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  1. Tinker

    Sparrowet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented-verse-forms The Sparrowet is an invented stanzaic form created by Kathrine Sparrow that she calls a variation of the Swap Quatrain. The defining feature is the inversion of the 2 hemistichs of L1 in L6 of each stanza. The elements of the Sparrowet are: stanzaic, written in any number of sixains. syllabic, lines of 8 syllables each. (Often written in iambic tetrameter.) L1 and L6 of each stanza is written in 2 hemistichs. rhymed, rhyme scheme BbabaA. The 2 halves of L1 are inverted and repeated as a refrain in L6. RRRA, RRRB xxxxxxxb xxxxxxxa xxxxxxxb xxxxxxxa RRRB, RRRA
  2. Tinker

    Forms Unique to Writing.com

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms Writing.com is a site that took me years to master. It is all about writing, novels, poetry, short stories, whatever. Writers may post their work and blogs and it appears massive. I originally found it difficult to maneuver through the maze, I have since figured the site out. In order to take advantage of all of its features it costs money. There is limited access for free. However it is loaded with prompts, contests and challenges that can be fun and informative. Skill ranges from beginner to professional writers. Unfortunately at this point in my research there isn't much left that I haven't already researched and posted. However there are some original invented forms at WCD and also forms used from obscure sites that have been reproduced here. Dave Schneider, the leader of one of the many forums available, Poet's Place Café, challenges poets to use a "tool of the trade" on Mondays and write a poem in the "Form of the Week" on Thursdays. So here is the latest of my finds with a whole lot of assistance from Dave. The 160 is a writing exercise more than a poetic technique or form. I was excited to find a Dutch connection to poetic form and apparently this is an exercise used in Dutch poetry workshops. I don't know how helpful this would be in honing our skills as poets but it is something new. The exercise simply asks that you write a poem in 160 characters including space and punctuation. That means counting each letter of each word. Obviously it will be short. Example by Bianca Wings by Judi Van Gorder The Argonelles is an invented stanzaic form that I have been unable to find the source. There are 2 interpretations of the frame, one demonstrated at WCD by Neva aka Prosperous Snow as a simple syllabic rhymed quintain. The other version which I believe is the older one is found at Rainbow Communications and it uses two refrains. The elements of the Argonelles as demonstrated at WCD are: stanzaic, written in any number of quintains. (5 line stanzas) syllabic, syllables per line are 2-6-8-8-6 rhymed, rhyme scheme xabba xcddc xeffe x being unrhymed The Chase is On by Judi Van Gorder Fall TV by Judi Van Gorder The elements of the Argonelles as demonstrated by Linda Vernall Smith at Rainbow Communications are: stanzaic, written in any number of quintains. syllabic, syllables per line are 2-6-8-8-6 rhymed, rhyme scheme ABccB ADeeD AFggF etc The first line of each stanza is a repeated refrain from L1 of the poem. L5 repeats L2 of each stanza but is not carried over into the next stanza. Today's Molly Adventure by Judi Van Gorder Octet is an invented form introduced by Dr. Laura Andersson. It is simply a diminishing octave. The elements of the Octet are: an octastich, a poem in 8 lines. syllabic, 8-7-6-5-4-3-2-1 syllables per line. unrhymed. variable and can be written as a mirror or can be reversed. Gunman Kills 11 by Judi Van Gorder Fire Season by Judi Van Gorder The Onzain (French) or Onzijn (Dutch onze means eleven} is an invented form, the Dutch version of which is attributed to a Drs. P. The form apparently originated in France and this is all I could find about the French version of the form. The verse form is pretty simple, it is all about the number eleven. The elements of the Onzain or Onzijn are: a poem in eleven lines. syllabic, each line is eleven syllables. rhymed, the Dutch rhyme scheme is a-b-c-b-c-d-c-d-a-e-e, (I can only guess that the French rhyme scheme may be different since this scheme was specified as the Dutch version.) Punnett, an invented verse form created by Marc Ant in response to a challenge to create a new verse form based on your occupation. Being a biology teacher, Marc based the form on the ratios in a "punnet square". (Punnett squares are used in Biology to assess the ratio of possible genotypic outcomes when crossing traits among a species.) The elements of the Punnett are: a poem in 9 lines. unmetered, counts words per line 1-2-1-2-4-2-1-2-1 unrhymed theme must be in the biological realm. composed with the first word being part of the last word. centered on the page. Example Poem Udder Elixir by Judi Van Gorder Revanche (French - revenge) is an American, invented, stanzaic form created by David Hirt. The defining feature of the Revanche is the alternating rhymeless quatrains with the rhymed couplets. The elements of the Revanche are: stanzaic, written in any number of alternating quatrains and couplets. metric, iambic tetrameter. There is a variation which is written in 4 sets of alternating quatrains and couplets. The first set of quatrain and couplet are iambic tetrameter, the following 3 sets are written L1 thru L3 of each quatrain is tetrameter, L4 is iambic trimeter, the couplets are iambic tetrameter. rhymed, the quatrains are unrhymed and the couplets are rhymed. xxxx aa xxxx bb xxxx cc etc. x being unrhymed. (Note: the discription at Writing.com desribes the quatrains as "loosely Blank Verse" referring to the fact that the lines of the quatrain are unrhymed, this could be misleading. Lack of rhyme is only one feature of Blank Verse. Blank verse is always iambic pentatmeter. Rondel Grand An invented form by Victoria Sutton or Passionspromise at Writing.com. I'm unsure why this takes the name of Rondel since the stanza, rhyme, refrain and syllable patterns are not similar. (other than the first 4 lines are 8 syllables) It is still a fun form to give a try. The elements of the Rondel Grand are: stanzaic, written in minimum of 3 quintains. syllabic, L1-L4 8 syllables each, L5 is 6 syllables. rhymed, rhyme scheme ababR cdcdR,etc. written with L5 repeating as L5 in each subsequent stanza. Rondel Grand Modified is a modification of the above Rondel Grand, created by Twila Colville / tucknits at writing.com. It changes the Rondel Grand rhyme scheme from alternating to rhymed couplets and changes the the refrain from repeating the entire L5 to breaking L5 into two 3 syllable phrases and gives the poet the option of repeating only 1 phrase at either the beginning or end of the 6 syllable L5 in subsequent stanzas. The elements of the Rondel Grand Modified are: stanzaic, written in a minimum of 2 cinquains, preferably more. syllabic, L1-L4 are 8 syllables each, L5 is 6 syllables. rhymed, rhyme scheme aabbR, ccddR, etc. written with a refrain which includes the repetition of 3 consecutive syllables from L5 of the first stanza at either the beginning or end of L5 of subsequent stanzas. Joe's Words All his life my young brother wrote For love, work and family both; He would say “utter amusement,” But this prose needs no inducement From his pen, thoughts inspired. No words dared retire or impend; Old terms, new ideas he penned. Eccentric gems of dialect, His views seldom scribed direct; From his pen, prose tumbled. Three eulogies, oft he did quote "Four too many", sadly he wrote. I would agree; I heard him pray, "Goodbye's impossible to say;" From his pen, memories. Though afar his deep work I read, Never once did my lone voice plead; To praise his aggrieved wordsmith’s scree, His stories captivated me. From his pen, no debris. “We grow too old too soon and too late too smart”, sage old phrase rings true; Losing him reminds my heart of Its wisdom nous; lost sibling love From his pen, pained adieu. ~~Twila Colville Ronka is an invented verse form shared by Dave Schneider @ WCD which he found at Wordpress.com created by Ken Ronkowitz. The form is Ken’s combination of the haiku, and tanka with a little bit of himself thrown in. Basically it is a 5 line poem made up of 7 words (not syllables) each. He takes it a step closer to the haiku and infuses a touch of the season and ego-less-ness. The elements of the ronka are: a pentastich, a poem in 5 lines unmetered, each line is made up of 7 Words (not syllables) a season or a seasonal symbol is infused into the poem draws emotion from the image rather than the poet. Shutdown Federal parks closed, government workers go unpaid, this Christmas, groceries, dolls and toy trains will be sparse for four hundred thousand, held hostage to five billion dollar wall. What happened to promised, “Mexico will pay”? ~~ Judi Van Gorder Sidlak means "shine" in Cebuano, a language of Northern Mindanao, Philippine Islands. It is a verse form that has appeared over the last 5 years in blogs at Word Press. It seems Shambhavi Bhardwaj first introduced it there. But because of the Filipino source of the name and he does not take credit for its creation, it's source is still a mystery to me. Shambhavi's description of the form however, has been quoted exactly whenever the form appears online so far. I break it down a little differently here. I have searched the internet and the Philippine and Indian Poetry sections of the New Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics to find some reference to the form without success. Because of the above research and especially because the last line syllable count is left to the discretion of the poet in lieu of a "color". I am pretty sure this is a recently invented form. There is a question whether the last line must be confined to a color only or the color can be the focus of a phrase. The oldest sidlaks I could find use the color in a phrase. However the poems I've read limiting the last line to the color only were very effective. I think given the two options, what ever works best for your poem is the correct answer. The elements of the Sidlak are: a pentastich, a poem in 5 lines. syllabic, 3-5-7-9- L5 syllable count is at discretion of the poet. L5 presents a COLOR that portrays the whole poem or the feelings of the writer without syllable count restriction. President George H.W. Bush Nation's pride respected leader passes to the other side he lived well, led with integrity wrapped in red, white and blue ~~Judi Van Gorder The Skinny is a verse form originally found at Word Press created by African American poet, Truth Thomas in the Tony Medina Poetry Workshop at Howard University. The intent of the form is to create "a vivid image with as few words as possible". The elements of the Skinny are: a verse form in 11 lines. unmetered. The measure is the line and the word. L1 can be any length although shorter lines are preferable. L11 is a repeat of L1 although it can change in word arrangement, in tense or variations of root words. L2 thru L10 are single words. L2, L6 and L10 are the same word. Example Poems Poet's Magic by Judi Van Gorder The TriVail was created by J.lynn Sheridan in response to a poetic form challenge as demonstrated on her blog Writing on the Sun. She says it is loosely based on the monostich, which is simply a poem in a single line. I believe the connection is in reference to each couplet should be complete and should be able to stand alone as a poem. Maybe a better reference would be the ghazal. The elements of the TriVail are: stanzic, written in six couplets followed by a tercet. Each couplet should be complete, never enjambed to the next couplet. Each couplet should be able to stand alone as a poem but relate in some way to the couplet before, similar to the ghazal . syllabic, 3-7 3-7 3-7 3-7 3-7 3-7 3-3-3, each couplet has lines of three and seven syllables, and all three lines of the tercet have three syllables each. rhymed, the couplets can be either rhymed ab ab ab ab ab ab or aa bb cc dd ee ff , the tercet is unrhymed. composed with repeating one word from L1 somewhere in the subsequent couplets and again in the tercet. composed with a theme based on relationships of any kind The Tribe by Judi Van Gorder
  3. Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms Hexaverse (hexa = six / verse = line or unit of lines) by definition this invented form refers to six, six syllable lines. Examples of the form found on a couple of science fiction websites, display the Hexaverse to be a hexastich of 6 syllable lines. Describing each line being unique yet related to the other six. The elements of the Hexaverse are: a hexastich, a poem in 6 lines. syllabic, 6 syllable lines. unrhymed. Diminishing Hexaverse is an invented form which can be found in various poetry communities and blogs across the web without any reference to its source. Most use the same definition which strangely ignores the meaning of hexa and describe the form with only 5 stanzas, diminishing from 5 lines and 5 syllables each to 4 lines and 4 syllables each and so on ending in a single stich of 1 syllable. With that description the frame would better be termed a Diminishing Pentaverse. Finally I came upon a site that seems to me to get it right at Tir na nOg, diminishing from 6 lines of 6 syllables each to 5 lines of 5 syllables each and so on to a single stich of one syllable and my faith was restored. I have to believe the original concept began with the 6 line beginning and was somehow corrupted to only 5 stanzas along the way and the lemmings followed. The form is fine with 6 or 5 stanzas but it just makes more sense to me to use the correct terminology to reflect the frame used. The elements of the Diminishing Hexaverse are: a poem in diminishing 6 stanzas, made up of a sixain, followed by quintet, followed by a quatrain, followed by a tercet followed by couplet and ending in a single stich. syllabic, L1-L6 6 syllables each, L7-L11 5 syllables each, L12-L15 4 syllables each, L16-L18 3 syllables each, L19-L20 2 syllables each and finally L21 1 syllable. unrhymed. x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x Increasing Hexaverse is the exact opposite of the Diminishing Verse. beginning with a single stich of 1 syllable and increasing lines and syllables per line ending with a 6 line, 6 syllable each stanza.
  4. Tinker

