Jump to content
Registration -- to join PMO ***UPDATED INSTRUCTIONS*** Read more... ×
Poetry Magnum Opus

Search the Community

Showing results for tags 'sonnet'.



More search options

  • Search By Tags

    Type tags separated by commas.
  • Search By Author

Content Type


Blogs

There are no results to display.

There are no results to display.

Forums

  • Poetry
    • Member Poetry
    • Member Poetry (overflow)
    • Promotions
    • Member Archive
  • Reference Section
    • Tools
    • Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry
    • Misc. Reference Material
  • General
    • General Discussion
    • Literary Discussion
    • Articles
  • Special Interest
    • World Poetry
    • Variety Forums
    • Workshop
    • PMO Audio
  • Prose and Longer Poetic Works
    • The Prose Forum
    • Longer Poetic Works
  • Reading
    • A Poem I Read Today
    • Favorite Poets
  • Art
    • Art - General Discussion
    • Photography, Drawing, and Painting
  • Welcome
    • Site Welcome, Philosophy, and Rules

Find results in...

Find results that contain...


Date Created

  • Start

    End


Last Updated

  • Start

    End


Filter by number of...

Joined

  • Start

    End


Group


AIM


MSN


Website URL


ICQ


Yahoo


Jabber


Skype


BlackBerry PIN


Location


Interests

Found 53 results

  1. Tinker

    Jeffrey's Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart Jeffrey's Sonnet is a recent verse form invented by Scott J Alcorn. My guess is either the middle intital "J." in Scott J. Alcorn stands for Jeffrey, or this sonnet frame is named for the title or subject of a poem written by Alcorn. It appears the form varies from the metric pattern of most sonnets and has a unique rhyme scheme. The elements of the Jeffrey's Sonnet are: a quatorzain, made up of 2 sestets followed by a couplet. syllabic, 8 syllables per line. rhymed, rhyme scheme aabccb ddeffe ge . There is internal cross rhyme within syllables 2 thru 4 of L7, L13 & L14. composed with no suggested criteria for a pivot although it appears to occur between the sestets, leaving the end couplet as a summary. x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x b x x x b x x x d x x x x x x x d x x x x x x x e x x x x x x x f x x x x x x x f x x x x x x x e x x e x x x x g x x x g x x x e
  2. Frank Coffman

    Moonshadows

    Moonshadows How quickly do the hours add up to days, The days to weeks, the weeks to months and years! Soon old Time in the old time-honored ways Has made mere memories of joys and tears. There was a time, my love, when each fleet minute Was greeted as a new log for Life's fire; And each new day with all Love's promise in it Dawned on the journey toward our hearts' desire. And I remember evenings around sunset, We two would walk until the summer stars Were spinning overhead, before the onset Of troubles and the wounds that left our scars. And, hand in hand, moonshadows on the grass, We walked in love we swore would never pass.
  3. Frank Coffman

    The Race

    The Race (after Andrew Marvell) by Frank Coffman This final, fitful flurry falling down Will melt soon, and the April grass will green. And yet how quickly green will parch and brown— And summer fade to fall as all have seen. Lessons from Nature? There may be a couple: One in the wondrous cycle of rebirth; One in that Time, relentlessly, on supple Limbs, races against us for all we're worth. That some things last is clear each day at dawning. That most things don't is seen in every death. Let Time not pass us as we stand ayawning, But let us run 'til we are out of breath! And, stride for stride, beside him at the tape, Fly on beside him in a better shape.
  4. Terror at Twilight a Séadna* (pronounced: shay-na) Sonnet by Frank Coffman Doom! the blood-red sun is dying. Clings it close on western rim. Curséd Night is quickly nighing, Thick clouds weep; day graying grim. Grim the shape that in the shadows Grows at ancient forest’s edge— A Creature dread from Hell’s hollows Made by spell of Yellow Mage Magic dark has dragged it hither. Earth is not it’s normal home. And, now here, we know not whither It will wend, nor rather roam. Roam it shall! The Mage has bidden Spell took from page of hidden tome. “The Rules for the Irish SÉADNA The basic requir4ements of the form: 1. Quatrains of 8-7-8-7 syllables 2. Lines 1 and 3 end on 2-syllable words 3. Lines 2 and 4 end on 1-syllable words 4. Lines 2 and 4 end-rhyme [I’ve used slant rhyme in section 2 << my variation] The more difficult requirements of the form: 5. Every line has alliteration 6. The final syllable of line 1 alliterates with A stressed word of line 2 7. Line 3 rhymes [I’ve used slant rhymes << my variation] with the penultimate word of line 4 8. There are TWO aicill rhymes [cross rhyming the final word of a line with either the first or an internal word in the next in the second couplet]. 9. Final word of line four alliterates with the preceding stressed word [Any preceding stressed word << my variation—also, section 2 fails in this, and only the ending couplet fully fulfills it] 10. Each group concludes with dunadh [ending with the same sound (letter, syllable, or word) with which it began] OR it can mean [linking by chain rhyme one section with the next by using the last word of each section as the first word of the next [<< I have used this latter option].
  5. Frank Coffman

