identified by Homer, 750 B.C. and named by the ancients as the seven sisters. The poetic form uses the numbers of the cluster and legend. It was introduced by Craig Tigerman, Sol Magazine lead editor and enhanced by haiku and tanka poet Hortensia Anderson. The elements of the Pleiades are: a heptastich, a poem in 7 lines. syllabic, each line is 6 syllables. titled with a single word. composed with each line beginning with the same letter as the beginning letter of the title. Unprepared Uneducated, but utter ignorance is unacceptable, don't underestimate an ulcer corroding the upper tier of office, utmost caution applies. ~~Judi Van Gorder
  2. Tinker


    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms The Rictameter is a popular invented verse form that has popped up on the internet in the last decade. No one seems to take credit as the source. The elements of the Rictameter are: a 9 line poem. syllabic verse with graduated then diminishing number of syllables 2-4-6-8-10-8-6-4-2. rhymed or unrhymed, if rhymed the scheme is at the discretion of the poet. suitable for light verse or a more serious tone. Listening by Judi Van Gorder 2-1-03 Silence, a hushed haven surrounds me with its song. An anthem of stillness, clean, clear, opening me to thoughtful reflection. Serene sounds of near nothingness rouse creativity, poetic tones emerge. Memo to Hotshot Judi Van Gorder 10/18/02 crackpot, what twisted thought brings you to stalk and slay without a care or least concern for the innocents you select to burn? to hide in search of unarmed prey will surely end some day and you in turn, forgot. in response to news reports of the New Jersey Sniper
  3. Tinker


    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms The SciFaiku is what the name implies, science fiction haiku an invented verse form introduced by Tom Brinck in 1995. Scifaiku combines science fiction themes with the some of the elements of the haiku. The elements of the Scifaiku are: minimal, in the moment with human insight. written with a haiku frame, normally, 17 syllables or less. The poem can be written in the classic 3 lines of 5-7-5 or a variation of line and syllable count. (because of the nature of the subject some techinical words could exceed the standard syllable count per line therefore, as long as minimal amount of words and syllables are used to get the point across, there could be more or less than 17 syllables in the poem. composed with a single concept or image. written with "uncluttered and direct words". written in the moment. finding the Ah-ha, light bulb realization through the understanding of the possibilities of science. poets dance with words cyber ballroom fills with song line dancing in space -judi van gorder
  4. Tinker


    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented-verse-forms The Sparrowet is an invented stanzaic form created by Kathrine Sparrow that she calls a variation of the Swap Quatrain. The defining feature is the inversion of the 2 hemistich of L1 in L6 of each stanza. The elements of the Sparrowet are: stanzaic, written in any number of sixains. syllabic, lines of 8 syllables each.(Often written in iambic tetrameter.) L1 and L6 of each stanza is written in 2 hemistiches. rhymed, rhyme scheme BbabaA. The 2 halves of L1 are inverted and repeated as a refrain in L6. RRRA, RRRB xxxxxxxb xxxxxxxa xxxxxxxb xxxxxxxa RRRB, RRRA
  5. Tinker


    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms The Terzanelle is a verse form which is a cross between a Terza Rima and a Villanelle. Both the Italian and the French have been given credit for this form probably because of the original forms. However, it appears to have been the creation of “Foms Guru”, Lewis Turco. It merges the interlocking tercets with the tumbling repeated lines. The elements of the Terzanelle are: a poem in 19 lines made up of 5 tercets and ends with a quatrain. metered, most commonly iambic pentameter however if you stray, lines should be of equal length. rhymed A1BA2 bCB cDC dED eFE fA1FA2. Caps are repeated lines. L1 is repeated in L17, L2 is repeated in L6, L3 repeated L19, L5 repeated in L9, L8 repeated in L12, L11 repeated in L18.
  6. Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms Three Poems In One I have found that there are a few invented forms that attempt to create 3 poems in 1 poem. Each has its own unique approach. The feature these forms have in common is the reader must be in on the pattern or they probably won't get it. Cleave Poetry is a poetic genre in which 3 separate poems are intertwined into one woven poem. "The word cleave is a contranym, a word with 2 opposite meanings: verb 1) split or sever along a natural grain or line. 2) divide; split. verb 1) stick fast to. 2) become strongly involved with or emotionally attached to. " Old English Compact Oxford English Dictionary There seems to be a movement to promote the verse form at Wordpress. The 3 poems are written with meter, rhyme and number of lines at the poet's discretion. The one requirement is to create side by side poems that can be merged into one poem. One of the best examples of this form that I have found is Miracle on the Hudson by Dave Schneider at Writing.com. Here is my poor attempt. cleave, an oxymoron one can split, one can cling divide in half, make a merge the axe sharp, the body soft fuel for war, hug of peace one is two , two are whole ~~Judi Van Gorder Faceted Diamond is a verse form that is probably as complicated to read as to write. It is an invented form found at Poetry Base and was invented by American poet Cory S Sylvester. Like the Cleave and the Trigee there are 3 poems in 1 but unlike the others, the reader may need clues to understand how to read the 3. The elements of the Faceted Diamond are: 3 poems in 15 lines. syllabic, 1-2-3-4-5-6--7-8-7-6-5-4-3-2-1. The even # lines break half way. (Poetry Base suggests the poem could be longer as long as it is an odd number of lines, but I am not going there. You can check with PB if you are curious.) unrhymed. centered on the page. x x -- x x x x x x -- x x x x x x x x x x -- x x x x x x x x x x x x x x -- x x x x x x x x x x x x x x -- x x x x x x x x x x -- x x x x x x -- x x The poem can be read in whole and... A second poem can be read by reading the odd numbered lines and the first half of the even numbered lines and .... A third poem can be read by reading the odd numbered lines and the second half of the even numbered lines. All 3 poems should make sense. Trigee poems can be found on the internet but the description of the genre came from a forum member who encountered it on another poetry forum. It appears to be the same as the Cleave, a nonce verse in which side by side poems merge into one poem. Alliterative Acrostic Trigee takes the concept of 3 poems in 1 to another level. It was presented as a challenge on a poetry forum. A three in one poem (Trigee), alliterated and the first letter of each line spells a word. Number of lines, meter and rhyme at the discretion of the poet. Titan Tall tasks talk to me . . . . . . . ten times over I try in tantamount with the tax . . to temper tradition tame and trip thought. . . . . . .tell a timeless tale and tender a tome . . . . . . .. . .testament of truth not terse nor tentative . . .to be tenable to a tempest ~~Judi Van Gorder
  7. Tinker