    Xenolith

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms The Xenolith is an invented form created only this last month, September 2011. Technically to be a recognized verse form there should be several poems written using the same frame otherwise it is simply a nonce form. But because Carol Ward, the inventor of this particular frame, at Random Thoughts named it beginning with X (there are no other forms beginning with X) and I enjoyed reading how and why it was named and created, I had to include it here as a full-fledged invented form. Maybe someone else will give it a try someday and make it official. Xenolith is a rock formation of an older rock inside a newer rock, I liked that the poet chose this term not just for the unique X word but she conceptualized the definition to a poem within a poem. My mind is swirling trying to visualize an older poem inside a new poem captured within this unique frame. The frame could be a challenge with the irregular syllabic pattern in 15 lines, 7 of which are turned on only 1 rhyme. The elements of the Xenolith are: a 15 line poem. syllabic, L1,L3,L5,L8,L11,L13 & L15 are 12 syllables each, L2,L4,L6,L7,L9,L10,L12 &L14 are 8 syllables each. turned on 5 rhymes, rhymed a b a b a c c a d d a e a e a. The 12 syllable lines carry a single rhyme, the 8 syllable lines are paired by rhyme even if not always by line position. x x x x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x d x x x x x x x d x x x x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x e x x x x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x e x x x x x x x x x x x a No Guarantee by Carol Ward (a Xenolith)
  5. Tinker

