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  1. Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart English Verse Bowlesian Sonnet or Australian Sonnet is attributed to English poet, William Lisle Bowles (1762 -1850) whose book of 14 sonnets published in 1789 was heralded for its "simple sincerity" and expression of thought through appreciation for life and nature. His works carried a tender tone and have been described as melodious.Although Bowles was English and probably never travelled to Australia, his sonnets did. The honesty and serenity of his poems struck a chord in what was then England's penal colony and the form was eventually adopted by the Aussies as their own. Poet's Garret tells this story better than I. The elements of the Bowlesian Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 3 quatrains and a couplet. rhymed abba cddc effe gg. metric, iambic pentameter composed with the pivot or volta between the 9th and 13th lines. On hearing the Bells at Sea by William Lisle Bowles 1789 ow sweet the tuneful bells' responsive peal! As when at opening dawn the fragrant breeze Touches the trembling sense of pale disease, So piercing to my heart their force I feel. And hark! with lessening cadence now they fall, And now along the white and level tide They fling their melancholy music wide; Bidding me many a tender thought recall Of summer days, and those delightful years When by my native streams, in life's fair prime, The mournful magic of their mingling chime First waked my wondering childhood into tears! But seeming now, when all those days are o'er, The sounds of joy once heard and heard no more. Lavender A low persistent humming draws my ear. The honey bees have found a favored source and gather sipping nectar, intercourse with flowers said to wash away one's fear. I breathe the scent and rest my mind, content to dream of sweeter times of innocence when days were clear, no worries, no pretense. The grey-green leaves flare out as in consent, soft purple buds in spiral cones ascend and reach toward heaven's gate, amends assured. My journey there comes by the written word, a pilgrimage in lavender I've penned. I too am rooted to the earth that spins and know the source from where my dawn begins. ~~Judi Van Gorder 8-5-07 Trapped Confined within the hemisphere dispensedA stroke while forming in her mother's womb.A damaged global hub, commander's roomto signal body parts to function hence.The intellect and empathy are heldwithin its mass to compliment her lifeHer brain was halved as if 'twas sliced by knife.The living side stepped up, took charge, excelled.Born paralyzed, her arm and leg, dead fish,unknowns, her speech, her thoughts and so much more.But still her stubborn courage deigned to score,she fell and failed and tried again. Her wishto walk and talk and be like other kidsmade real, her body moves just as she bids. ~~Judi Van Gorder 7-22-19 Canadian Sonnet - Now here is where we get into the nuance of what is a stanza. A stanza is a thought unit in a specific number of lines surrounded by other thought units in a uniform pattern. (This could be an infinite number of combinations, such as 3 quatrains or 2 cinquains or a tercet, a couplet, a tercet, a couplet etc or as in the case of the 2 most popular sonnet forms, either a quatorzain made up of an octave followed by sestet or 3 quatrains followed by a couplet.) Remember these are thought units, however we often show the separation of these thought units with either a space on the page or with rhyme pattern such as ababcdcd which is an octave made up of 2 alternating rhymed quatrains, while abababab is simply an alternating rhymed octave and abab cdcd are 2 quatrains. Jose Rizal M Reyes of the Philippines took the Bowlesian Sonnet, changed the structure of the stanza pattern and called it the Canadian Sonnet. The elements of the Canadian Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 2 quatrains followed by 2 tercets metric, iambic pentameter rhymed, rhyme scheme abba cdcd eff egg pivot or volta L9 or after Today’s Best by Lawrence Eberhart The editor demands my very best with ocean’s depth and pictures for one’s mind. Let waterfalls of syllables combine while melodies of sounds they manifest. Just that and nothing less is all that’s asked. The pen is poised and pauses while I think – perhaps I scratch my beard and sip a drink, before returning, determined, to my task. Oh, hell! How often does one sit to write a piece of crap to merely fill a page? Real poets don’t do that in any age. We never set out trying to be trite. Our very best attempt are made in vain When mind’s creative cogs get clogged again. Next Wordsworth creates his own rhyme scheme for the Wordsworth Sonnet, Sonnet
  2. Tinker

    Wordsworth Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart English Verse English poet, William Wordsworth (1770-1850) is credited with being the leader of the romance movement in England. He sometimes wrote his poems in a series focused on a period of history or cultural event, often in sonnets. His Ecclesiastic Sonnets which chronicle the schism between the Catholic Church and the Church of England are typical of his endeavors. Most of his sonnets were written in the Petrarchan or Italian Sonnet form. However, there is one sonnet in which he created his own rhyme scheme, the criteria of which ultimately became known as the Wordsworth Sonnet. It is a sonnet about sonnets and appears to be a variation of the Petrarchan frame, with a little different rhyme. But where the Petrarchan sonnet makes its turn from conflict to solution between the octave and the sestet, this sonnet seems to pivot in the very last line. From the second line on, it becomes a kind of Catalogue poem or Blason making its case for the acceptance of the sonnet form. The octave-sestet structure is evident in the rhyme scheme but in fact L8 is enjambed and there really is no separation of thought from octave to sestet. It is a list of reason after reason why the sonnet is well deserved and in the last line there is a change of tone from praise to grief because there are too few. The elements of the Wordsworth Sonnet are: a quatorzain. Looking at the rhyme scheme only, one could say the quatorzain is made up of an octave of 2 envelope quatrains, an alternating rhyme quatrain and a rhymed couplet in that order. metered, iambic pentameter. rhymed abbaacca dede ff. written as a Catalogue poem. it is composed with the pivot or volta in the very last line. Scorn Not the Sonnet by William Wordsworth 1827 Scorn not the Sonnet; Critic, you have frowned, Mindless of its just honours; with this key Shakespeare unlocked his heart; the melody Of this small lute gave ease to Petrarch's wound; A thousand times this pip did Tasso sound; With it Camoens soothed an exile's grief; The Sonnet glittered a gay myrtle leaf Amid the cypress with which Dante crowned His visionary brow: a glow-worm lamp, It cheered mild Spenser, called from Faeryland To struggle through dark ways; and, when a damp Fell round the path of Milton, in his hand The Thing became a trumpet; whence he blew Soul-animating strains, alas, too few! America has its own unique sonnet form, the Blues Sonnet
  3. Tinker

    Redondilla Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart American Verse The Redondilla, Sonondilla, Napoleonic and the Sardine Sonnet are all the same invented sonnet form attributed to the American poet The Dread Poet Robert found at Poetry Base and a few other sites around the internet. It is named for the Redondilla because of the use of the Redondilla quatrain and I suppose it is called the Sardine because the rhyme scheme gives a packed feeling. The other names, I haven't a clue where they came from. The defining feature of this sonnet is the rhyme pattern and shortened meter. The elements of the Redondilla Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 2 Redondilla quatrains followed by an envelope sestet. syllabic, in keeping with the Redondilla, the lines are 8 syllables each. However the 8 syllables could also be interpreted as iambic tetrameter. rhymed, rhyme scheme either abba abba ccddcc or abba cddc eeffee.
  4. Tinker