    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms The Villonnet is another hybrid form created by D. Allen Jenkins and found at Shadow Poetry . This is a recent invented form which is designed to be a cross between a Villanelle and Sonnet. The elements of the Villonnet are: a poem in 15 lines, made up of 3 quatrains followed by a tercet. metric, iambic pentameter. rhymed, either keeping the 2 rhymes of the Villanelle or eliminating the second rhyme of the Villanelle and rhyming only the anterior lines of the stanzas. A¹bbA² abbA¹ abbA² A¹bA² or A¹xxA² axxA¹ axxA² A¹xA² x being unrhymed or you could go off the reservation and A¹bbA² accA¹ addA² A¹bA² L1 is repeated as L8 andL13 and L4 is repeated as L12 and L15.
  8. Tinker

    "Borrowed Words"

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms Borrowed Words - Throughout the ages, poets have used what surrounds them to create art. The following are some invented forms that fall under the genre that I call "borrowed" poetry. When borrowing other's work, be sure to credit the original Cento Verse Latin for patchwork, Verse made up of a medley of lines from the work or works of some well known poet. Verse in this genre dates back to ancient Rome. Natures Notes, A Patchwork of Emily Dickinson's World by Judi Van Gorder XXII L2 He did not know I saw XXIV L1 A Narrow fellow in the grass XXV L13 I feel as if the grass were pleased XXVI L3 A green chill upon the heat XXXVII L1 The wind begun to rock the grass XXVII L5 The leaves unhooked themselves from trees XXXIX L7 Write me how many notes there be. We Hold These Truths by Judi Van Gorder Cento by Jan Haag Chance Poetry is verse using "chance methods" like opening a dictionary or any book, close your eyes and put your finger on the page, using the words selected at random for the basis of the poem or drawing words at random from prewritten cards then using those words in the order drawn for the poem's vocabulary. American poets Jackson MacLow and John Cage have been forerunners in this avant garde poetic genre. Any chance method to select the words will do. The Assasination by Donald Justice (1925-2004) (Justice wrote words on cards and drew them randomly to compose this poem.) It begins again, the nocturnal pulse. It courses through the cables laid for it. It mounts to the chandeliers and beats there, hotly. We are too close. Too late, we would move back. We are involved with the surge. Now it bursts. Now it has been announced. Now it is being soaked up by newspapers. Now it is running through the streets. The crowd has it. The woman selling carnations And the man in the straw hat stand with it in their shoes. Here is the red marquee it sheltered under. Here is the ballroom, here The sadly various orchestra led By a single gesture. My arms open. It enters. Look, we are dancing. Dada is a movement beyond verse, it included all artistic endeavors. Initiated in Zurich in 1916 by 2 Romanians, it grew throughout Europe and finally across the ocean to the US. It is rebellion against the established norm. As a verse form, dada is basically taking random words and in the sequence of receipt relating those words as your poem. In my opinion it is much like a "found poem" but with a bit less thought and craft. Basically the instruction in the NPEOPP for writing dada verse is: Take a newspaper article and cut it up and put it in a bag. Then draw the words blindly one by one from the bag. Arrange those words in the sequence they are drawn onto a page to create your poem. "copy conscientiously / the poem will resemble you." It seems to be a collage of words and phrases outside the control of the poet. Erasure Verse is a poem made up of the leftovers after words from a written piece, prose or verse, have been erased. The following is an Erasure poem, made from words leftover from taking an erasure to the description below on the Found Poem. erasure by Judi Van Gorder gathering the environment a snatch Printed collage arrangement to create different things anything poet's larger words. The Flarf is a genre of verse that I am still trying to wrap my brain around. It is an internet dependant form that combines unusual phrases from google searches. Flarfs have been published in Magazines and Anthologies and seem to me to be pretty much nonsense poems but they are an increasingly popular if not contraversial form. My understanding is that the poet snatches phrases from incongruous word searches on google. It has even extended beyond google to searches on twitter, Facebook and other internet driven entities. Try searching for engine and clown together and see what google comes up with. Then snatch phrases from the various sites. This borrowed word form is the brain child of Gary Sullivan who said "I found the word flarf online on a police blotter where some stoner had described marijuana as flarfy," and subsequently came up with the concept to join incongruous words in a google search and then snatch phrases from the results and called it Flarfing. The poem is meant to be edgy, un PC, expose the aweful and in general be unsettling. A Found Poem is the gathering and assembling of grouped words "found" in the environment and incorporating the "found" phrases and words into a larger poetic piece. It is a "snatch of poetry" NPOPP. Printed images or phrases assembled in a literary collage. The lineal arrangement rearranges the phrases to create an entirely different piece. It presents things found in the poet's surroundings such as a news article, a poem, letters, dialogue or anything. The poetry is much larger than the "found lines" that intersperse the poet's words. It was recognized in the 20th century and one of the more prominent series of Found poems is Ezra Pound's Cantos which includes "real" letters between Jefferson and Adams, Papal documents, poems by Cavalcanti, government and bank documents. The form is strophic without prescribed structure. The following is a found poem using snippets of a posted conversation of members of a poetic community. found poetry by Rex Allen Brewer trying history the Dolores River northwest into the valley Lost Canyon road further if you take the highway curious to know who named the river before the padres Escalanté and Dominguez The River of Sorrows a small river one you can get to know Golden Shovel was introduced by award winning American poet, Terrance Hayes. The form is named for the first poem he wrote using the technique which changes a line of an existing poem to the end words of a new poem. Simply choose a line of poetry from any poem previously written. Use each word of that line in sequence as the end word of the new poem. If you choose a five word line, your poem will be 5 lines long. It’s Cold Out There The frigid winter nights, comforting to some conjure dreams of home and other things. I watch as weather changes, varied are impediments to travel, rain, snow, and never warm even when the sky is clear. ~~ Judi Van Gorder “Some things are never clear.” L1 Voice Ways by Robert Frost Spoem or Spoemetry is verse made from the subject lines of spam e-mail messages. The originator is speculative, since many writers and bloggers have claimed to be responsible. The form seems to have first shown up in 1999 and has been the theme of poetry contests, blogs and journals. A book entitled 'Spam: E-mail Inspired Poems' by Ben Myers was published in 2008 by Blackheath Books Myers claims to have been writing spam poems since 1999. The key is to find the unexpected. The structure can be at the poet's discretion. Slightly different in nature but still borrowing ideas and structure from another verse are: Afflatus Projacking
  9. Tinker