    Monchielle Stanza

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms The Monchielle Stanza is a very new and very popular stanzaic form invented by Jim T Henriksen of Norway. He posted his innovation at All Poetry.com in 2005 and the form seems to have found its way onto several poetry sites since. Of course, we can't leave it out of this forum. The form is named for Jim's wife Monica and the Kyrielle which also uses a refrain within its frame. It seems to me that the form is more conducive to lyrical images and the repetition of L1 in L1 of subsequent stanzas is closer to the rentrament of the Rondeau Family of forms than the refrain and narrative nature of the Kyrielle, but I didn't invent nor name this new form. The elements of the Monchielle Stanza are: stanzaic, written in any number of cinquains. (The original poem suggests 4 cinquains but the stanza frame will work equally as well with 2 or more stanzas.) syllabic, 6 syllable lines or if you prefer iambic trimeter rhymed, rhyme scheme From Axbxb Axcxc Axdxd Axexe etc. x being unrhymed or Abcbc Adede Afgfg etc. written with a rentrament L1 is repeated as L1 in each subsequent stanza.
  6. Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart Invented Forms Poet's Collective, is where Lawrence Eberhart has gathered forms he has found interesting. He usually simply finds a form, copies and pastes the information giving the source credit, analyses the frame, maybe adds a comment and then writes some of the best example poems I've encountered. Many of the invented forms unique to the site were originally found at All Poetry, A poetry community where there are some poetry courses and many blog like forums that include poetry of the members as well as information they might want to share such as new forms they might have run across or even invented themselves. Here are many of the forms collected at Poet's Collective. 5/3 Meter Verse is a stanzaic form that I assume Lawrence Eberhardt to be the creator. What appears to be a very simple form is not simple at all. It is about mastering metric patterns. The elements of the 5/3 meter are: stanzaic, written in 5 or more quatrains. metric, accentual syllabic verse, measuring syllable count and metric patterns. Written with alternating lines of 5 and 3 syllables. Syllables per line 5-3-5-3. Metric pattern, the odd numbered lines are a iamb, da Dum, followed by an anapest, da Dum da, and the even numbered lines are a dactyl, Dum da Dum. rhymed, alternating rhyme scheme A1B1A2B2 cdcd efef ghgh A1B1A2B2. The odd lines end on feminine rhyme, the even on masculine rhyme composed repeating the first stanza as the last stanza in refrain. Example poem The 13 Line Sonnet is simply writing any sonnet form that ends with a rhymed couplet and condensing L13 and L14 into one iambic pentameter line with internal rhyme, invented by Marcy Jarvis. I can only assume the intent is to include the standard elements of "the sonnet" with the exception of being shortened by one line. The elements of the 13 Line Sonnet are: a lyrical poem written in 13 lines, made up any combination of stanzaic forms that could result in a total of 12 lines followed by a single line. metric, iambic pentameter rhymed, variable rhyme scheme with the last line, L13 internally rhymes with the end word. x x x x d x x x x d pivot or turn according to the sonnet form chosen Sunday Morning Six A.M. chill carried on the sea mist, drenched divulgation, dampening my waking will to get up and tame my artist. So much to write, so much to do, but the comfort of our bed pulls me back under our cozy quilt to you and dream instead. ~~Judi Van Gorder 15/10 Alternating Verse, first demonstrated by Jeff Green is a pattern of alternating 15 syllable lined stanzas with 10 syllable lined stanzas. The elements of the 15/10 Verse are: stanzaic, written in any number of alternating quatrains of 15 syllable lines and 10 syllable lines. syllabic, the 15 syllable lines begin with an anapest da Dum da followed by 12 syllables, metric pattern at discretion of poet. The 10 syllable line metric pattern is at the discretion of the poet however most often 10 syllables equal 5 iambs. daDum daDum daDum daDum daDum. rhymed, rhyme scheme, the 15 line quatrains are made up of rhymed couplets and the 10 lined quatrains are alternating rhyme. aabb cdcd eeff ghgh etc Example poem Acrostic Tribute Sonnet is an invented sonnet form by Ron Morris and is essentially any sonnet frame but with the added device that the first letter of each line spells out the name of person honored in the poem. The elements of the Acrostic Tribute Sonnet are: a quatorzain, with a stanzaic pattern at discretion of the poet. metric, preferably iambic pentameter. rhymed, rhyme scheme at the discretion of the poet. pivot placement at the discretion of the poet. composed as a tribute to someone. an acrostic, the name of the one honored is spelled out in the fist letter of each line. Alphabet Haiku shouldn't really be considered haiku since there is no Ah ha moment and metaphor is allowed. It is simply, but strictly the common 5-7-5 frame with all words beginning with the same letter of the alphabet. Created by Beatrice Evans at All Poetry. 2019 #23 fierce frigid Friday freeloading firewood from friend faithless furnace fried ~~jvg 2019 #30 Amanda's Dark Sonnet is an invented sonnet form is also an alliterated acrostic with a dark theme. It was invented by Amanda J Norton. The elements of Amanda's Dark Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 2 seven lined stanzas. syllabic, 14 syllable lines. rhymed, rhyme scheme aabbcca abbccdd volta optional the initial letter of each line in S1 alliterates with the initial letter of the corresponding line in S2 Amanda’s Pinch is an invented verse form created by Amanda Norton is a syllabic form that appears on the page as if it was pinched in the middle. The elements of the “Pinch” are: an octastich, a poem in 8 lines. syllabic, syllables per line 12-12-10-8-8-10-12-12 rhymed, rhyme scheme abcDDcba L4 is repeated in L5 allierated, every line shout have alliteration centered on the page Anaduo is an anapestic stanzaic form created by Lisa LaGrange at All Poetry with an acephalous anapestic first metric foot of each line. The elements of the Anaduo are: stanzaic, written in any number of sixains made up of 2 tercets. metric, accentual syllabic, L1,L2 and L4, L5 are anapestic tetrameter, L3 and L6 are anapestic trimeter. All lines begin with an acephalous metric foot. anapestic = 2 unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable, da da DUM, acephalous = headless. the first syllable of a metric foot lopped off. anapest da da DUM acephalous anapest da DUM. or it may be easier to understand if we said L1,L2 are made up of an iamb followed by 3 anapests and L3 made up of an iamb followed by 2 anapests repeat. Syllables per line 11-11-8-11-11-8. rhymed, rhyme scheme aabccb ddeffe etc Example poem Arabian Sonnet appears to be a little known invented form. The only name associated with the origins of the form is Jem Farmer of All Poetry. Other than the defining features of frame and rhyme scheme, it is assumed the components of the classic sonnet apply. The elements of the Arabian Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 2 quatrains followed by 2 tercets. metric, iambic pentameter. rhymed, aaaa bbbb ccc ddd. turned in the 9th line. Avebury Air by Jem Farmer Arabian Onegin Sonnet is a variation of the Arabian Sonnet which simply includes repeat rhyme in a unique pattern. The elements of the Arabian Onegin Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 2 quatrains followed by 2 tercets. metric, iambic pentameter. rhymed,AaAa BBbb CcC DDd Anapeat is a verse form create by Susan Budig that won a Forms Challenge at Writer's Digest despite somewhat misleading terminology used in describing the elements of the form. The creator did include a poem as an example which I am sure was the clincher for the win and I have chosen to describe the elements of the poem which more accurately convey her intent. (The original description of the form uses the word "anaphora' liberally and yet anaphora appears no where in the example poem. The correct term for the element referred to would be tumbling refrain. Much like in the French form, the Retourne) The elements of the Anapeat are: a verse form made up of 5 quintains. (5 line stanzas) line length and meter at the discretion of the poet rhyme at the discretion of the poet. composed with tumbling refrain in which L1 of S1 is repeated as L2 in S2, L3 in S3, L4 in S4 and L5 in S5. titled using all or a portion of the refrain. Example Poem This poem by Lawrence Eberhart tries to use the original description but in the end follows the elements of Ms Budig's poem rather than her description. Arquain is a simple syllabic verse form with only the 7 syllables lines rhymed. created by Madison Shaw aka Arkbear @ All Poety. The elements of the Arquain are: a verse form made up of 3 quatrains. (12 lines total) syllabic, syllables per line 1-2-3-4 5-7-7-5 4-3-2-1 rhyme, xxxx xaax xxxx , x being unrhymed. centered on the page. Arquain String is simply a string of 3 Arquains (36 lines total). The rhyme of the 7 syllable lines can change from arquain to arquain. Example poem Asean Sonnet or Asean Royal Flush Sonnet, is simply an Italian sonnet in mono-rhyme. The variation is somehow associated with South East Asia but further detail is still illusive. The elements of the Asean Sonnet are: lyrical. a quatorzain made up of an octave followed by a sestet. metric, iambic pentameter. mono-rhymed, aaaaaaaaaaaaaa. turned on the 9th line. The Architect by Jem Farmer Atrina, created by Keith Metcalf Drew at All Poetry is a verse form with a complex refrain pattern which in effect require that you need write only 9 lines of the 18 lines total. The rest are all refrain. The elements of the Atrina are: a verse form made up of 3 quatrains followed by a sestet. (18 lines total) syllabic, all lines are 8 syllables. rhymed, rhyme scheme, A1A2aA1 B1B2bB1 C1C2cC1 A1A2B1B2C1C2. Caps represent a refrain. composed with each quatrain with it's own refrain, L1 repeated as L4. The sestet is made of the first 2 lines of each quatrain repeated in sequence. Example Poem The Bardic Sonnet is an invented sonnet form by William Kenneth Keller that uses the Shakespearean Sonnet and adds a complicated rhyme pattern. The elements of the Bardic Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 3 quatrains followed by a couplet. metric, iambic pentameter volta arrives late in the frame, sometime in the 3rd quatrain or even waiting until the declamatory couplet. rhymed, alternating rhyme, abab cdcd efef gg, but here is where it gets a little tricky. The rhyme is found both internal as well as at the end of the line. The internal or interlaced rhyme (echoed internally with another line.) is true or perfect rhyme (last stressed vowel and last consonant are echoed) but the end rhyme is consonant rhyme (end sounds consonate, ball/ fell) and including framed rhyme (the consonant preceding the vowel consonates with the consonant after the vowel. bit/bat ). To take it a bit further, the inventor requests that it be strict consonant rhyme as used in ancient Irish forms and designates interlaced rhyme to be echoed in the first 3 metric feet.The couplet contains both the end consonant rhyme and interlaced rhyme Capital = perfect rhyme lower case=consonant rhyme. .x x x A x x x x x a x B x x x x x x x b x x x x A x x x x a x x x x x B x x x b The Chandler Sonnet is an invented verse form introduced by B Chandler that although it is called a sonnet, has nothing in common with the sonnet form. The elements of the Chandler Sonnet are: a poem in 22 lines, written in 3 quatrains, an octave and a couplet in that order. syllabic, the first 3 quatrains are dodecasyllabic, the quatrain is hendecasyllabic and the couplet is heptasyllabic lines. rhymed, turned on only 4 rhymes, abab baba abab cdccdcdd ee. Dual Sonnet is an invented form that basically is 2 sonnet forms, or at least rhyme schemes, in one. Created by Allen R Murray the end rhyme of one form is found mid line and another sonnet form rhyme at the end of the line. The elements are: a quatorzain made up of either octave/sestet or three quatrains and couplet. metric, iambic pentameter. rhymed, select two rhyme schemes from recognized sonnet forms. One rhyme scheme should appear mid line and the other at the end of the line. xxxxaxxxxA lower case and uppercase simply indicates different rhyme sounds. xxxxbxxxxB xxxxaxxxxB xxxxbxxxxA Dueces Sonnet is a restricted invented form turned on only two rhymes. Created by Mary Lou Healy, the pivot placement is also specifically limited to either L9 and L11 at the rhyme pattern change. The elements are: a quatorzain made up of 3 quatrains followed by a couplet. metric, iambic pentameter rhymed, turned on only 2 rhymes, abba abba baab aa pivot at rhyme pattern change, either L9 or L11 Echo Sonnet is an invented double refrain sonnet form created by Jeff Green. The elements of the Echo Sonnet are: lyrical. a quatorzain made up 3 quatrains followed by a couplet, similar to the Kyrielle Sonnet. metric, iambic pentameter. rhymed with a double refrain. A1bbA2 accA2 addA2 A1A2. composed without pivot. Because of the double refrain, the poem seems to be revolving, ending where it started. The Bridge of Dreams by Jeff Green Eggtimer is an invented verse form created by Dorian Peterson Potter in which the first 5 lines are reversed and repeated as the last 5 lines. The elements of the eggtimer are: a decastich, a poem in 10 lines