    Cyhydedd Fer Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart Welsh Verse Features of the Welsh Meters Welsh Codified Divisions Cyhydedd Fer Sonnet probably didn't develop until long after the ancient Welsh Meters were codified. The first "sonnet" in Sicily did appear on the literary scene about the same time the Welsh Black Book of Carmarthen was written. However, the sonnet hadn't gained popularity and possibly even identity until a couple of centuries later with Francesco Petrarch's Love Sonnets to Laura. It is entirely possible, as Poet's Garret suggests, that a 7 couplet poem with pivot and resolution could have been composed in 6th century Wales, using the Cyhydedd Fer couplets but it is more probable that this is a recent innovation and not from Wales at all. This verse form seems to be a variation of the Couplet Sonnet using 8 syllable lines. The elements of the Cyhydedd Fer Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 7 couplets. syllabic, 8 syllable lines. rhymed, aabbccddeeffgg. composed with pivot between the 5th and 8th lines. Read an example of the verse form In Memory of ... by Rea
  5. Tinker

    Illini Sonnet / LuVailean Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart American Verse Invented Sonnet Forms Two invented sonnet forms were found in Pathways for a Poet by Viola Berg 1977. This book was written for teachers with contributions by teachers. The various forms were offered as learning exercises. The Illini Sonnet uses iambic tetrameter as well as pentameter to complete the quatorzain. Inventd by Nel Modglin who probably is connected to the University of Illinois in some way since "Illini" is the nickname connected to the school. The elements of the Illini Sonnet are: a quatorzain. metered, iambic - L1,L4,L5,L8,L9 and L12 are tetrameter and L2,L3,L6,L7,L10,L11,L13 and L14 are pentameter. rhymed, a b c a b c d b c d e c e e. composed with a pivot L8 and closed with summary couplet. The LuVailean Sonnet alternates pentameter and dimeter lines and finishes with a heroic couplet. It inventd by Lyra LuVaile. The elements of the LuVailean Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 7 couplets. metered, iambic - 6 couplets of alternating pentameter and dimeter lines and ending with a heroic couplet (rhymed iambic pentameter). rhymed, rhyme scheme ababcdcdefefgg.
  6. Tinker

    Unrhymed Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart English Verse The Unrhymed Sonnet appears as far back as 1664 when John Milton included 3 consecutive sonnets without rhyme in Book III of Paradise Lost, although W H Auden is often cited with having created the verse form in 1928 a few centuries later. The Unrhymed Sonnet is not to be confused with the Blank Verse Sonnet which is also unrhymed but written in iambic pentameter where the "Unrhymed Sonnet" is not written in an iambic pattern. The elements of the Unrhymed Sonnet are: a quatorzain, broken or unbroken into stanzas at the poet's discretion. metered, although it does not carry an iambic pattern it is written in accentual verse with 5 stresses per line. unrhymed. composed with a pivot where it would appear most naturally. The Secret Agent by Wystan Hugh Auden 1928 Control of the passes was, he saw, the key To this new district, but who would get it? He, the trained spy, had walked into the trap For a bogus guide, seduced by the old tricks. At Greenhearth was a fine site for a dam And easy power, had they pushed the rail Some stations nearer. They ignored his wires: The bridges were unbuilt and trouble coming. The street music seemed gracious now to one For weeks up in the desert. Woken by water Running away in the dark, he often had Reproached the night for a companion Dreamed of already. They would shoot, of course, Parting easily two that were never joined. In My Dotage by Judi Van Gorder I often wondered if life held big things for me, by some standards it has. By mine it was just my life, events and surroundings met with choices. Choices, ah there is the key, the only thing I could control. But even then some were good some not so good and in the end they were all part of the journey. You've heard all of this before. Nothing so profound, just common sense, these ramblings of mine are no new revelation. Would I make changes if I could go back? My first thought is, of course… then I remember it would have changed my passage and I would miss what came after. Oh no, I wouldn't want to miss what came after. No, not a moment of it.
  7. Tinker

    Kyrielle Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart French Verse Kyrielle Sonnet is a sonnet variation of the French stanzaic form Kyrielle. According to Poet's Garret , this verse form has been around since the Middle Ages, 15th century. Like most French verse especially the Lai family of forms, it is syllabic and has a refrain. Unlike the narrative Kyrielle, as a sonnet the piece should be a lyrical meditation. The elements of the Kyrielle Sonnet are: a 14 line poem made up of 3 quatrains and a couplet in that order. syllabic, 8 syllables per line. rhymed, rhyme scheme AabB ccbB ddbB AB or AbaB cbcB dbdB AB. composed with a refrain in the last line of each stanza. L1 is repeated as L13 and L4 is repeated as L8, L12 and L14. composed with no prescribed pivot however those that I have read usually pivot between the 2nd and 3rd quatrains. I Taste Your Essence by Ryter Roethicle Poet's Garret I taste your essence on my lips I sense you blowing on the wind Still feel you at my fingertips And see you smiling in my mind. At heavenly dust a passion grips Each night with dusk I feel a kind Of bond with you of honeyed sips And see you smiling in my mind. Soul and body freely flies anew My will unlocks and love unbinds A freer feeling of loving with you And see you smiling in my mind. I taste your essence on my lips And see you smiling in my mind.
  8. Tinker

    Heroic Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart English Verse The Heroic Sonnet departs from the quatorzain and stretches the verse for eighteen lines which could put into question whether or not it is a true sonnet. But, John Donne's The Token "sings" with the best of sonnets and convinced me this verse form easily qualifies. This longer sonnet form dates back to 16th century England. The elements of the Heroic Sonnet are: metric, iambic pentameter. a poem in 18 lines made up of 4 alternate rhymed quatrains and ending with a rhymed heroic couplet. rhymed, rhyme scheme ababcdcdefefghgh ii composed without designated arrival of the pivot, but the poem is summarized and concluded by the ending couplet. The Token by John Donne (1572-1631) Send me some token, that my hope may live, Or that my easeless thoughts may sleep and rest; Send me some honey to make sweet my hive, That in my passions I may hope the best. I beg no ribbon wrought with thine own hands, To knit our loves in the fantastic strain Of new-touched youth; nor ring to show the stands Of our affection, that as that's round and plain, So should our loves meet in simplicity; No, nor the corals which thy wrist enfold, Laced up together in congruity, To show our thoughts should rest in the same hold; No, nor thy picture, though most gracious, And most desired, because best like the best; Nor witty lines, which are most copious, Within the writings which thou hast addressed. Send me nor this, nor that, to increase my store, But swear thou think'st 'I love thee,' and no more. *Note: The term "Heroic Sonnet" isn't exclusive to the verse form described above. 17th century English poet John Milton wrote a series of Petrarchan Sonnets which are referred to as his Heroic Sonnets not because of the structure but because they were sonnets praising past heroics. In this case the term Heroic Sonnet refers more to the theme of the sonnets than the verse form. Sonnet 15 by John Milton (1608-1674) Fairfax,whose name in armes through Europe rings, Filling each mouth with envy, or with praise, And all her jealous monarchs with amaze, And rumors loud, that daunt remotest kings, Thy firm unshak'n vertue ever brings Victory home, though new rebellions raise Thir Hydra heads, & the false North displaies Her brok'n league, to impe their serpent wings. O yet a nobler task awaites thy hand; For what can Warrs, but endless Warr still breed, Till Truth, & Right from Violence be freed, And Public Faith cleard from the shamefull brand Of Public Fraud. In vain doth Valour bleed While Avarice, and Rapine share the land. Milton was not only busy with his "heroic sonnets", he also created a new sonnet form the Miltonic Sonnet
  9. Tinker