    Visual Verse or Shape Verse

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms Spring Blossoms A sign of spring beginnings, delicate white with powder pink veins, petals join at the center with spider legs, the gentle tangy sweet aroma of apples complete the vision that floats like sea foam upon limbs seemingly barren only a month ago. Trees neatly lined side by side bloom in unison. --Judi Van Gorder Visual or Shape Verse All written verse is visual, the line length, stanzaic selection, capitalization etc. visually all influence the reader. But the genre of Visual or Shape Verse is a deliberate attempt by the poet to communicate to the reader through the image presented by the placement of the words on the page as well as through the meaning of the words. Visual poetry has been around almost as far back as writing itself. There have been various approaches to this genre. The following are a few of the more notable: Altar Verse is the Welsh version of Pattern Poetry; it is a visual poem in which the shape outlined by the words on the page conveys the message of the content. The outline should be recognizable to the reader. It is important that the object outlined is central to the content. The frame, meter and rhyme are at the discretion of the poet. Altar Verse is named for the Welsh poet George Herbert's (1593-1633) Altar in which the opening poem forms the shape of a church altar. It also takes the shape of the capital letter I, as in the first person singular. Although this is a visual verse, it can be read aloud and the content understood without the visual. Altar by George Herbert A broken A L T A R, Lord, thy servant rears, Made of a heart, and cemented with tears, Whose parts are as thy hand did frame; No workman's tool hath touched the same. A H E A R T alone Is such a stone, As nothing but Thy pow'r doth cut. Wherefore each part Of my hard heart Meets in this frame, To praise thy name. That if I chance to hold my peace, These stones to praise thee may not cease. O let thy blessed S A C R I F I C E be mine And sanctify this A L T A R to be thine. The Beacon of Hope is an invented verse form created by Christina Jussaume and found at Poetry Styles that is meant take the visual shape of a lighthouse. The subject should be uplifting, spiritual in nature. The elements of the Beacon of Hope are: a poem in 21 lines made up of a sestet, a tercet followed by 3 quatrains in that order and all without stanza break. syllabic, L1-L6 are 6 syllables each, L7-L9 are 12 syllables each and L13 - L21 are 8 syllables each. centered on the page. rhymed at the poet's discretion. Butterflies are shape poems. I am embarrassed to admit I found a few links to different Butterfly verse forms but when I went back to look more closely I keep getting an error. So although there is a Butterfly Septet and a Butterfly Kimo somewhere out there, right now I can't give you any details. I was able to find a different site for the Butterfly Cinquain however. Here it is: Butterfly Cinquain isn't a cinquain at all:it is a nonostich (9 lines)and uses the syllable count of the Crapsey Cinquain and then reverses it, therefore the misnomer. The elements of the Butterfly Cinquain are: 9 line poem. syllabic, 2-4-6-8-2-8-6-4-2 syllables per line. unrhymed. fate by Geoffrey Le Voguer fate's a bloke you nod at in the pub who's too old to change yet still too young to die and seems to have the knack of weaving words into sack-cloth shirts that could scratch a soul to death The elements of the Oddquain Butterfly found at Shadow Poetry are: merges the 2 stanzas of the Mirror Cinquain by deleting the 1st line of the second stanza. syllabic, 1-3-5-7-1-7-5-3-1. A Calligramme is a visual verse that almost draws a picture with the words placed on the page. It is named for Swiss poet, Guillaume Apollinaire's Calligrames (1918). The Calligrame can also be referred to as an The Ideogramme. It is visual verse that "relies heavily on typographical elements, design, and layout." Kaleidoscope The arrangement of typed words act a visual statement of the content. It is a kind of middle ground between the ancient Pattern Poems and the modern Concrete poem. It is figurative, creating recognizable symbols such as the heart, a fountain, the Eiffel Tower etc. This is in contrast with Concrete poetry which can be more abstract. You can see some of Apollinaire's Calligrames here. Circlet is a shape poem outlining a circle. It was created by Bena Parks and was found in Pathways for the Poet by Viola Berg 1977. The elements of the Circlet are: a decastich, a 10 line poem made up of 2 cinquains. syllabic, 2-4-6-8-10 10-8-6-4-2 syllables per line. rhymed, rhyme scheme Abcde edcbA. composed with L1 repeated as L10. Concrete Poetry from the 1950s and 1960 is Visual Verse that attempts to make each shape an original image of the poem's theme. The shapes are often abstract and should be unique to the particular piece. It was prominent in Swiss and Brazilian poetry, and a host of European poets joined the movement and eventually found its way to the US where poets such as Rosenthal, John Hollander and May Swenson brought it to a more mainstream form. Every source I researched makes note that the poem does not necessarily retain its meaning when read aloud. The physical shape provides what the words lack and allows the poet to ignore standard syntax and sequencing. Remove the shape and you could destroy the poem. It is more an immediate experience of art like seeing a painting than the seemingly slower experience of art as a reader of literature. This is in contrast with other Visual verses such as Pattern Verse. Christ-in-a-Rhyme is an invented verse form created and copyrighted by Christina Jussaume in her book My Walk with Jesus, 2006 which I found at Shadow Poetry. It is a shape poem that forms a cross when the poem is centered on the page. The verse was created in honor of Jussaume's mother and should carry a spiritual theme. The elements of the Christ-in-a-Rhyme are: stanzaic, written in 5 triplets. syllabic, stanzas written in 8-14-7-5-5 syllables. rhymed, triplets are monorhymed, aaa bbb ccc ddd eee. Spaced by using &****& after each triplet if needed. Cyclus is shape poem found in Pathways for a Poet, it attempts to create a cycling pattern by syllable count. It is attributed to Marvin Davis Winsett. The elements of the Cyclus are: a 12 line poem. syllabic, syllables per line 2-4-6-6-4-2-2-4-6-6-4-2 unrhymed. Figure Poem is a poem shaped like the image it describes. Hourglass Verse is a shape poem which when centered on the page, the lines should form an hourglass. A popular exercise with American teachers in the 60's. The elements of the Hourglass are: a heptastich, a 7 line poem. syllabic, 4-3-2-1-2-3-4 unrhymed. centered on the page The Joybell is one more shape verse from Pathways for a Poet. The lines should create the shape of a bell when centered on the page. The elementsof the Joybell are: a hexastich, a poem in 6 lines syllabic, 1-2-2-2-4-4 unrhymed, centered on the page joy by Judi Van Gorder Kinetic Type