syllabic 5-4-3-2-1-1-2-3-4-5 L1 thru L5 are repeated in reverse order in L6 thru L10 best centered on the page unrhymed Circle Morning yawns open saunters to noon sun to moon night sleeps soon soon night sleeps moon to sun saunters to noon. Morning yawns open. ~~Judi Van Gorder The Emmett created by Dorothy Hester is an invented verse form that uses the words of the first line to begin the subsequent lines. The elements of the Emmett are: a pentastich, a poem in 5 lines. L1 is made up of 5 words. Other than the first line, line length and meter are at the discretion of the poet. each line begins with the correlating word of the first line. L2 begins with the 2nd word of L1, L3 begins with the 3rd word of L1, L4 begins with the 4th word of L1 and L5 begins with the 5th word of L1. rhymed, rhyme scheme abbab Breakers Enormous waves pound West Coast waves towering 42 feet pound and repeat west of Cali’s boast coastal mountains elite. ~~Judi Van Gorder Entwined is an invented stanzaic form created by Mary Lou Healy utilizing a linking rhyme. The elements of the Entwined are: stanzaic, written in 3 or more quintains (5 lined stanzas). metered, all lines are iambic trimeter. rhymed, envelope rhyme using L3 of each stanza to link to the next stanza in L1 and L5. The last stanza should link L3 to L1 and L5 of the first stanza. abcba cdedc efgfe ghahg Example Poem Folded Sonnet invented by Barry Hopkins has a cloudy description and I don't see enough to include it as a true sonnet. The elements of the Folded Sonnet are: a dodecastich, a 12 line poem. (However the poet has the option of writing any number of lines between 10 and 17 lines. metric, iambic heptameter. (7 metric feet) rhymed, rhymed couplets or whatever suits the poet. pivot L 9 Gemstone invented by Lisa Morris, is a relatively long poem, a verse form of 32 lines in meter and rhyme, the form is suitable for story telling. It is the rhyme scheme and changing meter of the octave that makes this form unique. The elements of the Gemstone are: a poem written in 4 octaves (8 line stanzas) each made up of 2 quatrains. Because there is no interlocking rhyme or refrain between octaves, the frame can be realized in 1 stanza and I imagine this could be considered stanzaic in that any number of octaves could be written at the discretion of the poet metric, iambic tetrameter except L2, L4 and L7 of each octave, which are iambic trimeter. rhymed, rhyme scheme ababccba dedeffed ghghiihg jkjkllkj, etc. Witches' Brew by Judi Van Gorder Hyper Sonnet is an invented sonnet form created Marnie Kanarek that turns on one rhyme. The elements of the Hyper Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 4 tercets followed by a couplet. metric, iambic each stanza has variable line lengths of L1 pentameter, L2 tetrameter, and L3 pentameter. The couplet iambic pentameter. rhymed. Rhyme scheme axa axa xaa xaa aa x being unrhymed. pivot at the discretion of the poet. Insane Cinquain is an invented form created by Amanda J. Norton, a.k.a. Dark Butterfly @ AllPoetry, that is a decastich made up of two cinquains with a unique syllabic pattern. The elements of the Insane Cinquain are: a decastich (10 line poem) made up of 2 cinquains (5 line stanzas). syllabic, S1 4-6-5-7-8 and S2 8-7-5-6-4 syllables per line. rhymed, rhyme scheme abxab cdxcd. Sunday Morning Six A,M, chill carried on the ocean mist, drenched divulgation, dampening my waking will to get up and tame my artist. So much to write, so much to do. But the comfort of our bed pulls me back under our downy quilt to you, to dream instead. ~~Judi Van Gorder Lazy Day Sonnet is an invented form created by Rebecca Kerr. Although it wasn't broken by stanzaic pattern in the description, I'm making the assumption the quatorzain is made up of 2 sestets because of the placement of the pivot. The elements of the Lazy Day Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 2 sestets. metric preferably iambic pentameter. rhymed, rhyme scheme aabbccd ddeeeff. pivot after L7. Marshalline Sonnet is an invented sonnet that employs feminine end words. It was created by Mairi Bheag at All Poetry. The elements of the Marshalline Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 3 quatrains followed by a couplet syllabic, all lines carry 9 syllables, iamb-iamb-iamb-amphibrach, falling or feminine end words. composed with the volta at or following L9 rhymed, rhyme scheme: abab cdcd efef gg, The Mononet is an invented form with alternate and internal rhyme, introduced by B Chandler. The elements of the Mononet are: stanzaic, written in 2 octaves followed by a couplet. syllabic, all lines are hendecasyllabic except L5 and L15 which are written in 2 hemistiches of 6 syllables each for a total of 12 syllables and L17 is 6 syllables. rhymed,turned on only 4 rhymes, abab(A-A)bab cdcd(C-C)dcD AD or abba(A-A)bba cdcc(D1-D1)dcD2 AD2. Lower case = rhyme, uppercase = rhymed refrain. composed with L5 and L15 written with a 6 syllable hemistich which is repeated in the same line creating a refrain with internal rhyme within the line. composed with the concluding couplet, a refrain, L17 is a repeat of one hemistich from L5 and L18 is the repeat of L16. x x x x x x x x x x a or x x x x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x x x x b x x x x x A x x x x x A x x x x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x x x d x x x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x x x d x x x x x C x x x x x C x x x x x x x x x x d x x x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x x x D x x x x x A x x x x x x x x x x D x x x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x x x x a x x x x x A x x x x x A x x x x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x x x d x x x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x x x c x x x x x D1x x x x x D1 x x x x x x x x x x d x x x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x x x D2 x x x x x A x x x x x x x x x x D2 Purely Hopeful is an invented form created by Jennifer L. Hedin and found at All Poetry.com. The elements of the Purely Hopeful are: Is a quatorzain, not a sonnet, made up of a quatrain followed by two tercets and ending in a quatrain. Syllabic, 9-8-7-6, 7-8-9, 9-8-7, 6-7-8-9 syllables per line. rhymed, abab cdc cdc fgfg. The Quadrilou is an invented form found at AllPoetry created by Mary Lou Healy appears to be an exercise in meter. The elements of the Quadrilou are: Stanzaic, written in 2 octaves, made up of 2 quatrains. Metric, the lines of each quatrain is iambic, measured by L1 = tetrameter or approximately 8 syllables. L2 = dimeter or approximately 4 syllables. L3 = trimeter or approximately 6 syllables. L4 = dimeter or approximately 4 syllables. Rhymed, rhyme does not change from octave to octave, abcdabcd abcdabcd. The Quaintrell is an invented stanzaic form created by DD Michaels at All Poetry. It was noted that a quaintrelle is a feminine version of the “dandy”. A woman overly concerned with her appearance, expressing her passion for leisure and “life’s pleasures" through her dress and deportment. This seems to be a variation on the Curtal Stanza from the 19th century wherein the quatrains are written in iambic pentameter except the 4th line which is iambic dimeter with a different rhyme scheme. The elements of the Quaintrell are: Stanzaic, written in 3 or more octaves made up 2 quatrains each. Metric, accentual syllabic, all lines are iambic tetrameter except L4 and L8 of each octave which are iambic trimeter. Syllable count 8 8 8 6 8 8 8 6 in each stanza. Rhymed, L3 and L7 carry internal rhyme, rhyme scheme a a (b-b) c d d (e-e) c // f f (g-g) h I I (j-j) h / . . etc. or a a b c d d e c // f f g h I i j h with the b, e, g & j lines internally rhymed. L3 xxxbxxxb L7 xxexxxxe The Curtailed Quaintrelle created by Marcy Jarvis and further developed by DD Michaels is an invented sonnet form. Curtailed apparently refers to the shortened line at the end of each quatrain. The elements of the Curtailed Quaintrelle Sonnet are: lyrical a quatorzain made up of 3 quatrains followed a couplet. metric, L1-L3 are iambic tetrameter and L4 is iambic trimeter in each quatrain. The couplet is iambic pentameter. . syllabic, L1-L3 of each quatrain are 8 syllables and L4 of each quatrain is 6 syllables; the couplet is made up of 8 syllable lines. rhymed, rhyme scheme aabc ddec ffgc hh. There is internal rhyme in L3 of each quatrain. Therefore the b, e & g rhyme is repeated within the line. L3 xxxbxxxb (And apparently you have the option of leaving the 4th line of the 3rd stanza unrhymed.) pivot optional. Ravenfly is an invented verse form created by Amanda J. Norton, (Darkbutterfly). The elements of the Ravenfly are: a decastich (poem in 10 lines), made up of 2 quatrains followed by a couplet. syllabic, 8-7-8-7 8-7-8-7 10-10. rhymed abab cdcd ee Where Doves Won't Fly by Judi Van Gorder RenRhyme is a recent invented form created by Renee Mathews Jackson that employs the lines of the first stanza as a refrain in the following stanzas. This was found at All Poetry. The elements of the RenRhyme are: Isosyllabic. All lines are the same number of syllables. The poem can either be written with all 8 line syllables or all 10 line syllables. A verse form, a poem in 12 lines made up of 3 quatrains. Written with the lines of the first quatrain repeated as a refrain in the following stanzas. L1 repeated as L2 in the 2nd stanza. L2 repeated as L2 in the 3rd stanza. L3 repeated as L4 in the 2nd stanza. L4 repeated as L4 in the 3rd stanza. Rhymed. Rhyme scheme A1B1A2B2 - c A1c A2 - d B1 d B2. The Rondel Grand is an invented stanzaic form with a refrain and appears to have nothing in common with the French Rondel. “Rondel“ from French meaning “small circle”. The invented form was created by Victoria Sutton at All Poetry. The elements of the Rondel Grand are: Stanzaic, written in 3 quintains or more. Syllabic, L1 – L4 are 8 syllables each and L5 is 6 syllables. Rhymed, rhyme scheme ababR cdcdR efefR etc. Written with a refrain. L5 of each stanza is a refrain repeated from stanza to stanza. The Royal Spiral is an invented verse form that employs a skewed version of the rentrament of the Rondeau in the 2nd and 3rd stanzas. This was found at All Poetry created by Mary Sullivan Boren. The elements of the Royal Spiral are: 20 line poem made up of 4 quintains. Metric, L1-L4 is iambic pentameter and L5 is iambic dimeter. Rhymed, rhyme scheme aabbc / ccdde / eeffg / gghhc. Composed with a rentrament in which the first 2 metric feet of S1-L1 is repeated as S2- L5 and S1-L5 is repeated in the first 2 metric feet of S3-L1. S1 r r r e x x x x x x a x x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x x x x b r r r c S2 x x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x x d x x x x x x x x x d r r r e S3 r r r c x x x x x e x x x x x x x x x e x x x x x x x x x f x x x x x x x x x f x x x g S4 x x x x x x x x x g x x x x x x x x x g x x x x x x x x x h x x x x x x x x x h x x x c Schwim's Sonnet is an invented sonnet form in only 13 lines. Created by W.W. Schwim stating "the closing line is tertious (third) paeonic catalectic" Huh? Sorry that doesn't make sense to me in connection with the line in the example poems The elements of the Schwim Sonnet are: 3 quatrains followed by a single stich. metric, the quatrains are iambic pentameter, the closing single line is anapest-iamb-iamb-anapest, dadaDUM / daDUM / daDUM / dada DUM. rhymed, (a/a)b(c/c)d (e/e)b(f/f)d (g/g)b(h/h)d d with the odd numbered lines of the quatrains carrying internal rhyme at the 2nd metric foot with the end word. pivot at the last line. A Calendary Rose by Lawrence Eberhardt The Serenity Refrain is a little like the Quatern with a tumbling refrain. This invented verse form was created by Billie Jean Murchinson, found at All Poetry. The elements of the Serenity Refrain are: A poem in 30 lines made up 6 quintains. Syllabic, 7 syllables per line. Rhymed, scheme Rhyme Scheme: A1A2B1B2A3 / aA1cca / ddA1ad / eeaA1e / aaffA1 / A1A2B1B2A3. Written with a tumbling refrain L1-S1tumbling down to L2-S2, L3-S3, L4-S4, and L5-S5. The final stanza, S6 is simply a repetition of S1 The Signature Sonnet is another invented sonnet pretender in 3 quintains also introduced by B Chandler. The elements of the Signature Sonnet are: stanzaic, written in 3 quintains. metric, written in iambic tetrameter. rhymed, turned on only 2 rhymes aabba bbaab ababa Looking for Friends by Lawrence Eberhart @ Every Sonnet The Shanzi is an invented verse form created by Andreas Gripp of London Ontario and found on Lawrencealot’s blog. The form is a kind of expanded haiku. The elements of the Shanzi are: A verse form written in 7 lines, 2 uneven couplets followed by a tercet, Syllabic, 4-5 / 5-4 / 4-4-5 syllables per line. Unrhymed. Title at the discretion of poet Constructed with: L1-L2 Introduce the subject L3-L4 “amplifies” the image or subject. L5-L7 provide a parallel image to inspire meditation. Shoe Laces is an invented verse form "spontaneously" created by Michael Fantina, aka Eusebius on Allpoetry. Michael simply wrote a poem, creating the frame to fit his message which would make this a nonce form until someone else read it and copied it and gave it a name. Now there are many "Shoe Laces" out on the internet. This is how most "classic" forms developed. Poets just creating a frame to fit their poem and someone else emulating the frame and recognizing it by assigning a name. The elements of Shoe Laces are: a poem in 11 lines. metric, iambic, alternating tetrameter lines with monometer lines, ending with a tetrameter line. rhymed, rhyme scheme abbacddcxee x being unrhymed.
  7. Tinker