    Shadow Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart The Shadow Sonnet is a fairly recent invented form found at All Poetry.com and Shadow Poetry and was created by Amera M. Anderson. This sonnet uses homophonic word repetition at the start and finish of each line to create a shadow effect. The elements of the Shadow Sonnet are: metric, primarily iambic pentameter. It has also been described as decasyllabic which is the same length as iambic pentameter but gives a little wiggle room in placing the stressed and unstressed syllables. a quatorzain that may use the frame of any sonnet such as the Petrarchan, Shakespearean or Bowlesian. Example: if the Shakespearean Sonnet frame is used the quatorzain is made up of 3 alternating rhyme quatrains and ends in a rhymed couplet, rhyme scheme abab cdcd efef gg with a volta arriving late sometime after L9. composed with each line beginning and ending with the same word. composed with a pivot or volta.This schematic showing repetition of words syllable count and rhyme scheme is framed as a Shakespearean Sonnet. a1xxxxxxxxa1 b1xxxxxxxxb1 a2xxxxxxxxa2 b2xxxxxxxxb2 c1xxxxxxxxc1 d1xxxxxxxxd1 c2xxxxxxxxc2 d2xxxxxxxxd2 e1xxxxxxxxe1 f1xxxxxxxxf1 e2xxxxxxxxe2 f2xxxxxxxxf2 g1xxxxxxxxg1 g2xxxxxxxxg2 Spirit to Spirit by Amera M. Andersen (1st stanza) So many things have turned my spirit so. Yet I do resist and yield to it yet. Know that I give my strength for you to know. Forget you? Nay, I shall never forget.
  10. Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms Vole Central is the web site of UK educator and poet, Bob Newman where knowledge, skilled writing and humor are the perfect balance to deliver inspiration and a "how to" to countless students of poetry such as myself. Certainly Newman covers the basics of verse but he also has some unique and challenging forms which are exclusively on his web site. Some of the more intriguing are now also on this page. The Balanced Sonnet is noted as not a sonnet because it doesn't use the octave-sestet sonnet pattern but then technically neither does the Shakespearean sonnet. So as long as the poem sings in 14 lines with a pivot or turn somewhere within, I think one could call it a sonnet. This form was created by Barbara Dilworth. The elements of the Balanced Sonnet are: a quatorzain, made up of 2 California Rhyme Stanzas.. metered, iambic pentameter. rhymed, rhyme scheme ababcbc dedefdf. no placement of pivot prescribed. The Bina is an invented verse form created by Bob Newman at the Poetry By Way and found on the internet at his site and at Poetry Base . The Bina is a shortened variation of the Sestina. The elements of the Bina are: a pentastich. A poem in 5 lines. metered, predominantly iambic pentameter(or close). Lines are equal length. composed with end words limited to 2 words that are repeated in numerical sequence and one of the words appears internally in L5. Words 1-2-2-1-2 with word 1 appearing midway in L5 L1 ends with word #1 L2 ends with word #2 L3 ends with word #2 L4 ends with word #1 L5 midway word #1, ends with word #2. Here is an example of a poem written using the Bina frame and following two thematic poetic genres, Aubaude and Serenade. "Ades" Stiilis Bina(2 love poems for Joe D.) by DC Martinson Aubade Cleaving half the horizon, the morning sun cuts across the eyelid of the earth, and in a forever-moment the earth is outside of now: not dawn, not morning. Yet I'd crave You, my morning; You, my earth. Serenade Shuttering up the horizon, the night throes – heavy blanket on the face of earth, regardless of the weather on the earth. Yet shroud me with Your fibrous self this night and I'd succumb: You, my night; You, my earth. The California Rhymed Stanza is a septet used in the Balanced Sonnet but could be used as a stand alone poem or be written in any number of stanzas. It was created by Barbara Dilworth and introduced at Vol Central. The elements of the California Rhymed Stanza are: stanzaic, written in any number of septets, 7 line stanzas. metered or not at the discretion of the poet. (When used in a sonnet, in deference to the sonnet form, iambic pentameter would be my choice.) rhymed, scheme ababcbc. Decrina is a longer version of the Sestina attributed to Bob Neuman but I couldn't find it at his website Poetry By Way. I did find it at Poetry Base however. Having written a Sestina, I can't imagine why anyone would even consider attempting a longer version of the form. The elements of the Decrina are: stanzaic, ten 10 line stanzas with a 5 line envoy, a total of 105 lines. metered, lines of equal length, like the Sestina, iambic pentameter or iambic tetrameter. repeated end words in a specific pattern. (Numbers represent words) 0123456789 1357902468 3704815926 7419630852 4938271605 9876543210 8642097531 6295184073 2580369147 5061728394 I can only assume the envoy is like the Sestina with even #ed words midline and odd #ed words as end words. 0-9,8-7,6-5,4-3,2-1 Domino Rhyme is a very clever innovation of Bob Newman which can be found at his site as well as many others on the internet. Much like a slinky, rhymes tumble from stanza to stanza, it is something he calls "remote rhyming". The elements of the Domino Rhyme are: stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains. metered, written in a loose tetrameter. Lines should be same length. rhymed. L2 and L3 of the first stanza rhyme with L1 and L4 of the next stanza and so on down until the last stanza when L2 and L3 rhyme with L1 and L4 of the first stanza. abcd befc eghf gijh ... iadj. The Fifty Dollar Tomato by Judi Van Gorder The puSlogh vagh is a little something for the Star Trek fan. This stanzaic form, according to Bob Newman is a Klingon form. Apparently the Klingon language has only 5 vowel sounds. To preserve the Klingon spirit of the verse one should only use the short vowel sounds of a e i o u as in bag-beg-big-bog and bug. It is important to go by sound not spelling. You really should read Newman's description of the form for which I provide this link, Vol Central. I add no new insight, I am just passing on what I read there. The elements of the puSlogh vagh are: stanzaic, written in any number of cinquains. However until you speak Klingon fluently I recommend you stick with just one cinquain. isosyllabic, same number of syllables per line. The number of syllables is determined by the first line, it can be as few as 4 and as many as 10. composed with at least 2 "strongholds" within each line. The strong hold position is determined by the poet and established in the first line. A stronghold is specific syllabic positions for a repeated sound. In this case assonant rhyme. In other words, the vowel sound could be in the 3rd syllable of each line and 6th syllable of each line, or the 1st, 4th syllable and 6th syllable of each line. It could even be the 1st and 4th syllables with no end rhyme. etc.. written with a different key vowel in each line, the order of which is at the discretion of the poet. The vowel sound can be repeated once, twice or even more depending on the length of the line and inventiveness of the poet, but it must be repeated at least once in the strong hold position in each line. Here is an example, not great poetry but I'm just learning Klingon, so please forgive me. The strong hold is in the 3rd and 6th position of each line. The Hat and the Cat by Judi Van Gorder my cat smacked the straw hat then he saw the brown dog playing fetch with a net which he won having fun its no sin to win quick. The Scupham Sonnet is noted at Vol Central as not a "proper" sonnet, probably because of the lack of prescribed pivot. It was created by British poet Peter Scupham and uses the Scupham Stanza. The elements of the Scupham Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 2 Schupham stanzas (sixains) followed by a rhymed couplet. metered, iambic pentameter. rhymed, scheme abccba deffed gg. no prescribed place for a pivot but most good poetry naturally has a pivot or turn someplace within the poem. The Scupham Stanza is a sixain used in the Scupham Sonnet but which could be stand-alone poem or written in any number. It was created by British poet, Peter Scupham and is found at Vol Central. The elements of the Scupham stanza are: stanzaic, written in any number of sixains. metered or not at the discretion of the poet. (When using it in a sonnet, in deference to the form, iambic pentameter would be my choice.) rhymed, scheme abccba.
  11. Tinker