Verse creates a video with sight and sound for the written word. Unfortunately I am not computer savy enough to give you step by step instructions on how to create it, but I can provide you with an example and hopefully once given the concept, you may have the knowledge to execute. Good Luck. The Lanterne is a shape poem, centered on the page to resemble the shape of a Japanese lantern. It originated as a nature poem, also called "shaped whimsy", created by 20th century American Lloyd F. Merrell and described in Pathways for a Poet. The foundation of the shape is similar to the Crapsey Cinquain but with fewer syllables per line. The verse form can be found on line at Instant Poems for Kids. It can also be found, spelled Lanturne, at Shadow Poetry. This can also be written in a chain. As with most chained verse since the Ancient Greek Echo Verse, the first word of the last line of the previous stanza becomes the first word of the next stanza. The elements of the Lanterne are: a pentastich, a poem in 5 lines. syllabic, 1-2-3-4-1 syllables per line. is composed with no punctuation and no rhyme, each end-word should be strong. centered on the page. Since this is a concrete or shape poem, the length of the word on the page factors into the equation, syllable count is not enough to determine the selection. title optional. Spring new growth strong thistles crowd out flowers weeds -- jvg Mushroom Cloud The Mushroom Cloud Is an invented visual form created by Bob Baker to reflect a visual dimension to his anti-war poem. To stay true to the spirit of the form, content and visual should merge. The elements of the Mushroom Cloud are: a poem in 14 lines Centered. Syllabic with syllable count 3, 4, 5, 6, 5, 4, 3, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 3 per line Rhyme: ABCCCBADEFDEFG abcccbadefdefx. X being unrhymed Pattern Poetry, originally called Technopaegnia and now sometimes called Figure Poetry is the oldest of the visual verse forms. The form is thought to possibly date back to Crete 1700 B.C. Recognizable shapes, usually of natural objects were created visually by arranging letters, words and lines of verse. The shape enhances and contributes to the meaning of the poem. However the meaning of the words is not diminished if read aloud. In classical Greek literature Meleager of Gadar's anthology of technopaegnia included a famous piece by Simias of Rhodes which was a poem that appeard in the shape of an egg. Not only was itshaped like an egg but it had to be read in an egg-like order; the last verse was to be savored after the first and then the second and the second last, until the center was finally reached. Some other classical poets who used the genre were Theocritus, Vestianus and Optatianus. Optatianus is credited as the inspiration for the poem, In Praise of the Holy Cross by Hrabanus Maurus (c784-856), Archbishop of Mainz, a Carolingian poet and theologian, which was the first printed pattern poem published in 1503. During the Renaissance, Fortunius Licetus (1577-1654), an Italian humanist, who wrote a book on hieroglyphics edited several volumes on the classical writers of technopaegnia. Pictorial is an invented form found at Shadow Poetry and introduced by Emily Romano, the shape of which is like descending stairs. The elementsof the Pictorial are: written in 3 lines of 5 words or less per line. composed with the lines side by side and step progressed downward. rhymed, rhyme scheme may be internal or end rhyme and pattern at the discretion of the poet. xxx-------------------------xxx-------------------------xxx ---xxx-------------------------xxx-------------------------xxx ------ xxx-------------------------xxx-------------------------xxx ----------xxx-------------------------xxx-------------------------xxx Star Sevlin is an invented shape poem that is supposed to form a star when centered on the page. It is found in Pathways for the Poet by Viola Berg 1977 and was created by Lilliann Mathilda Svenson. The elements of the Star Sevlin are: a heptastich, a poem in 7 lines. iambic syllabic, iambic 4-6-8-6-8-6-4 syllables per line. rhymed, rhyme scheme abbcaca. centered on the page. Flight by Judi Van Gorder Tree of Life is an invented verse form written in the shape of a tree. Found at Poetry Styles and created by Christina Jusaumme who requests the subject of the poem be uplifting. The elements of the Tree of Life are: a poem in 19 lines. syllabic, 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-4-4-4-4-4-4. unrhymed. centered on the page. The Trianglet is an invented shape poem found in Berg's Pathways for the Poet. It forms the shape of a triangle and was created by Mina M Sutherland. The elements of the trianglet are: a decastich, a poem in 10 lines. syllabic, 1-2-3-4-5-5-4-3-2-1 syllables per line. rhymed, rhyme scheme AbcxddxcbA composed with the 1st word repeated as the last word. Waltz Wave is a verse form found at Poet Freak that might be called the shape of the waltz. The elements of the Waltz Wave are: a poem in 19 lines. syllabic, 1-2-1-2-3-2-1-2-3-4-3-2-1-2-3-2-1-2-1 syllables per line. unrhymed. Steven Hawking and Me by Geoffrey Le Voguer watch sunlight fade, gutter, and the moon vanish. stars like krill in baleen filters of an endless ocean's night consumed, and believe that it was all for you The Wheelchair Angel Style is a poem that attempts to create sillouette shape of a man in a wheelchair. Found at Poetry Styles this invented verse form was introduced by Pat Simpson to honor poet, Michael L. Schuh and who suggests the content include reference to a wheelchair. It was found at Poetry Styles. The elements of the Wheelchair Angel Style are: a poem in 25 lines. syllabic, 2-2-3-4-3-2-1-3 5-8-8-8-10-8-8-8-8-8-8 4-4-6-4-4 10. L20 thru L24 are split, to create the illusion of wheels. x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x ------- x x x x ------- x x x x x ----- x x x x x ------- x x x x ------- x x x x x x x x x x x x Zany Zig Zag Five is an invented form that seems a little "zany". Created by Patricia Ann Farnsworth-Simpson who suggests that the words zig zag appear in the poem. (This is one thing all sources agree on.) I have been unable to find the original poem or description of the style by Ms. Farnsworth=Simpson but have found vague or conflicting information by others on various poetry sites, I offer a hodge podge of everything I've found. The elements of the Zany Zig Zag Five are: strophic, any number of lines may be written or a verse form in 5 lines. (I've found poems both ways.) syllabic, 5 syllables per line rhyme is not mentioned in one source, one source say the poem must be rhymed, but no specific pattern is described. Both poems I've found are rhymed with differing rhyme patterns so can only assume rhymed at discretion of poet.. lines aligned in a zig zag pattern. Since "zany" is used in the title of this form, I would think the pattern of zig zag should be erratic rather than uniform although both poems carried a uniform pattern. x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
  10. Tinker