    SciFaiku

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms The SciFaiku is what the name implies, science fiction haiku an invented verse form introduced by Tom Brinck in 1995. Scifaiku combines science fiction themes with some of the elements of the haiku. The elements of the Scifaiku are: minimal, in the moment with human insight. written with a haiku frame, normally, 17 syllables or less. The poem can be written in the classic 3 lines of 5-7-5 or a variation of line and syllable count. (because of the nature of the subject some technical words could exceed the standard syllable count per line, therefore, as long as minimal amount of words and syllables are used to get the point across, there could be more or less than 17 syllables in the poem. composed of a single concept or image. written with "uncluttered and direct words". written in the moment. finding the Ah-ha, light bulb realization through the understanding of the possibilities of science. poets dance with words cyber ballroom fills with song line dancing in space -judi van gorder
  8. Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms Poetry Styles is a website that briefly explains the how-to of many classic verse forms and includes some invented forms that appear to have originated within its community of poets, especially the webmaster Christina Jussaume. Several of Christina's invented forms have some spiritual feature. I have found some of these forms on other sites. I also include them here. The Acronet is an invented verse form that appears to be a combination of an Acrostic and a Nonet, created by Patricia A Farnswort-Simpson in 2008. The elements of the Acronet are: a poem in 18 lines made up of 2 nine-line stanzas. syllabic, 9-8-7-6-5-4-3-2-1 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9 syllables per line. rhymed at the discretion of the poet. an acrostic, the first letter of each line when read vertically spells out a phrase. The American 767 is an invented verse form that requires a "bug" (I am assuming bug refers to an insect rather than a listening devise) be named within the frame of the poem. It was created by Dennis L. Dean. The elements of the American 767 are: a tristich, a poem in 3 lines. syllabic, 7-6-7 syllables per line. unrhymed. written with the name of a "bug" in it. Queen Bee by Judi Van Gorder Summer’s Eve by Judi Van Gorder Early Spring the Bumblebee buzzes round and about her preference blue blossoms. The Aquarian is a stanzaic form which is pretty simplistic. It was created by A Marie Mazz. The elements of the Aquarian are: stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains. syllabic, 2-4-6-2 syllables per line. unrhymed. Thanks for the Rain by Judi Van Gorder Burned by Judi Van Gorder Notice! An agent burned, unprotected, alone, a threat. The Bev-A-Lyn Rhyme is an invented syllabic form created by Chazz Combs. The elements of the Bev-A-Lyn Rhyme are: a poem in 12 lines made up of 3 triplets each followed by a single line. syllabic, 5-7-9 2 14-14-11 2 9-7-5 2 syllables per line. rhymed, aaa x bbb x ccc x - x being unrhymed. The Brady's Touch is an invented verse form with a strict syllabic pattern, created by Maryann Merriweather-Travis. The elements of the Brady's Touch are: a decastich, made up of 2 quintains. syllabic, 9-9-8-8-2 9-9-8-8-2. rhymed, rhyme scheme abxcd abxcd. x being unrhymed. And It Keeps On Coming by Judi Van Gorder The Candlelight is an invented verse form that may have been meant as a shape poem, although I can't visualize a candle in this frame. It was introduced by Christina Jussaume. The elements of the Candlelight are: a poem in 17 lines. syllabic, 5-5-5-4-4-3-2-2-2-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-7 syllables per line, centered on the page. rhymed aabbccxxxxxxxxxxxx x being unrhymed. Chazz Effect is an invented verse form emphasizing one single syllable word by including that word in each line of the poem. Introduced by Chazz Combs. The elements of the Chazz Effect are: a poem in 8 lines. syllabic, 14-10-9-7-5-3-2-2-1 syllables per line. rhymed, aabbccddx x being unrhymed and the focus word of the poem. Christina's View is an Acrostic invented verse in the frame of 5 classic triplets. It was introduced by Christina Jussaume who recommends the first letter of the first six lines spell CHRIST, spelling out any word or phrase works too. The elements of Christina's View are: stanzaic, written in any number of triplets. syllabic, all lines are 8 syllables. rhymed, aaa bbb ccc etc. an acrostic, it is recommended the first letter of the first six lines spell out CHRIST. Converse in Couplets is an invented stanzaic form that emulates a Conversation Poem or dialogue in rhymed couplets. John Henson introduced this form at Poetry Styles. This could fall under the genre of a French Débat or Eclogue Débat with a prescribed stanzaic form. Shadow Poetry.com expands this form shortening the name to Con-Verse to change the syllabic count of the couplets. The elements of Converse in Couplets are: stanzaic, written in any number of couplets. syllabic, all lines are 11 syllables. At ShadowPoetry.com's Con-Verse syllable count is changed to 7-7 8-8 9-9 10-10 11-11 and is attributed to Connie Marcum Wong. rhymed, aa bb cc dd ee. a conversation between at least 2 voices. The Age Old Story by Judi Van Gorder I got caught in the hall without a hall-pass, my practice ran late, then I ran out of gas You were told before to be home by seven and no excuses pave the road to heaven. I would have called but you do not understand things didn't play out the way that I planned. It's the third time this week that you've come home late. You could be dead in a ditch while I fret and wait. Distorted Diablo is an invented verse form that plays with the biblical devil's number 666 and distorts by flipping the middle number upside down to get 696. Created by Pat Simpson, I think the content is meant to follow the theme of the numbers. The elements of the Distorted Diablo are: stanzaic, a sixain, a line stanza, a sixain, in that order. syllabic, both sixains are written with 6 syllables per line and the 9 line stanza is written with 9 syllables per line. rhymed at the discretion of the poet. Eleventh Power is an invented stanzaic form introduced by Christina Jussaume who requests the subject be uplifting. The elements of the Eleventh Power are: stanzaic, written in any number of 11 line stanzas. syllabic, 11 syllables each. rhymed, rhyme scheme abababccddd or ababababccc. Ten Plus One More by Judi Van Gorder The Lilibonelle is an invented verse form found on the internet at Poetry Styles and a couple of other sites. The first line of the poem is repeated as the last line of the poem and subsequent lines of the first stanza in sequence become the first line of each following stanza. The elements of the Lilibonelle are: a poem in 16 lines, made up of 4 quatrains. metered at the discretion of the poet. composed with L1 repeated as L16 and the subsequent lines of the first stanza establishing the first line of each following stanza in sequence. L2 repeated as L5, L3 repeated as L11 and L4 repeated as L13. rhymed AB1CB2 B1dxd Cexe B2axA. x being unrhymed. The Octaz Rhyme is a simple invented verse form introduced by Chazz Combs. The defining feature of this form is the unique syllable count of the lines. The elements of the Octaz Rhyme are: an octastich, a poem in 8 lines. syllabic, 3-5-8-10-7-5-4-2 syllables per line. rhymed, abbccdda. centered on the page. The Pirouette is an invented verse form on which I could find no information on its origin or intent. The elements of the Pirouette are: a decastich, a poem in 10 lines. syllabic, 6 syllables per line. L5 is repeated in L6. rhymed or unrhymed at the discretion of the poet. The Plane 9/11 is an invented form created by John W Henson. Obviously, it is meant as a memorial to September 11, 2001, the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon and hijacking of Flight 93. The elements of the Plane 9/11 are: stanzaic, written with a 9 line stanza, a tercet, a 9 line stanza, and a single line, in that order. syllabic, 1-1-2-2-2-2-2-2-2 11-11-11 2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-1 11, rhymed, abbccddee ffg hhiijjkka g. Spirit's Vessel is a variation of the Acrostic. The creator Christina R Jussaume requests the content of the form be spiritual and uplifting. The elements of the Spirit's Vessel are: a poem in 18 lines, made up of 3 sixains. metered at the discretion of the poet. rhymed at the discretion of the poet. written with the letters of VESSEL OF OUR (6 letter word of the poet's choice) beginning the sequential lines of the poem. The Tigerjade is an invented stanzaic form introduced by Jacqueline Sturge. In researching the name, I found Tiger Jade the name of a freighter in the Bengal Tiger line. The name could also refer to jewelry, a jade tiger. The elements of the Tigerjade are: stanzaic, written in any number of octaves. syllabic, 3-3-12-12-12-12-3-3 syllables per line. rhymed, aabbccdd eeffgghh etc. Tina's ZigZag Rhyme is an invented verse form with unusual placement of rhymed words. It was introduced by Christina Jussaume who requests the content be uplifting or spiritual. The elements of Tina's ZigZag Rhyme are: stanzaic, a combination of a sestet, a couplet refrain, a quatrain, a couplet refrain, and a quatrain, in that order. Any number of couplets and quatrains may be continued as long as they alternate. syllabic, 8 syllables per line. composed with a refrain, L1 & L2 are repeated as a couplet refrain between stanzas. rhymed in couplets but the placement of the rhyme is a little different. L1&L2 which are also the couplet refrain between stanzas is head rhymed. L3&L4 and subsequently the first 2 lines of each quatrain are rhymed in the middle of the line and L5&L6 are end-rhymed along with the subsequent last 2 lines of the quatrain. x x x x x x x A x x x x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x c A x x x x x x x A x x x x x x x x x x x d x x x x x x d x x x x x x x x x x x e x x x x x x x e A x x x x x x x A x x x x x x x Triname Acrostic is a combination Compound Acrostic and a Mesostich. It was introduced by Patricia A Farnsworth-Simpson. The title should be the same as the word spelled in the left margin. The elements of the Triname are: strophic, the number of lines written at the discretion of the poet. metered at the poet's discretion. unrhymed. composed with words spelled out by the first letter at left margin, the center and the right margin of the poem. Sweet Kitty Sx xx Kxx xP Wxx xI xxU Ex T xxxR E xxxTxx xR Tx Y xxxS The Whitney is a simple invented verse form introduced by Betty Ann Whitney. The elements of the Whitney are: a heptastich, a poem in 7 lines. syllabic, 3-4-3-4-3-4-7 syllables per line. unrhymed.
  9. Tinker

    Villonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms The Villonnet is another hybrid form created by D. Allen Jenkins and found at Shadow Poetry. This is a recent invented form which is designed to be a cross between a Villanelle and Sonnet. The elements of the Villonnet are: a poem in 15 lines, made up of 3 quatrains followed by a tercet. metric, iambic pentameter. rhymed, either keeping the 2 rhymes of the Villanelle or eliminating the second rhyme of the Villanelle and rhyming only the anterior lines of the stanzas. A¹bbA² abbA¹ abbA² A¹bA² or A¹xxA² axxA¹ axxA² A¹xA² x being unrhymed or you could go off the reservation and A¹bbA² accA¹ addA² A¹bA² L1 is repeated as L8 andL13 and L4 is repeated as L12 and L15.
  10. Tinker

    Atarlis Fileata

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms Irish Verse Atarlis Fileata (a-ar-lee fee-lay-ah-tay), which is Gaelic for "repeating poetic" is a stanzaic verse which doesn't seem to adhere to the standards of the ancient Irish forms. So I can only assume this is a more recent invented form, possibly the creation of Cathy at Mosaic Musings although she doesn't indicate it as such. The elements of the Atarlis Fileata are: stanzaic, written in any number of septets but each septet must be able to stand alone, therefore a narrative would not be appropriate. measured by number of words not syllables or metric feet with 2-3-4-5-4-3-2 words per line. rhymed, A B a x a B A. composed with a refrain, L1 is repeated as L7 and L2 is repeated as L6, Heat of Autumn by Judi Van Gorder Colors turn warm my view while damp leaves burn and toast my frigid fingers send thoughts to churn warm my view colors turn
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    Terzanelle