    Rainis Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart Latvian Verse Rainis Sonnet is a short meditation. Whether or not it is a true sonnet is up for debate. It is a lyrical meditation with a turn or volta, however it is shorter than the usual quatorzain of the sonnet. It is named for the Latvian philosopher and poet Janis Rainis (1868-1929) The elements of the Rainis Sonnet are: written in 9 lines made up of a quatrain, followed by a tercet ending with a couplet. metered, primarily iambic pentameter. rhymed, turned on only 3 rhymes. Rhyme scheme abab (cbc or cac) and (aa or bb or cc). written with the epiphany arriving in the tercet. Fire at the Core by Judi Van Gorder Religion can become a boring chore, a habit played back over many times. The righteous flame is snuffed beneath the score becoming mindless rote like nursery rhymes We struggle to renew the fire of faith and long to feel the thrill when hearing chimes that bid the faithful sing at Easter rathe. I will keep knocking on my Father's door convinced that truth and love dwell at the core. Yacht Club, Sunday Night by Tõnis Veenpere Now, in the muffled thump-thud-thump of after, a couple of Coasties, drinking, bump and grind; now, somewhere in a corner, nervous laughter hints at her words, which he was disinclined to listen to, to parse, or understand. While digging out a pearl, he soiled that oyster -- it's something that just happened, wasn't planned -- and now, it's getting harder to withstand not touching her; he's jealous of her hand.
  12. Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart Russian Verse Onegin Stanza and the Pushkin Sonnet are both named for and originate from Russian poet, Alexander Pushkin and his 1825 novel in verse, Eugenij Onegin. Each stanza in the book was originally meant to serve as a mini chapter. The two forms are sometimes thought to be the same but basically these are two different verse forms from the same origin, using the same physical frame but with different intent. In its original form, it is narrative. stanzaic, (written within the context of other stanzas) and does not necessarily take a turn or volta. Technically the stanza wouldn't qualify as a sonnet. But the frame written in a single quatorzain (14 Lines) in lyrical verse, exhibits a turn or volta, and as long as it "sings" certainly qualifies as a sonnet. Note: The book was made into the movie "Onegin" in 1999 staring Ralph Feines and Liv Tyler. The elements of the Onegin stanza are: a narrative. stanzaic, written in any number of quatorzians (14 lines)composed of 3 quatrains and a concluding couplet. The 1st quatrain, introduces the main idea, the 2nd and 3rd quatrains develop the idea and the couplet is often a witty or instructional conclusion. metered, iambic tetrameter. rhymed. The rhyme scheme allows 5 rhymes and is varied by quatrain. The 1st quatrain is alternating rhyme, the 2nd is sequential rhyme, the 3rd is envelope rhyme and the stanza concludes with a rhyming couplet. Rhyme scheme abab ccdd effe gg. In Russian the rhyme also appears in a feminine-masculine pattern adding tension between syntax and rhyme. The a c and e rhyme are feminine while the b d f and g rhymes are masculine. In English I have found the feminine/masculine end pattern is often ignored. If you choose to write with the rise and fall end rhyme pattern, it may be easier to add an extra unstressed syllable to the line with the feminine rhyme. (Note: The book was originally written in Russian, which better accommodates the specifics of the rhyme.) The elements of the Pushkin Sonnet are: lyrical written in a single quatorzian composed of 3 quatrains and a concluding couplet. The 1st quatrain, introduces the main idea, the 2nd and 3rd quatrains develop the idea and a concluding couplet. metered, iambic tetrameter. rhymed. The rhyme scheme allows 5 rhymes and is varied by quatrain. The 1st quatrain is alternating rhyme, the 2nd is sequential rhyme, the 3rd is envelope rhyme and the stanza concludes with a rhyming couplet. Rhyme scheme abab ccdd effe gg. As in the stanza, for the purist, feminine rhyme could be used on the a c and e rhymes. has a turn or volta somewhere after the 2nd quatrain. When written as a lyrical meditation in 14 lines the form is best referred to as the Pushkin Sonnet. Just Lately by Goeffrey Le Voguer Just lately my whole thoughts are turning to words I wish I'd said: before your out bound ship was churning its white wake to some distant shore. I should have listened to the anchor and chain: the groans, the squeals, the rancor of inferred pain. “This is a time that cares not for a lover's mind!” For without you a bleakness enters my life; a creeping fog to tease and cling like Spanish moss on trees. And all our might-have-beens are centered in its grey form, set to release ghosts of missed opportunities. When written as a narrative in stanzaic form of more than one stanza it is best referred to as the Onegin Stanza Shadows at Dawn by Judi Van Gorder To change direction of the past would alter who I am today. Eliminate regrets and cast vague shadows on my current stay. Those injured by my actions then would now be also changed from when this magic mending did occur, I wonder how the lines would blur. The boy I left, that broke his heart moved on to find a better mate. If I had stayed we'd play with fate and sadly skip our trials apart. It's best to leave things done and gone a better way to see the dawn. I gave up school and chose to wed, no college paper dons my wall, yet there is comfort in my bed and my career has been my call. With triple figures for my pay I still find time to love and play. Scholastic ventures can be found without a formal classroom bound. Should I return to former days, the sheepskin prize, I'd give a try but that would really be a lie, I liked the journey in the maze. It's best to leave things done and gone, a brighter way to see the dawn. Although this life is only lent I'm grateful for this home called earth. My autumn days have all been spent it was a blink to now from birth. I have matured, I will allow, the winter seems less frigid now. I'm happy with the choices made with lots to do before I fade. I'll leave a list of things undone, without the dreams there is no me, yet winter does not mean I flee. I walk a path to find the sun and strive to thrive until I'm gone and can no longer see the dawn.
  13. Tinker