    Jeffrey's Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart Jeffrey's Sonnet is a recent verse form invented by Scott J Alcorn. My guess is either the middle intital "J." in Scott J. Alcorn stands for Jeffrey, or this sonnet frame is named for the title or subject of a poem written by Alcorn. It appears the form varies from the metric pattern of most sonnets and has a unique rhyme scheme. The elements of the Jeffrey's Sonnet are: a quatorzain, made up of 2 sestets followed by a couplet. syllabic, 8 syllables per line. rhymed, rhyme scheme aabccb ddeffe ge . There is internal cross rhyme within syllables 2 thru 4 of L7, L13 & L14. composed with no suggested criteria for a pivot although it appears to occur between the sestets, leaving the end couplet as a summary. x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x b x x x b x x x d x x x x x x x d x x x x x x x e x x x x x x x f x x x x x x x f x x x x x x x e x x e x x x x g x x x g x x x e
  11. Tinker


    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms The Xenolith is an invented form created only this last month, September 2011. Technically to be a recognized verse form there should be several poems written using the same frame otherwise it is simply a nonce form. But because Carol Ward, the inventor of this particular frame, at Random Thoughts named it beginning with X (there are no other forms beginning with X) and I enjoyed reading how and why it was named and created, I had to include it here as a full fledged invented form. Maybe someone else will give it a try someday and make it official. Xenolith is a rock formation of an older rock inside a newer rock, I liked that the poet chose this term not just for the unique X word but she conceptualized the definition to a poem within a poem. My mind is swirling trying to visualize an older poem inside a new poem captured within this unique frame. The frame could be a challenge with the irregular syllabic pattern in 15 lines, 7 of which are turned on only 1 rhyme. The elements of the Xenolith are: a 15 line poem. syllabic, L1,L3,L5,L8,L11,L13 & L15 are 12 syllables each, L2,L4,L6,L7,L9,L10,L12 &L14 are 8 syllables each. turned on 5 rhymes, rhymed a b a b a c c a d d a e a e a. The 12 syllable lines carry a single rhyme, the 8 syllable lines are paired by rhyme even if not always by line position. x x x x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x d x x x x x x x d x x x x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x e x x x x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x e x x x x x x x x x x x a No Guarantee by Carol Ward (a Xenolith)
  12. Tinker

    Mad Cow & Mad Calf

    Explore the Craft of Writing Light Verse In the Mad Cow, the rhyme scheme sets the tone. This pastoral verse form invented by American Sebastian "Duke" Delorange, found at Poetry Base, is a perfect candidate for "Light Verse". The elements of the Mad Cow are: is a poem in 35 lines made up of 7 cinquains. metric, alexandrine lines, iambic hexameter (6 metric feet) lines with mid line caesura. rhymed, rhyme scheme ababc cdede fgfgh hijij klklm mnono eieio. (for those not familiar with the nursery rhyme, "Old Mac Donald had a farm e i e i o. And on that farm he had a cow e i e i o. With a moo moo here and a moo moo there. Here a moo, there a moo, e i e i o0" pastoral, to go along with it's name, the poem should include an idylic country setting. The Mad Calf is a baby Mad Cow, also invented by Delorange at Poetry Base, this verse form is a simpler shorter version of its parent. The elements of the Mad Calf are: a poem in 20 lines made up of 4 cinquains. syllabic, each line 6 syllables. rhyme, rhyme scheme abcde fghij klmno eieio. which in reality would be xxxxe xxxix xxxxo eieio, x being unrhymed. pastoral.
  13. Tinker