    These Leaves Falling

    These Leaves Falling by Frank Coffman These leaves falling on October lawn, Fossils numberless of the tall trees wings, Land dead-muddle in the mushroom rings. Tree fingers lose their feel; the sap is drawn Down from the tube tips. The summer brawn Is gone or going now. Fall's seasonings Effect more than the trees. Its colorings Pervade both flora and the close man-fawn Who watches now as dawn is faintly red. Here he will come to watch when fall has fled; Here to this spot when the winds grow blow and brusk, By tusks of the tall-fall, winter-splinter, husk-on-husk Trees, he will stand and grow from the common bed And wait with giant brothers for the russet dusk.
  6. Tinker

    Hybrid Sonnet or Donne's Sonnet

    The Hybrid Sonnet (found and titled by Lawrence Eberhart, Poet's Collective) really has no recognition or name but the form was used as far back as the early 1600s. John Donne and Sir Philip Sidney were among the first to merge the Italian and English sonnet forms. The elements of hybrid sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of either 3 quatrains followed by a couplet or made up of 2 quatrains followed by a sestet. metered, preferably iambic pentameter. rhymed, Rhyme Scheme abba abba cdcd ee or abab cdcd efgefg or abab cdcd efefef or abba cddc effe gg. pivot at poet's discretion. Holy Sonnet # 1 by John Donne Thou hast made me, and shall Thy work decay? Repair me now, for now mine end doth haste; I run to death, and Death meets me as fast, And all my pleasures are like yesterday. I dare not move my dim eyes any way; Despair behind, and Death before doth cast Such terror, and my feeble flesh doth waste By sin in it, which it towards hell doth weigh. Only Thou art above, and when towards Thee By Thy leave I can look, I rise again; But our old subtle foe so tempteth me, That not one hour myself I can sustain. Thy grace may wing me to prevent his art And thou like adamant draw mine iron heart. The Holy Sonnets, also known as the Divine Meditations or Divine Sonnets, are a series of nineteen poems. Twelve of them were published in the 1633 collection, Songs and Sonnets; others were published in later collections.— Excerpted from Holy Sonnets on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
  7. Tinker