    The Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Italian Verse Sonnet Comparison Chart The Sonnet, Italian sonnetto or Occitan sonet both meaning "little song" or "little sound" is a lyrical meditation. It is a verse form of which some variation can be found in almost all Western cultures and even a few Asian cultures. The sonnet often offers a conflict or question, and then works on a solution or answer, all within fourteen lines. There are two dominant sonnet forms, the Petrarchan or Italian Sonnet and the English or Shakespearean Sonnet. The other sonnet forms seem to be either variations of these or less known predecessors. There are even forms that call themselves sonnets but might not be true sonnets, usually because of lack of pivot or number of lines. The origin of the sonnet is said to have some uncertainty, though many believe it was born in the south of France or northern Italy, created by the troubadours who sang for the courts. The earliest "true" sonnet is credited to Giacomo da Lentini of the Sicilian court of Frederick II (1197-1250). Sonnet 43 from Songs of the Portugese by Elizabeth Barrett Browning How do I love thee? Let me count the ways. I love thee to the depth and breadth and height My soul can reach, when feeling out of sight For the ends of Being and ideal Grace. I love thee to the level of everyday's Most quiet need, by sun and candle-light. I love thee freely, as men strive for Right; I love thee purely, as they turn from Praise. I love thee with the passion put to use In my old griefs, and with my childhood's faith. I love thee with a love I seemed to lose With my lost saints!---I love thee with the breath, Smiles, tears, of all my life!---and, if God choose, I shall but love thee better after death. All sonnets should include these elements: a lyrical meditation. The sonnet should sing. usually composed with themes of love, spirituality, nature, sorrow or celebration. a quatorzain , (a poem in 14 lines). metric. In English, the sonnet is primarily written in iambic pentameter. rhymed. The rhyme scheme is one of the features that identify the individual sonnets. (The Unrhymed and Blank sonnets by name deliberately lack rhyme which technically would be a nonce unrhymed scheme.) See the Sonnet Comparison Chart. written with question-answer or conflict-resolution structure. composed with a turn or change in tone. It is the positioning of this pivot or volta that is also a defining feature of sonnet. Included in this section are the Sonnet Forms in approximate chronological order. 1. Sicilian Sonnet 2. Petrarchan or Italian Sonnet 3. Wyatt/Surrey Sonnet 4. Spenserian Sonnet 5. Shakespearean Sonnet 6. Alternating Sonnet 7. Blank Verse Sonnet 8. Caudate or Tailed Sonnet 9. Curtal or Curtailed Sonnet 10. Crown of Sonnets 11. Terza Rima or Diaspora Sonnet 12. Cornish Sonnet 13. Redondillia, or Napoleonic or Sardine Sonnet 14. French Sonnet 15. Bowlesian or Australian Sonnet 16. Beymorilin Sonnet 17. Wordsworth Sonnet 18. Blues Sonnet 19. Rainis Sonnet It is about here that I lose track of what came next. 20. Couplet Sonnet 21. Onegin Stanza or Pushkin Sonnet 22. The Heroic Sonnet 23. The Double Sonnet 24. Chained Sonnet 25. Alfred Dorn sonnet 26. Envelope Sonnet 27. Scupham Sonnet 28. Shadow Sonnet 29. Jeffrey's Sonnet 30. Arabian Sonnet 31. Kyrielle Sonnet 32. Asean Sonnet 33. Chandler Sonnet 34. Echo Sonnet 35. Signature Sonnet Outside Articles on the Sonnet The Sonnet at Poet's Garret a brief but comprehensive history of the sonnet. Art of the Sonnet The Sonnet Basic Sonnet Forms
  14. Tinker