    Haiku Wannabees

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms Haiku Haiku Wannabees When searching for traditional forms, I have run across several invented forms that attempt to emulate or replace the Haiku. Most often they miss the mark, but some are fun to play with. Cinqku is a 5 line haiku attributed to American poet Denis Garrison found at Poetry Bridge. It particularly explores the use of the line break and retains the maximum syllable count of the haiku. (Note: the haiku is a small poem of 17 syllables or less, the Cinqku is more restrictive with a strict syllable count of 17.) The Cinqku should have a turn or surprise in L4 and L5. The elements of the Cinqku are: a pentastich, a poem in 5 lines. syllabic. A strict syllable count of 2-3-4-6-2 syllables per line. composed with a turn or surprise in L4 or L5. untitled. he saw his life flash before his eyes - her smile and waiting arms took hold ---Mike Monteuil Scattered, fragmented, time spins too fast. in stillness I reclaim myself. ------ Judi Van Gorder Dixdeux, French for ten-two, is illustrated by Anthony Fusco in Caulkins' Handbook on Haiku and Other Form Poems, 1970 . . . It appears to have developed as an alternative to the Haiku. The defining feature is the syllable count. The elements of the Dixdeux are: written in any number of tercets. When written in more than one tercet, L3 becomes a refrain. syllabic, with 10-10-2 syllables per line. is unrhymed. titled, unlike the haiku. Hot Topic by Judi Van Gorder an unopened coke sits in closed up truck outside the summer temperature rises KABOOM! sticky brown liquid spatters upholstery meticulous owner finds mess inside KABOOM! The Haikuette is another seemingly, American answer to the haiku and was introduced by Louise Sipfle in the Caulkins Handbook and included in Berg's Pathways. The defining feature is the absense of verbs. The elements of the Haikuette are: a tristich, a 3 line poem. Each line must be a separate entity, yet must contribute to the whole. syllabic, 17 syllables or less. There is no specified syllable count per line. written without verbs. unrhymed. titled. You by Judi Van Gorder fresh freckled Lily sweet fragrance, pink and spicy your face in the sun The Hay(na)ku or Jánakú is an invented verse form inspired by the haiku that is measured by number of words instead of syllables. It was introduced in 2003 by Eileen Tabios, the then pulisher of Meritage Press. The name Haynaku is the Tagalog equivalent of Oh My God! The elements of the Hay(na)ku are: a tristich, a poem written in 3 lines. measured by number of words, L1 is one word, L2 is two words and L3 is three words. There is no restriction on number of syllables in the words. unrhymed. variable, the line order can be reversed, or the form can be chained to create a series of Haynakus. November. . . golden leaves crunch under foot ------- jvg Fallen . . from tree, three bones broken. --------jvg Canvas. . . paint splash dribbles onto page. ------- jvg one plus two always equals three --------- --Fred Johnson The Kimo is an Israeli version of the haiku, found at Poetry Kaleidoscope. The defining feature is that there should be no movement in the imagery. The elements of the Kimo are: a tristich, a 3 line poem. syllabic 10-7-6 syllables per line. the images should be stationary unrhymed. My Dog Angel by Judi Van Gorder Coffee grounds and egg shells on kitchen floor next to overturned trash pail, Angel sleeping nearby. Lune is an American invented form in 3 lines. It provides 2 options. The lines can either be measured by syllables or words. I found this at Instant Poetry Forms The elements of the Lune are: a poem in 3 lines. measured either by 5-3-5 syllables per line or 5-3-5 words per line. unrhymed. Today I cried tears of regret. I was not enough. ------ ---Judi Van Gorder The Quinzaine is an internet form found at Shadow Poetry and Instant Poetry for Kids, named from the French quinze (fifteen) for the 15 syllables the poem contains. The elements of the Quinzaine are: a tristich, a 3 line poem. syllabic, 7-5-3 syllables per line. unrhymed. composed of: L1 a statement, L2 and L3 questions related to the statement. Keats by Judi Van Gorder Poet writes in present tense. When is verse in time, is now then? Tetractys is an internet form claiming to be "Britain's answer to the haiku." Ray Stebbing at Shadow Poetry. "Tetractys" is defined by its name. The name given by classical Greek mathematician, Euclid, to his contention that the number series 1,2,3,4 has mystical significance because its sum is 10. The elements of the Tetractys are: a pentastich, a complete poem in a 5 lines. syllabic, with a progressive syllable count 1-2-3-4-10 per line. sometimes written as a Double Tetractys(2 quintains), when doubled the syllabic pattern is reversed, 1-2-3-4-10-10-4-3-2-1. sometimes it is stanzaic, written in any number of quintains. when written in multiple stanzas the syllabic pattern is a Mirrored Tetractys syllables per line 1-2-3-4-10 10-4-3-2-1 1-2-3-4-10 10-4-3-2-1 etc…. unrhymed. Sleep dormant renewal. Recovery, under rated necessity of life. Judi Van Gorder The Trilinea, one more haiku copycat from Berg's Pathways for a Poet, created by Nellie Amos. It appears to me to be a simplified 15th century Italian Stornello with a gimmick. The defining feature is the word "rose" must appear somewhere in the 3 lines which seems a bit contrived to me. The elements of the Trilinea are: a tristich, a poem in 3 lines. syllabic, with syllable count per line, 4-8-4. rhymed, L1 and L3 rhyme. composed to include the word "rose". titled. tattoo by Judi Van Gorder teardrops of dew cling to a red velvet rose the touch of you Today by Judi Van Gorder I rose to see a world of possibilities beckoning me. The Triquain, found in Berg's Pathways for the Poet 1977 appears to be an attempt at combining the haiku and Crapsey cinquain. It was created by L. Stanley Cheney and referred to in both the Caulkins' Handbook and Pathways. This form comes a little closer to the purpose of haiku than some other haiku wannabees. There is another invented form also called a Triquain that appeared on the internet about 25 years later written in a syllabic heptastich. The elements of the Triquain found in Pathways are: a tristich, a poem in 3 lines. It is composed in 3 units, L1 introduces the subject, L2 expands and leads into action, L3 is the enlightenment or question. syllabic, with 2-7-7 syllable count per line. Titled, unlike the haiku. stud by Judi Van Gorder newborn leggy colt struggles to stand first of many challenges Zip is an American haiku knockoff discovered by Lawrence Eberhardt at Poet's Collective at Wikipedia. Created by John Carley this is a 15 syllable haiku i 2 lines. The elements of the zip are: a distich, a poem in 2 lines syllabic, total 15 syllables, line break at the discretion of the poet each line composed with caesura displayed as a double or triple space rather than punctuation such as comma, or ellipsis. untitled shy sun smiles this winter morning frozen stillness greets my day . . . ~ jvg