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms The Terzanelle is a verse form which is a cross between a Terza Rima and a Villanelle. Both the Italian and the French have been given credit for this form probably because of the original forms. However, it appears to have been the creation of “Forms Guru”, Lewis Turco. It merges the interlocking tercets with the tumbling repeated lines. The elements of the Terzanelle are: a poem in 19 lines made up of 5 tercets and ends with a quatrain. metered, most commonly iambic pentameter however if you stray, lines should be of equal length. rhymed A1BA2 bCB cDC dED eFE fA1FA2. Caps are repeated lines. L1 is repeated in L17, L2 is repeated in L6, L3 repeated L19, L5 repeated in L9, L8 repeated in L12, L11 repeated in L18.
  12. Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms I found a few invented forms which appear to be exclusive to The Study and Writing of Poetry; American Women Poets Discuss Their Craft, 1983. The book is a collection of essays from 50 American women poets, each essay provides insights into a multitude of topics from poetic genres, stanzaic forms, to writing techniques. This book provided some additional insights and background information on several stanzaic forms that I thought I had researched fully. I liked this book, it pays attention to the details. The Anna was invented in honor of Arkansas, poet and news columnist, Anna Nash Yarbrough by James R. Gray of California. This creator suggests the theme for this metric verse be love. The elements of the Anna are: a heptastich, a poem in 7 lines. metric, iambic pattern, L1 dimeter, L2 trimeter, L3 tetrameter, L4 pentameter, L5 tetrameter, L6 trimeter and L7 dimeter. unrhymed. Blush of Love by Judi Van Gorder In love with love we rushed to share our bodies, our dreams and souls with each other. Before our God we pledged our hearts and minds to honor til our very last breath. No clue how life in time can change the blush. The Burtonelle is a style of writing more than a form. At first glance, I thought this the same as a Cleave or Trigee but this technique produces only one poem, not three in one as those forms do. It was introduced by poet, novelist and educator, Wilma W Burton who takes credit only for labeling the technique and writing a poem a day in this style in the Bicentennial year 1976. Her discipline of writing a poem a day in a bound journal has continued well over 20 years and is an exercise she recommends for all aspiring poets. The Burtonelle is a poem written in two sections side by side with caesura in the form of a uniform space between the two columns or sides. Punctuation, caps, and meter are at the poet's discretion. The Cinquo is a half Crapsey Cinquain. The elements of the Cinquo are: a pentastich, a poem in 5 lines. syllabic, 1-2-3-4-1 syllables per line. unrhymed. Favored by jvg pear apple banana watermelon grapes The Ercil is an invented form introduced by James Gray, created in honor of Arkansas poet, Ercil Brown. This seems to me to be an exercise in meter. The elements of the Ercil are: a decastich, poem in 10 lines. metric, iambic pattern, L1 &L5 dimeter, L2,L6,L9 & L10 trimeter, L3 & L7 tetrameter and L4 & L8 pentameter. rhymed ababcdcdee. The Fantasy is a visually attractive form because of the fixed pattern of indentation. It was created by Miami poet, Irene Gramling. The tone can range from romantic to a rant. The elements of the Fantasy are a poem in 20 lines, made up of a septet, a sixain, and a septet, in that order. syllabic, all lines are 4 syllables each except L3 of each stanza. rhymed, scheme abccaba deffed gghhiii. composed with an indentation in L2-L6 and L9-L12. L2,L6,L9 & L12 indented 2 spaces, L3,L5,L10 & L12 are indented 3 spaces and L4 is indented 4 spaces. L1,L7,L8,L13-L20 are not indented. The Grayette is an invented verse form created by James R Gray of Commerce, California. The elements of the Grayette are: a poem in 12 lines. metric, iambic L1,L6,L7 and L12 are monometer, L2, L5,L8 and L11 are dimeter, L3, L4, L9 and L10 are tetrameter. rhymed, x a b a x b x c d c x d, - x being unrhymed. x x x x x a x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x a x x x x x b x x x x x c x x x x x x x d x x x x x x x c x x x x x d The Orvillette is an invented verse form created by Virginia Noble as a tribute to her son, Orville, a disabled World War II paratrooper. The elements of the Orvillette are: a verse form, written in 4 quatrains, a poem in 16 lines. metered, iambic tetrameter. composed with a refrain and a rentrament. L1 is repeated as L1 in each quatrain. The first 3 syllables of L4 are repeated as the first 3 syllables of L4 in each quatrain. rhymed, Raba Rcbc Rdbd Rebe. L3 of each stanza carries a linking rhyme between stanzas. x x x x x x x R x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x b r r r x x x x a x x x x x x x R x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x b r r r x x x x c etc. The Octo is an invented syllabic verse form introduced by James Neille Northe. The elements of the Octo are: an octastich, a poem in 8 lines. syllabic, all lines are 8 syllables each. rhymed ABCxxCBA, x being unrhymed. written with L1 repeated as L8, L2 repeated as L7 and L3 repeated as L6. The Onda Mel is an invented verse form introduced by Renelda Gibson. The elements of the Onda Mel are: an octastich, a poem in 8 lines made up of 2 quatrains. syllabic, 8-4-4-8-8-4-4-8 syllables per line. rhymed abbacddc. Politics by Judi Van Gorder Politics have never drawn me Over my head Put me to bed Always multiple sides to see But now I can't ignore the pull Fear and anger rise Daily surprise So much info, mind is full The Oriental Octet is an invented verse form that appears to emulate the syllabic pattern of the tanka and haiku. It was created by James R. Gray who requests the theme of the poem be nature. The elements of the Oriental Octet are: an octastich, a poem in 8 lines. syllabic, 5-7-5-7-7-5-7-5 syllables per line. unrhymed. The Drummer by Judi Van Gorder I can hear the beat dropping from the heavy clouds fat full orbs of rain splashing on the window glass Wind chimes in its melody and whips the water's fall in rhythms only played by God I can feel the beat. The Shadorma is a simple syllabic verse form created by James Neill Northe that is most effective when written using strong words or phrases. The elements of the Shadorma are: a hexastich, a poem in 6 lines although you certainly could choose to write any number of sixains in this syllabic pattern. syllabic, 3-5-3-3-7-5 syllables per line. unrhymed. The Tango is an invented stanzaic form introduced by Chiquita LoJuana Gonzolas Sills. The elements of the Tango are: stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains. syllabic, 9-10-11-12 syllables per line. rhymed, xaxa xbxb etc. x being unrhymed. The Tripod is an invented verse form which has been used widely in Arkansas workshops. Created by Frances T. Brinkley who suggests the subject be relationships between men. The elements of the Tripod are: a pentastich, a poem in 5 lines but name implies the number 3 so it makes sense to me that this form should be expanded using 3 cinquains. syllabic, 3-6-9-6-3 syllables per line. unrhymed. Brothers by Judi Van Gorder Bonded by boredom punctuated with fear, born in a Humvee rattling through some Stone Age village called Amrut. Weapons aimed while scruffy children play in rubble from yesterday's air strike. Young soldiers in Kevlar watch shadows. No wheat fields or big city subways, the only thing like home is the guy next to you. Only he has your back.
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    Pleiades

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms The Pleiades is an invented form that can be found all over the internet including Shadow Poetry. It is named for the star cluster, Pleiades of which 6 of the stars are visible to the naked eye and others visible under the right conditions. The constellation was identified by Homer, 750 B.C. and named by the ancients as the seven sisters. The poetic form uses the numbers of the cluster and legend. It was introduced by Craig Tigerman, Sol Magazine lead editor and enhanced by haiku and tanka poet Hortensia Anderson. The elements of the Pleiades are: a heptastich, a poem in 7 lines. syllabic, each line is 6 syllables. titled with a single word. composed with each line beginning with the same letter as the beginning letter of the title. Unprepared Uneducated, but utter ignorance is unacceptable, don't underestimate an ulcer corroding the upper tier of office, utmost caution applies. ~~Judi Van Gorder
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    Rictameter

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms The Rictameter is a popular invented verse form that has popped up on the internet in the last decade. No one seems to take credit as the source. I did find that ShadowPoetry.com does have a slightly different element, in that the first and last 2 syllable word be the same. However, at various other sites, the first 2 syllables need not be a single word and the last 2 syllables need not be the same as the first 2 syllables. The elements of the Rictameter are: a 9 line poem. syllabic verse with graduated then diminishing number of syllables 2-4-6-8-10-8-6-4-2. optional: begin and end the poem with the same 2 syllable word or words. rhymed or unrhymed, if rhymed the scheme is at the discretion of the poet. suitable for light verse or a more serious tone. Listening by Judi Van Gorder 2-1-03 Silence, a hushed haven surrounds me with its song. An anthem of stillness, clean, clear, opening me to thoughtful reflection. Serene sounds of near nothingness rouse creativity, poetic tones emerge. Memo to Hotshot Judi Van Gorder 10/18/02 crackpot, what twisted thought brings you to stalk and slay without a care or least concern for the innocents you select to burn? to hide in search of unarmed prey will surely end some day and you in turn, forgot. in response to news reports of the New Jersey Sniper
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    Patrol Poem

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms The Patrol Poem "is an accentual verse poem in three stanzas of four lines each." Rex Allen Brewer invented the form in response to an exercise in group study of Poet’s Companion. It was an exercise to create a new form, distinct by meter, rhyme and use of poetic devices. I include it here because the form is musical and representative of one of many small poetic communities popping up on the internet. The elements of the Patrol Poem are: a 12 line poem made up of 3 quatrains. accentual verse, giving importance to stress count. There are 4 stresses in each of the 4 lines of the first quatrain, 3 stresses in each of the 4 lines of the second quatrain and the stress count alternates stresses from 4, 3, 4, 3 in the third quatrain. rhymed, rhyme scheme is xaxa xbxb xcxc. x being unrhymed. composed with repetition of words as a criteria of this form. In each quatrain 1 word is repeated 4 times, anaphora (repetition of the first word of the line) may be employed to accomplish this goal. Advice to a Beginning Poet-Writer by Rex Allen Brewer Listen to your broken heart my friend; listen as the old folks speak; listen to the jay's tall tale; listen and learn before you speak. Write the simple stuff; write the common tale; write barefoot poetry; write to shape a spell. Learn to write with Glory words, words that soar and fight. You want words that sing and shout, words that dance all night. With Apologies by Judi Van Gorder Late, again and again and again! Late for school, the bell has rung, late for work, a client waits, late for mass, the Kyrie sung. I’m always a step behind, time seems to slip away, I find too much to do. . . delay, delay, delay. I am even late in dreams, I rush to be on time, I vow to change, be punctual, forever an uphill climb.
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    Nonet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms The Nonet is a popular invented stanzaic form that can be found all over the internet. Both Poetry Base and Shadow Poetry feature it as well as several other poetic communities. The elements of the Nonet are: stanzaic, written in any number of 9 line stanzas. syllabic, 9-8-7-6-5-4-3-2-1 syllables per line. usually unrhymed. unidentified by judi van gorder tangled tight within brush and brambles crusted in grit and crushed dead leaves in a putrid pile of trash the color of clay mud a skeletal hand lying stone still suddenly flinches. Once
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    Mini-monoverse

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms The Mini-monoverse is a verse form with very short lines. Created by Emily Romano, this invented form can be found at several sites on the internet including Shadow Poetry and Poetic Constellations. The elements of the Mini-monoverse are: a decastich made up of 2 cinquains. A Double Min-monoverse is simply writing 4 cinquains. syllabic, 3 syllables each line. rhymed, each stanza is monorhymed. Rhyme scheme aaaaa bbbbb. If writing a Double Mini-monverse the rhyme scheme aaaaa bbbbb. A Double Mini-monoverse is aaaaa bbbbb ccccc ddddd. recommended as a narrative which I thought odd since longer lines usually are best for narratives. Once I tried the form my concerns were confirmed. Trite by Judi Van Gorder In the night sit to write, black on white a poem, Light Verse, not quite. In Rangoon, leggy lune trills a tune at the moon, word cartoon.
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    Mad Cow & Mad Calf