    Sonnet Comparison Chart

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Note: I include in this chart All traditional and some not so traditional sonnet forms. Most of the sonnet forms on this chart have been established, recognized forms used over centuries or at least decades. The hundreds of internet "invented sonnet forms" or "gadget sonnets" I do not include here but they can be found on posts within this forum. I chose not to include them on this chart for space and sanity's sake. I also view them more as traditional forms being tweaked to slightly change an element and the inventor assigning a name to the frame. Unless that same "tweak" is emulated by many others over time, they are really just nonce forms, interesting, but not established sonnet forms. Name Composition Rhyme & Meter Pivot or Volta Alfred Dorn sonnet 20th century American invented Italian sestet followed by a rhymed couplet and a Sicilian sestet in that order abcabc dd aeaeae, iambic pentameter arrives in the 2nd sestet Alternating Sonnet alternating quatrains & tercets abba ccd abba ede or ccd abba ede abba iambic pentameter L8, L11 or L12. Arabian Sonnet invented 2 quatrains 2 tercets aaaa bbbb ccc ddd iambic pentameter 9th line Arabian Onegin Sonnet invented 2 quatrains 2 tercets AaAa BBbb CcC DDd, iambic pentameter 9th line Asean Sonnet or Asean Royal Flush Sonnet , invented octave followed by sestet mono-rhymed aaaaaaaaaaaaaa iambic pentameter Turns in the 9th line. Balanced Sonnet 2 septets ababcbc dedefdf iambic pentameter invented no pivot prescribed. Bardic Sonnet, invented 3 quatrains 1 couplet abab cdcd efef gg interlaced true rhyme abab cdcd efef gg consonant end rhyme late in sonnet Beymorilin Sonnet 20th century Slavic 3 quatrains followed by a couplet abab cdcd efef gg internal rhyme at 2nd or 3rd syllable same as end rhyme iambic pentameter Deep into sonnet, sometime after 2nd quatrain, arrives as a sudden twist Blank Verse Sonnet 14 lines unrhymed iambic pentameter narrative not lyrical Blues Sonnet 19th century American 4 blues stanzas followed by a heroic couplet AAa BBb CCc DDd ee, Strangely, iambic pentameter Some say not a true sonnet, no designated pivot Bowlesian Sonnet 20th century England 3 quatrains followed by heroic couplet abba cddc effe gg Between L9 & L13 Caudate or Tailed Sonnet 16th century Italian 17 to 24 lines, a Petrarchan sonnetfollowed by 1 or more 1/2 lines followed by a heroic couplet abbaabbacdcdcd dee cff fgg giambic pentameter tail line iambic trimeter slowly after L8 Chained Sonnet a quatorzain, using any sonnet form, each line begins with the end word of the previous line Rhyme of selected sonnet form Iambic pentameter Pivot of selected sonnet Cornish Sonnet 17thcentury England 2 septets made up of 2 tercets followed by a couplet refrain rhyme Abacbc Dedfef AD or abacbC dedfeF CF lines of equal length between L9 -L12 Couplet Sonnet 7 heroic couplets aa bb cc dd ee ff gg iambic pentameter at the poet's discretion. Crown of Sonnets 7 Petrarchan Sonnet linked by the last line of proceeding sonnet beginning the next sonnet. L14 of the 7th sonnet is L1 of the 1st sonnet. abbaabbacdecde or cdccdc or cdcdcd iambic pentameter rhyme should change from sonnet to sonnet Unravels slowly between octave and sestet Curtal Sonnet England 19th century Petrarchan sonnet shortened 3/4 proportionately to a sixain followed by a quatrain followed by a half line abcabc defde L1-L10 iambic pentameter, L11 iambic trimeter between sixain and quatrain Cyhydedd Fer Sonnet 7 couplets 8 syllable linesrhyme aabbccddeeffgg sometime between L5 & L8 Double Sonnet poem of any 2 sonnets. 1 poem of 2 same rhyme sonnets. poem with 2 octaves followed by 2 sestets Echo Sonnet invented 3 quatrains followed by a couplet rhymed with double refrain A1bbA2 accA2 addA2 A1A2 iambic pentameter Invented revolving sonnet without turn. Envelope Sonnet 20thcentury octave & sestet abbacddc efgefg or efefefiambic pentameter after L8 French Sonnet, 16th century France Octave followed by sestet abbaabba ccdccd or ccdeed or ccdede In English iambic pentameter or Alexandrine lines, iambic hexameter Arrives between L8 and L9 Glorionic Sonnet, invented an octave followed by a sestet rhyme aabbbccc ddedee iambic pentameter pivot at declamatory couplet. Heroic Sonnet England 18 lines 4 Sicilian quatrains followed by a heroic couplet abab cdcd efef ghgh ii iambic pentameter arrives logically late Illini Sonnet, invented a quatorzain iambic L1,L4,L5,L8,L9 & L12 tetrameter L2,L3,L6,L7,L10,L11,L13 & L14 pentameter aabcdbcdecee pivot arrives after L8, Invented form. Jeffrey's Sonnet, invented 2 sestets followed by concluding couplet 8 syllable lines aabccb ddeffe ge L7 (b), L13 (e), L14 (g) internal cross rhyme pivot between sestets, invented form. Keatsean Sonnet 19th century England 4 tercets followed by a couplet. meter at discretion of poet, rhyme abc abd cab cde de pivot between the final tercet and the ending couplet. Kyrielle Sonnet 15th Century 3 quatrains followed by a couplet 8 syllables per line AabB ccbB ddbB AB or AbaB cbcB dbdB AB None prescribed. Invented form. LuVailean Sonnet , invented 7 couplets iambic 6 couplets of alternating pentameter and dimeter ending with Heroic Couplet rhyme ababcdcdefefgg None suggested, invented form Mason Sonnet , invented octave followed by sestet rhyme a-b-c-a-b-c-c-b d-b-a-d-d-a iambic pentameter . pivot after the octave Miltonic Sonnet 17th century England An unbroken quatorzain by use of enjambment iambic pentameter abbaabbacdecde slowly after L8 Petrarchan or Italian Sonnet 14th century Italy octave (8 lines) question sestet (6 lines) resolution abbaabba cdecde or cdccdc or cdcdcd iambic pentameter Unravels slowly between octave and sestet Pushkin Sonnet 19th century Russia 3 quatrains followed by heroic couplet Frame patterned after the Onegin Stanza abab ccdd effe gg iambic tetrameter At discretion of poet Rainis Sonnet 19th century Slavic 9 lines made up of 1 quatrain 1 tercet followed by a couplet abab cbc or cac aa or bb or cciambic tetrameter Arrives in the tercet. Redondilla / Napoleonic / Sardine, or Sonondilla Sonnet 20th century A quatorzain made up of 2 redondilla quatrains followed by Envelope sestet. abbacddceeffee 8 syllable lines or iambic or trochaic tetrameter no pivot prescibed. Invented form. Saraband Sonnet 2 septets axabbcc axabbcc or abacdcd abacdcd orabacddc abacddc or abacdcd abacdcd or linking rhyme can be unrhymed octasyllabic or trochaic or iambic tetrameter or pentameter pivot when natural. Scupham Sonnet 20th century England 2 sixains followed by heroic couplet abcccba abccba dd iambic pentameter invented form, no pivot prescibed. Shadow Sonnet 21st century a quatorzain using any sonnet frame rhyme and meter consistent with the selected sonnet form added feature of the beginning word of each line is repeated as the end word of that same line consistent the selected form Shakespearean/English / Elizabethan Sonnet late 16th / 17th century 3 quatrains progression leaps to a surprising 1 couplet resolution abab cdcd efef gg iambic pentameter Deep into sonnet, sometime after 2nd quatrain, arrives as a sudden twist Sicilian Sonnet 13th century Italy octave (8 lines) question sestet (6 lines) resolution abababab cdcdcd iambic pentameter Unravels slowly between the octave and sestet Signature Sonnet, invented 3 quintains aabba bbaab ababa Song That Luc Bat Sonnet recent invented form 3 Song That Luc Batquatrains followed byrhymed couplet rhymed with Luc Bat climbing rhyme syllabic, quatrains 7-7-6-8couplet 7-7 Pivot arrives naturally. Spanish Soneta 16th century 2 Petrarchan quatrains followed by a Sicilian sestet hendecasyllabic lines rhyme abba abba cdcdcd pivot develops logically after 2nd quatrain Spenserian Sonnet mid 16th century England 3 quatrains each develop metaphor, conflict, question or answer 1 declamatory couplet abab bcbc cdcd ee iambic pentameter Slowly and logically, sometime after the 2nd quatrain Stretched Sonnet Any poem that stretches the boundaries of frame or meter of a traditional sonnet but has the sound and feel of the sonnet. Terza Rima or Diaspora Sonnet 19th centuryEngland 4 tercets followed by1 heroic couplet aba bcb cdc ded ff iambic pentameter Logically, sometime after the 3rd tercet. Tet Zayin, invented 4 quatrains Aabb bbcc ccdd ddaA, syllabic, S1 11 syllables, S2 9 syllables, S3 9 syllables, S4 11 syllables Unrhymed Sonnet 17th Century England a quatorzain broken or unbroken atthe poet's discretion unrhymedaccentual verse -5 stresses per line naturally Wordsworth Sonnet 19th century England a quatorzain a Catalogue poem of sorts abbaacca dedeff iambic pentameter arrives in last line. Wyatt/Surrey Sonnet 16th century England 1 Petrarchan octave, 1 envelope quatrain 1 declamatory heroic couplet abbaabba cddc ee iambic pentameter Unravels slowly after from octave to quatrain
  15. Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart French Verse French Sonnet, Rondel Prime, Rondel Prime Sonnet or Rondel Supreme is simply a Rondel with a second refrain added to the end of the poem. This verse form unlike most sonnets is usually syllabic. The sonnet was introduced to France in the 16th century by Clemont Marot (?-1544). The elements of the Rondel Prime or French Sonnet are: a quatorzain, an octave made up of 2 quatrains followed by a sestet. isosyllabic, the classic French sonnet is written in Alexandrine lines but this sonnet form can also be found in 8 syllable lines or the lines can be an number of syllables as long as the measure is consistent throughout the poem. In English it is found written in iambic pentameter or Alexandrine lines. rhymed ABba abAB abbaAB, A and B being refrains. composed with 2 refrains. L1 is repeated in L7 and L13, L2 is repeated in L8 and L14. composed with a pivot or turn somewhere after L8. Note: I found The Wanderer by Henry Austin Dobson in several places on the internet written with only 13 lines and a perfect example of the Rondel. At World of Poets I found the same poem with an added line at the end which converts the frame to a Rondel Prime or French Sonnet. I am unsure when and by whom the 14th line was added but I think I like it better with the stronger L2 ending the poem. THE WANDERER by Henry Austin Dobson Love comes back to his vacant dwelling, - The old, old Love that we knew of yore! We see him stand by the open door, With his great eyes sad, and his bosom swelling. He makes as though in our arms repelling, He fain would lie as he lay before; - Love comes back to his vacant dwelling, - The old, old Love that we knew of yore! Ah, who shall keep us from over-spelling That sweet forgotten, forbidden lore! E'en as we doubt in our hearts once more, With a rush of tears to our eyelids welling, Love comes back to his vacant dwelling. The old, old Love that we knew of yore! Come Along by DC Martinson I want to ride the sea, O, won't you come along? But we must leave erelong O, do you not agree? Waves will be so bonny, So peaceful yet so strong; I want to ride the sea, O, won't you come along? Her froth will set me free! This goal I can't prolong: On boats I do belong, On land I am not me! I want to ride the sea, O, won't you come along? Arab traders influence Cornish poets Cornish Sonnet
  16. Tinker