  14. Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry invented Forms Mathematics Merges with Verse. I suppose all verse involves mathematics in the measure of the line and length of stanza, but there are a few verse forms that were invented specifically from mathematical concepts. Cadae was found in two forms. The word "cadae" is the alphabetical equivalent of the first five digits of Pi, 3.1415. (I never did understand Pi, how did I survive algebra?) But for you mathematicians this may be a verse form you could have fun with. Both forms are similar in concept with the Fibonacci. The Cadae #1 -I found this form at a site for teachers, the form is a way of introducing the numbers of Pi to children. This verse form uses the first 5 digits of Pi to determine the number of lines in a strophe and the numbers of syllables in the line. The elements of the Cadae #1 are: strophic, written in 5 strophes of fixed but varied length. S1 - 3 lines S2 - 1 line S3 - 4 lines S4 - 1 line S5 - 5 lines syllabic, S1 - 3 syllables per line S2 - 1 syllable in the line S3 - 4 syllables per line S4 - 1 syllable in the line S5 - 5 syllables per line Pi ∆∆∆∆∆ by Judi Van Gorder A circle dissected and measured sliced and diced into pie shaped pieces . . . diameter divides into one whole circumference the answer is Pi . . . pie placed side by side joined at the bottom creates cadae crown. Cadae #2 is a Western experimental movement to merge math and verse. This was found at Wikipedia. It is much more complicated than the children's version above. This form counts strophes, lines and syllables. There is even the option for the truly mathematically inclined to count the letters of the words in sequential order with the numbers or digits of Pi. Pi = 3.1 41592653589793238462643383279502884197 to infinity.. The elements of the Cadae #2 are: Strophic, 5 strophes, each containing the number of lines in sync with the first 5 digits of Pi. S1=3 line, S2=1 line, S3=4 lines, S4=1 line, S5=5 lines. 14 lines all together. Syllabic, 3-1-4-1-5-9-2-6-5-3-5-8-9-7 syllables per line. Unrhymed. Variable: For a Cadae on steroids, the poet could take this a step further and in addition to the strophe, line and syllable count, the number of letters in the words of the poem could also follow the sequential numbers of Pi. The following is a "pumped up" Cadae and employs all of the above features. This poem includes 40 words with the letters in sync with the first 40 digits of Pi=3.141592653589793238462643383279502884197. As long as the strophe, line, syllable and letter count are in sync with the digits of Pi, the word count could vary from poem to poem. Cadaeic Cadae by Rachel Hommel God – a gift I swore mordantly to. . . . . reject daily, but, human toxicity resonates amongst seditious men of war stealing love "aweigh" He abhors . Axis and Ego; fighting was an age-long righteous brawl & my previous exertion bred a chastened warrior. Cadaeic Cadenza (Cadenza is Italian for cadence.) is named for a short story written in 1996 by Mathematician Mike Keith. It is said to be an example of "constrained writing". The number of letters in each word sequentially mimic the first 3825 digits of Pi. In terms of merging poetry with math, in this case "Pi", the poet need only follow the sequential digits of Pi either in word, syllable, or letter count or all of the above. Found at Wikipedia: The parody of Poe's Raven written in Cadae Cadence the letters of the words in the sequence of Pi 3.1415 (author and title) etc. Poe, E. Near a Raven Midnights so dreary, tired and weary, Silently pondering volumes extolling all by-now obsolete lore. During my rather long nap - the weirdest tap! An ominous vibrating sound disturbing my chamber's antedoor." "I ignore" .--- Mike Keith, First stanza of Near a Raven A Raven by Edgar Allen Poe Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary, Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore, While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door."' Tis some visitor," I muttered, " tapping at my chamber door — Only this, and nothing more." Chronos is another mathematical verse form built around the root of Pi, this time Pi2 or Chronos = 9,8696. I found this verse form created by Bianca at Writing .com The elements of the Chronos iare a pentastich. syllabic, 9-8-6-9-6 syllables per line. The Fib is the brain child of American screenwriter, Gregory Pincus found in his blog at GottaBook in 2006 . The Fib is his solution for the need to write Haiku with a few more syllables. Based on the Fibonacci concept of the sequential numbers 0-1-1-2-3-5-8, It is a hexastich with progressive syllable count and has become very popular on the internet. The elements of the Fib are: a hexastich, a poem in 6 lines syllabic, syllables 1-1-2-3-5-8 Here are a couple of poems by Lucy Lu that demonstrate the Fib, know he is there watching on the other end. My heart quivers at such a thought. Sage said whether white or black, the one that catches the mouse is a good cat. Topnotch! The Fibonacci, , along the same lines as the Fib, the Fibonacci is a movement to write verse utilizing and named for a mathematical concept developed by the 12th century Italian mathematician Leonardo Pisano Fibonacci. The Fibonacci numbers are 0,1,1,2,3,5,8,13, 21 and so on, adding the last 2 numbers to determine the next in line. The form appears to be