    Explore the Craft of Writing Light Verse In the Mad Cow, the rhyme scheme sets the tone. This pastoral verse form invented by American Sebastian "Duke" Delorange, found at Poetry Base, is a perfect candidate for "Light Verse". The elements of the Mad Cow are: is a poem in 35 lines made up of 7 cinquains? metric, alexandrine lines, iambic hexameter (6 metric feet) lines with midline caesura. rhymed, rhyme scheme ababc cdede fgfgh hijij klklm mnono eieio. (for those not familiar with the nursery rhyme, "Old Mac Donald had a farm e i e i o. And on that farm he had a cow e i e i o. With a moo moo here and a moo moo there. Here a moo, there a moo, e i e i o0" pastoral, to go along with it's name, the poem should include an idylic country setting. The Mad Calf is just a baby Mad Cow, also invented by Delorange at Poetry Base, this verse form is a simpler shorter version of its parent. The elements of the Mad Calf are: a poem in 20 lines made up of 4 cinquains. syllabic, each line 6 syllables. rhyme, rhyme scheme abcde fghij klmno eieio. which in reality would be xxxxe xxxix xxxxo eieio, x being unrhymed. pastoral.
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    Jeffrey's Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart Jeffrey's Sonnet is a recent verse form invented by Scott J Alcorn. My guess is either the middle intital "J." in Scott J. Alcorn stands for Jeffrey, or this sonnet frame is named for the title or subject of a poem written by Alcorn. It appears the form varies from the metric pattern of most sonnets and has a unique rhyme scheme. The elements of the Jeffrey's Sonnet are: a quatorzain, made up of 2 sestets followed by a couplet. syllabic, 8 syllables per line. rhymed, rhyme scheme aabccb ddeffe ge . There is internal cross rhyme within syllables 2 thru 4 of L7, L13 & L14. composed with no suggested criteria for a pivot although it appears to occur between the sestets, leaving the end couplet as a summary. x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x b x x x b x x x d x x x x x x x d x x x x x x x e x x x x x x x f x x x x x x x f x x x x x x x e x x e x x x x g x x x g x x x e
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    Hexaduad & Inverted Hexaduad

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms The Hexaduad is a syllabic rhymed verse form. One internet site states that this is an old English form but provides no history or example of the origin. Because counting syllables is not typical of old English writing and since I could find no evidence of this form in any of my many resources other than on a few internet sites, I suspect the Hexaduad is in fact a fairly recent invented form. The elements of the Hexaduad are: a poem in 12 lines made up of 6 rhymed couplets. syllabic, the lines of the 1st couplet has 2 syllables 2nd couplet has 6 syllables 3rd couplet has 8 syllables 4th couplet has 4 syllables 5th couplet has 6 syllables 6th couplet has 4 syllables rhymed, rhyme scheme aa bb cc dd ee ff Pier 39 by Judi Van Gorder Hustle, bustle, curious tourists judge kiosks, gift shops and fudge Tee shirts, pearls and coins in a trunk seafood, ice cream, coffee and junk diners are fed sour dough bread while winds from the bay blow. sea lions steal the show, their day begun laze in the sun. The Inverted Hexaduad is a modification of the Hexaduad in that it separates the syllable count of the lines making the couplets irregular and the 1st and last couplets are the same lines inverted in order. The elements of the Inverted Hexaduad are: a poem in 12 lines made up of 6 irregular rhymed couplets. syllabic, the syllable count of the lines are 2, 6, 8, 4, 6, 4, 4, 6, 4, 8, 6, 2, in that order. rhymed, the rhyme scheme is AA bb cc dd ee AA. The first and last couplets are the same only inverted in order. x A x x x x x A x x x x x x x b x x x b x x x x x c x x x c x x x d x x x x x d x x x e x x x x x x x e x x x x x A x A
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    Harrisham Rhyme

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms Harrisham Rhyme is a recent invented verse form named for its creator, Harrisham Minhas from Punjab, India. The elements of the Harrisham Rhyme are: a hexastich, a poem in six lines. written with meter or syllable count at the discretion of the poet. rhymed, ababab. written with sort of chain at the beginning of each line. The last letter of the first word of each line is the first letter of the first word of the next line. The first word of the poem may begin with any letter. Morning Stillness by Judi Van Gorder Silence all around even the birds hold their tune not a barking dog can be found time ticks toward noon ending the morning without a sound genuine quiet will end too soon.
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    Mid Swap

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms The Mid-Swap is an invented verse form found at World of Poets and is attributed to Jenny Buzzard of England. The elements of the Mid-Swap are: an 18 line poem made up of 2 quatrains, a couplet, 2 more quatrains in that order. syllabic, lines of 8 syllables each. rhymed, A1abb ccdd A2A1 eeff - ggaA2 composed with 2 refrains. L1 is repeated as L10 and L9 is repeated as L18.
  23. Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Verse Forms Allitersen (Complex and Rhyming) - Here are some recent invented verse forms from India. Complex Alliterisen is an invented verse form originating in India. Udit Bhatia a student at Delhi Public School first created the form which can be found on-line at Shadow Poetry. It relies heavily on alliteration and carries a variable syllabic meter. The elements of the Complex Allitersen are: a heptastich, a poem in 7 lines. syllabic. The first line of the poem sets up the number of syllables for each subsequent line. L1,L6, and L7 are the same number of syllables. L1= x syllables L2= x + 2 syllables L3= x - 1 syllables L4= x + 1 syllables L5= x - 2 syllables L6= x syllables L7= x syllables alliterated. There must be 2 alliterations in each line. Rhyming Allitersen is also an invented verse form from the same source in India. Rhyme and consistency seem to be the focus of this verse form. The elements of the Rhyming Allitersen are: a heptastich. syllabic. All lines are 7 syllables. rhymed, rhyme scheme aabbccd. composed with one alliteration in each line. Playing Poet by Judi Van Gorder Papers pushed to corner spot without one important thought explored before being stashed leaving checkered checks uncashed. Sharp pencil and ball point pen, ready to write once again with words scratched upon a page.
  24. Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms The Etheree is a popular internet verse form, it can be found mentioned at most sites that provide verse form descriptions. It is a simple progressive syllabic verse. Attributed to American poet Etheree Taylor Armstrong, it can be found at Poetry Base and Shadow Poetry. The elements of the Etheree are: a decastich. (10 line poem) syllabic, 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10 syllables per line. unrhymed. focused on 1 idea or subject. Etheree by Judi Van Gorder One subject to explore within ten lines, each avoiding rhyme. Sequential syllables, numbers run from one to ten creating a staircase of words for the expectant reader to climb. A popular verse from the internet. Double Etheree is 2 Etherees back to back making up one poem. The syllable count is 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-10-9-8-7-6-5-4-3-2-1. Reverse Etheree is simply an Etheree turned upside down. The syllable count begins with 10 and sequentially runs thru 1. Twin Etheree is a doubling up on the lines of the Etheree and rhyming the couplets; this was introduced by Robert Crockett and found at Poetry Styles. The elements of the Twin Etheree are: a poem in 20 lines. syllabic, 1-1-2-2-3-3-4-4-5-5-6-6-7-7-8-8-9-9-10-10 syllables per line. rhymed, aabbccddeeffgghhiijj. The Andaree is an invented form similar to the Etheree accept it is always rhymed and it carries a diminishing then increasing syllable count. Created by Andrea Dietrich and found at Writers.com, the first line is repeated as the last line. The elements of the Andaree are: framed in 11 lines syllabic, L1 11 syllable and each line diminishes by 2 syllables until L6 which is only one syllable, then the lines increase by 2 syllables until L11 which is a repeat of L1 rhymed AabbcbcbbaA. composed with L1 repeated as L11. Lucky Charm Cliché it is to say I've lived a charmed life It's two times I've gone under the knife discarding threatening flesh the kind that won't mesh with good health Yes! what a wealth of chances, I'm blessed, taking on my days refreshed knowing that no one lives without strife Cliché it is to say I've lived a charmed life ~~Judi Van Gorder
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    Margeda

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms Margeda is an invented verse form that is an exercise in trochaic meter with head and tail rhyme. It is said to be adaptable to the "elfin, the grotesque, the ironic and to nature poems". ("nature poems" added at the end made me laugh) It is attributed to Edith Thompson and found in Pathways for a Poet by Viola Berg. I have also run into this form at various sites on the internet. The elements of the Margeda are: a quatorzain made up of 7 couplets that do not claim to be a sonnet. metered, written in trochaic tetrameter, the last foot is catalectic (drops the last unstressed syllable) Su/Su/Su/S. rhymed, the lines have both head and tail rhyme in rhyming couplets. a…b a…b c…d c…d e…f e…f g…h g….h i…j i…j k…l k…l m…n m…n
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