    Envelope Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart The Envelope Sonnet is all about the rhyme scheme, envelope rhyme being at the core. I have found a few variations which I think are relatively new invented sonnet forms. It seems the variations can't agree on just how that envelope rhyme should be placed. The envelope sonnet found at Poetry Base and in Lewis Turco's Book of Forms, appears to be a variation of the Petrarchan Sonnet. It has a slightly skewed rhyme scheme allowing 2 more rhymes than its predecessor which by the way also uses envelope rhyme. The elements of the envelope sonnet found at Poetry Base are: an octave made up of 2 quatrains followed by a sestet. metered, iambic pentameter. rhymed. Rhyme scheme abbacddc efgefg or abbacddc efefef. composed with a pivot after L8. The envelope sonnet found at Poet's Garret suggests an Italian or French origin; I'm leaning toward the French because of the linking rhyme. And since the form is syllabic which is also a common feature of French forms I would tend to agree. But I could find no examples other than current ones on that site. The elements of the envelope sonnet at Poet's Garret are: syllabic, octasyllabic or decasyllabic. composed of a sestet followed by a couplet and completed with a sestet. rhymed. Rhyme scheme abccba dd efggfe. composed with undefined pivot placement. An envelope sonnet that I created before I started researching verse forms and therefore naively called it an envelope sonnet unaware there were other forms also so named. Turned on only 4 rhymes, I use envelope rhyme but also envelope stanzas which in my humble opinion, trumps the other 2 variations. The elements of the envelope sonnet that I created are: metered, iambic pentameter. composed of a tercet followed by 2 quatrains and ending with a tercet. rhymed. Rhyme scheme aba cddc dccd bab. composed with pivot placed at poet's discretion. The Path by Judi Van Gorder Discordant storms erupt. The path goes dark while whipping wind and smashing rain complain and push the day to night, the blackness stark. The force of creation collects its cost and all the universe joins the cyclical flow while plunged in gloom there rants an unseen show. The earth is purged, the putrid air is washed. From recalled shadows cast above and below disjointed thoughts intrude and wander lost. Perception stumbles, blinded, spun and tossed and latent dreams turn labored, gray and low. In darkness chaos tricks the shaded brain that strains to see the dawn of nature’s spark to illuminate the straightened path's domain.
  17. Tinker

    The Double Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart The Double Sonnet from the many sources I've researched can take on at least one of three sonnet forms. The Double Sonnet can be 1 poem made up of 2 sonnets. Given this description, the poem could employ a Sicilian Sonnet and a Shakespearean Sonnet or whatever variable combination of sonnets the poet chooses. The Double Sonnet can be a poem in which the sonnet rhyme scheme is doubled. This description would mean that the poem is made up of 2 sonnets of the same variation and rhyme scheme, such as 2 Wordsworth sonnets or 2 Terza Rima sonnets. The Double Sonnet can be a poem that doubles the sonnet octave and then doubles the sonnet sestet. This seems to be more like one sonnet doubled in size than 2 individual sonnets stuck together by proximity and theme. In this scenario there would be only one turn or pivot which I assume would occur near the end of the 2nd octave or during the 1st sestet.
  18. Tinker

    Cornish Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart English Verse The Cornish Sonnet is said by an internet source to be influenced by Arab traders to the Cornish coast . This verse form appears to be a merging of Arabic meter and the sonnet. Exactly when and how this came about I have yet to pin down. Early Cornish verse is fragmented and stingy at best. The earliest literature in the Cornish language were fragments of religious plays. The language became all but extinct by the 18th century but what was preserved demonstrates some verse in octaves using 7 syllable loose trochaic lines and alternating rhyme. Unlike verse from other Celtic origins, deliberate use of alliteration or other devices of "harmony of sound" are not present. This sonnet form doesn't fit with these early findings so I can only assume that it arrived on the scene much later than originally presumed. The elements of the Cornish Sonnet are: lyrical meditation. a quatorzain, 2 sestets made up of linked enclosed tercets, followed by a refrain which is the repeat of the first line of each sestet. metered at the discretion of the poet, lines should be similar length. rhymed Abacbc Dedfef AD The first line of each sestet are repeated in refrain in the last couplet. variable. The sonnet can be written with an alternate rhyme scheme abacbC dedfeF CF In this scenario the last line of each sestet is repeated in refrain in the last couplet. The Cornish Sonnet: Memorial Day by Rex Allen Brewer Wounded warriors left with half a face, they don’t often grace your cereal box. In fear, their hearts cower in a foul place, they don’t see themselves in the looking glass. The reaper’s laughter haunts both hound and fox. Is he still human? Will they let him pass? My God, the burning flesh, I know the dead. John Wayne never told me that war would reek, that dreams of rotting flesh would stalk my bed. The sounds of war are loud and out of tune. In the silence at night the dead still speak. Saddle up, morning comes and much too soon. Wounded warriors left with half a face… My God, the burning flesh, I know the dead. About the same time the Arabs were supposedly influencing Cornish poetry, John Donne was writing an 18 line form we call the Heroic Sonnet
  19. Tinker