first used by poets in the 20th century in America and Denmark. It is similar in concept with the Cadae. Unlike the Fib, it is the stanzaic, rather than syllable count, the stanzas progress to correspond with the numeric concept. The elements of the Fibonacci are: stanzaic, written in any number of stanzas in which the number of lines of each stanza increases corresponding with the Fibonacci concept as the poem progresses. rhyme and meter are written at the discretion of poet. Together Forever by Judi Van Gorder Holding hands at sunset Dreams of yesterday lovers side by side. It all begins in love with love timeless touch. Dreams do not anticipate a hospital marathon palsied hands a shoulder leaning heavily a life on hold. Watching you sleep brought pleasure, felt safe. Now I'm left to wonder if you will wake stay with me one more day or will you release me from my vigil? Forever is a long time. Pi-Archimedes is a simpler variation of the Cadae Verse. Named for the Greek mathematician Archimedes, (c. 287 BC – c. 212 BC) who defined Pi. In this verse, the first six digits of Pi are represented by 6 lines and word count per line. Pi = 3.14159 . . (My original source is lost to me and it was recently pointed out that I had incorrectly posted the sequential digits of Pi. I don't know if this was my error or an error from the original source. I have corrected the 6 numbers and the word count for each line to the correct sequence.) The elements of the Pi-Archimedes verse are: a hexastich, a poem in 6 lines. measured by the number of words in each line 3-1-4-1-5-9 to match the numerical sequence of the first six digits of Pi. unrhymed. Pi by Judi Van Gorder Not my thing, numbers. Algebra is an enigma, mud that mucks up my brain. "You use math every day", they say. I try. The Piaku is an invented form that takes its syllable count from the Pi. Created by American Mike Rollins this form may have an infinite number of lines. Found at All Poetry in Lawrencelot’s Blog. The elements of the Piaku are: Is written based on the number Pi = 3.14159 26535 89793 23846 26433 83279 50288 41971 69399 37510 58209 74944 59230 78164 06286 20899 86280 34825 34211 70679 82148 08651 ...on to infinity… with each number representing a line. It is at the poet’s discretion how many lines the piece should include which could go into infinity. One could argue that the poem should begin with a single line followed by any number of quintains, but the original example poem is not broken into stanzas.(more choices for the poet) Syllabic, syllables per line pi=3.14159 26535 89793 23846 26433 83279 50288 41971 69399 37510 58209 74944 59230 78164 06286 20899 86280 34825 34211 70679 82148 08651 ... Unrhymed. (In the following poem I chose to write in quintains and use the first syllable count of 3 for the title. Complex Math by Judi Van Gorder Pi the infinite Pi number without end unequivocal revelation. Unleashed one could spin into the farthest reaches of the mind and never come back. Quaternion is a verse form named for the algebraic equations that were introduced by Irish mathematician Sir William Rowan Hamilton in 1843 which completely oversimplified and probably missing the point entirely are the multiplication of three dimensional imaginary units by four dimensional objects. Now don't expect me to explain that. The verse form is English in origin and found at Poetry Base. The only connection I see between the algebraic concept and the form is they both have a 3 by 4 concept. The form is written in three quatrains with a rhyme scheme that ends with a combination of the rhyme of the first 2 stanzas in the last stanza. The elements of the Quaternion are: a poem in 12 lines made up of 3 quatrains. metered at the discretion of the poet. rhymed, aabb ccdd abcd. Third Dimension by Judi Van Gorder Forgotten in a tight airless attic, a thing that was to prove problematic, a Halloween reflective diorama in reenactment of a psychodrama. The shoebox, webbed and painted black, a tiny coffin's cedar lid drawn back, inside a body stiff in death, an axe imbedded in the head, a final tax. A challenge to create this poematic with ghoulish display in frightful panorama. The sounds with screeching tone, elegiac and words don't always tell the lonely facts. The Binary Tree is an invented verse form that borrows elements from both mathematics and computer science according to its creator Jason A Banico. In computer science the binary tree is like a family tree in which each "node" has 2 "children" or in this verse form a node is represented by a hemistich which is repeated. This 11 line poem is made up of 9 different phrases repeated at least once. The elements of the Binary Tree are: a poem in 11 lines. The first 9 lines are written in hemistiches which includes at least one hemistich or phrase that is repeated elsewhere in the poem. metered at the discretion of the poet, obviously 2 versets, phrases or hemistiches must make up a line. unrhymed. composed with repetition, the first hemistich of L1 is repeated as the second hemistich in L2 and L5 and the first hemistich in L4, the 2nd hemistich of L2 is repeated as the first hemistich of L3 and L7 and the 2nd hemistich of L8. The first hemistich of L2 is repeated as the 2nd hemistich of L4 and the first hemistich of L6. The 2nd hemistich of L3 is repeated as the 2nd hemistich of L7 and the first hemistich of L9, the first hemistich of L5 is repeated as the first hemistich of L10, The 2nd hemistich of L6 is repeated as the 2nd hemistich of L10. The first hemistich of L8 is repeated as the first hemistich of L11 and the 2nd hemistich of L9 is repeated as the 2nd hemistich in L11. L1: a / b L2: c / a L3: b / d L4: a / c L5: e / a L6: c / f L7: b / d L8: g / b L9: d / h L10: e / f L11: g / h Starving by Judi Van Gorder The growl within, empty light, the clock strikes noon, the growl within, empty light, a need to feed the growl within, the clock strikes noon to plug the hole, the growl within the clock strikes noon, the lunch time boon, empty light, the need to feed sit down to eat, empty light a need to feed and fill up soon, to plug the hole, the lunch time boon sit down to eat and fill up soon.

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