    The Alfred Dorn sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart The Alfred Dorn sonnet is a verse form created for a "Formalist" sonnet contest running since 1980. The contest rules required the applicants to create a new sonnet form. The winning sonnet form is named for the poet who created it, in this case, American poet, Alfred Dorn. The elements of the Alfred Dorn Sonnet are: the quatorzain is made up of an Italian Sestet and a Sicilian Sestet bridged by a rhymed couplet. metered, iambic pentameter. rhymed, abcabc dd aeaeae (note "a" is a linking rhyme between the 2 sestets) Obsession by Tamara Beryl Latham
  20. Tinker

    Curtal or Curtailed Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart Curtal or Curtailed Sonnet is a Petrarchan Sonnet which is proportionately ¾ in size. It is a 19th century innovation by English poet Gerard Anthony Hopkins who prefaced his publication Poems (1918) with an explanation of the verse form which he used in 3 of his sonnets. The elements of the Curtal sonnet is: 11 lines, proportionately ¾ of a Petrarchan Sonnet structure, a sixain followed by a quatrain followed by a tail or half line. metered, L1-L10 iambic pentameter , L11 is trimeter. rhymed, rhyme scheme abcabc defde. Peace by Gerard Manley Hopkins Curtal Sonnet by Judi Van Gorder For centuries the sonnet held esteem with praise for Laura, Juliette and more, the lute has even taken up its place. Without effort rising up like cream the little song can touch us at the core with oven birds and stars that race. This shortened form has little time to waste with condensed rhyme and shorter line to finish off the tome without refrain. And so, I try to write this poem in haste and hope to make it shine.
  21. Tinker

    Couplet Sonnet or Clare Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Chart Sonnet Comparison Chart The Couplet Sonnet is as its name implies a sonnet made up of couplets. It is also referred to as The Clare Sonnet after John Clare, English Poet, 1793-1864. This verse form has been around for awhile and it could be a variation of the Cyhydedd Fer Sonnet or the other way around. The elements of the Couplet Sonnet are: a quatorzain is made up 7 heroic couplets. metered, iambic pentameter. rhymed aa bb cc dd ee ff gg. composed with a pivot placed at the poet's discretion. Left Behind by Judi Van Gorder He left her side in sleep, four years before to set a place for her on distant shore. Reluctantly, she stayed behind, inside an ancient shell, ensnared, bereft of pride. She paced her chair, up and down the hall and blindly sought her husband's unheard call. What hidden terrors lurk within the mind to cause a woman generous and kind to deftly wield a cane with deadly ease and bludgeon buttocks, swiftly strike at knees. She was subdued and left to fend alone in drug induced illusion, world unknown. There finally came a day when she fought free and sailed to join her love beyond the lea. (in memory of my maternal grandparents, married 1912; Ernest William Herron 1890-1986 and Cora Jennet Grimes Herron 1895-1990) Sunday Dip by John Clare (1793 -1864) The morning road is thronged with merry boys Who seek the water for their Sunday joys; They run to seek the shallow pit, and wade And dance about the water in the shade. The boldest ventures first and dashes in, And others go and follow to the chin, And duck about, and try to lose their fears, And laugh to hear the thunder in their ears. They bundle up the rushes for a boat And try across the deepest place to float: Beneath the willow trees they ride and stoop-- The awkward load will scarcely bear them up. Without their aid the others float away, And play about the water half the day.
  22. Tinker

    Chained Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart Chained Sonnet is any sonnet that uses the poetic device of chaining. The elements of the Chained sonnet are: the verse is written in any sonnet form. chained when the end word of the previous line is the first word of the next line. flexible, at the poet's discretion, to bring the sonnet full circle the first word of the sonnet is the last word of the sonnet.
  23. Tinker

    Blank Verse Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart Italian Verse The Blank Verse Sonnet is simply a sonnet written in Blank Verse. It has all of the features of the sonnet without rhyme. Although Blank Verse is often used in narratives, it can also adapt to the lyrical sonnet. Blank verse is a strophic sonnet in iambic pentameter. Sonnets without rhyme can be traced back to Edmund Spenser. The elements of the Blank Verse Sonnet are: metric, written iambic pentameter. In English most sonnets are written in iambic pentameter but there are some that occasionally stray from the norm. To metrically stray is not an option with the Blank Verse Sonnet. unrhymed. a quatorzain with no stanza breaks. composed with a pivot or turn which logically arrives in the 2nd half of the sonnet. note: The Blank Verse Sonnet is not to be confused with a "blank sonnet" as referred to in 1648 by the minor French poet Dulot who complained one day that he had been robbed of valuable papers. In particular, robbed of three hundred sonnets. When others showed surprise that he had written so many sonnets, Dulot explained that they were all "blank sonnets", (by this he meant that he had written down the rhymes but there was no body to the sonnets). This was ridiculed and subsequently jokingly led to the creation of the 17th century parlor game Bouts- Rimes
  24. Tinker

    Alternating Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart French Verse The Alternating Sonnet is one of the French adaptations of the sonnet. It employs alternating quatrains and tercets. Sonnet The elements of the Alternating Sonnet are: the quatorzain is made up of alternating tercets and quatrains. rhymed, rhyme scheme abba ccd abba ede or ccd abba ede abba or same envelope rhymed quatrains alternating with rhymed tercets at the poet's discretion. pivot or volta at L8, L11 or L12. Alternating Sonnet by Jan Haag
  25. Tinker

    Beymorilin Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart American Verse Beymorlin Sonnet is called "a Shakespearean sonnet of Italian form" probably meaning it is a cross between a Shakespearean and Italian sonnet. The distinguishing feature of this sonnet is that there seems to be a double rhyme pattern occurring simultaneously. This verse form was introduced into US national recognition by Carl Morton, Alabama State Poet Laureate in the 80s. The Beymorlin sonnet appears to be the 1976 creation of the collective effort of American poets Richard Beyer, Carl Morton and Marjorie Lees Linn. The elements of the Beymorlin Sonnet are: written in a quatorzain made up of 3 quatrains and a couplet. metered, primarily iambic pentameter. double rhymed, rhyme scheme abab cdcd efef gg with a separate internal rhyme in the same pattern as the end rhyme. The internal rhyme should occur within the first two syllables of each line. composed with the epiphany arriving slowly after the 2nd quatrain. The Challenge by Ikars J. Sarma AKA waxwings What sends us forth to poke, and peer, and pry into the secret depths of universe; no end to our attempts. We try and try to do the nigh impossible; perverse, persistent is our need to glean the Plan, the Power which, till now, the suns have worn. In distant galaxies we seek to scan the hour when matter, time and space were born. And now the ship: it knows no driving oar, no sail, no steam to take its gallant crew; shear power, sheathed in flames to make it soar or fail to outdo eagle's flight. They knew the sound of thousand furies. Then, the seven-- unbound Prometheus...burst onto heaven. 1986 NFSP BEYMORLIN SONNET AWARD - 2nd place
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