    Reyes' Sonnets of the Hand

    On various poetry sites throughout the internet I run into the name Jose Rizal M. Reyes of the Philippines. He is credited with the creation of a multitude of sonnet forms. I have found essays written by him but no central blog or website produced by him. Larry Eberhart at Poet's Collective calls him a renown sonneteer and Reyes apparently has a twitter account where he declares himself a Sonnet G Master. The name Jose Rizal M. Reyes suggests that he is either a descendant or at least named in honor of Jose Rizal y Mercado, novelist and national hero of the Philippines. At Poet's Collective Reyes is said to have suggested there are three types of sonnets, those of the head, those of the heart, and those of the hand. I am assuming he is saying sonnets of the head are sonnets that follow the classic frame of established sonnet forms. Those of the heart capture the meditative soul of the sonnet but not necessarily conform to a particular frame. Those of the hand, play with the classic frames and tweak them with innovative rhyme scheme, stanzaic patterns, meter and other poetic devices. Poet's Collective calls sonnets of the hand, Gadget Sonnets. There are hundreds of invented sonnets of the hand all over the internet and many were created by Reyes. (most found at Poet's Collective) I question whether these multitude of "sonnet forms" have ever had more than one or maybe two other poems written in these frames therefore they would not technically meet the definition of established form but rather are simply nonce forms. But I admire the tenacity to create such a volume of work and I include here what I have found of those forms created by the "Sonnet G Master" himself, Jose Rizal M Reyes. Many of the invented forms on this page use the frame of the English Sonnet, and simply change the rhyme scheme. So for the sake of saving space I will simply indicate "English Sonnet" and include the changed rhyme scheme rather than all of the elements each time. As a reminder, the elements of the English Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 3 quatrains followed by a couplet. metric, preferably iambic pentameter, pivot or volta after L9. rhymed. normally the rhyme scheme would be abab cdcd efef gg. In all of the following, the rhyme scheme has been changed. American Forte Sonnet and American Liebre Sonnet are invented sonnets which simply offer a slightly different rhyme scheme from standard sonnets. Whether or not the American Forte is a true sonnet because of the lack of metric measure and volta, I'll leave for the purists. The elements of the American Forte Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 3 quatrains followed by a couplet no specific meter or syllable measure no volta identified rhymed, turned on only 4 rhymes, rhyme scheme abab bbcc cdcd dd The elements of the American Liebre Sonnet are: the frame of English Sonnet rhymed, rhyme scheme abab bbcc cdcd ee The Betwixt Sonnet is an invented sonnet form using the English Sonnet frame with a dominant b rhyme sound. The rhyme scheme of the Betwixt Sonnet is: rhymed, rhyme scheme abba cbbc dbbd bb Chivalric Sonnet uses the English Sonnet frame but with partly rhymed and partly unrhymed. The rhyme is: rhymed, rhyme scheme xaxa xbxb xcxc dd x being unrhymed. Countess' Grief 1 uses the English Sonnet frame with a rhyme scheme adjustment. The rhyme is: abba cddc eefg fg Deplorable Sonnet is an invented form named for the theme of the original poem by Jose Rizal M. Reyes. It has political undertones and the structure is a bit of departure from most of the "invented sonnets' which usually just attempt to just change the rhyme scheme from the classics. I thought this more interesting than most. The elements are: composed with political undertones stanzaic, two quatrains, a couplet and a quatrain, in that order metric, iambic pentameter rhymed, rhyme scheme aaaB cccB dd eebB written with a refrain, L4 of the first quatrain is repeated as L4 of each subsequent quatrain pivot at poets discretion Elfmath Sonnet is an invented sonnet form is distinguished by the repetition of words in a rhyme scheme pattern of any known Sonnet form. Identical words create the rhyme. This is reminiscent of the very first Sicilian Sonnet that repeated words rather than rhyme. The elements of the Elfmath Sonnet are: stanzaic, either 3 quatrains followed by a couplet or 2 quatrains with 2 tercets, it is not specified how the quatrain/tercet pattern should be, therefore I assume they could alternate quatrain, tercet, quatrain tercet or could be arranged as 2 quatrains followed by 2 tercets. metric, Iambic pentameter like a Sestina, repeated end words in a pattern following any sonnet rhyme scheme. 1221 3443 5665 77 or ababcdcd efgefg pivot placement optional French Canadian Sonnet an invented form with optional metric values. The elements of the French Canadian Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 2 quatrain, a couplet, a quatrain in that order. metric, pentameter or hexameter at discretion of poet. rhymed, rhyme scheme: abba cddc ee fggf pivot at L9 Four Epoch Sonnet uses the English Sonnet frame but changes the rhyme pattern each stanza. The rhyme scheme is abba cdcd exxe ff, x being unrhymed. Four Kings Sonnet uses the English Sonnet frame turned on 2 rhymes. I fail to connect the dots between the elements and the name. The rhyme scheme is abbaabba abbaab Germanic Caudated Sonnet is an invented sonnet form that stretches the quatorzian to a 20 line poem by adding 3 tercets at the end. The elements of this triple tailed sonnet are: a quatorain made up of 3 quatrains and a couplet followed by a tail of 3 tercets. metric, preferably iambic pentameter rhymed, rhyme scheme abba bccb cddc dd dee dff dgg pivot L13 or after. Gloria cum Noynoy-Italianic or PGMA Sonnet is an invented sonnet form named in honor of former Philippine President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo(PGMA) and her successor President Benigno Simeon "Noynoy" Aquino III. “I named a rhyme scheme jointly for the two Philippine presidents as a statement that it was during their presidency that I wrote my 2154 sonnets.” Jose Rizal M. Reyes. "Italianic" is added to the name possibly because he uses the 2 rhyme envelope rhyme for the first 2 quatrains as in the classic Italian sonnet but uses the stanzaic pattern of the classic English Sonnet joining the two classic forms as he joins the two Philippine presidents. The elements of the PGMA sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 3 quatrains followed by a couplet metric, preferably iambic pentameter rhymed, rhyme scheme abba abba cddc dd pivot at poet's discretion Grammarian Sonnet is an invented sonnet form that alternates quintains and couplets. The elements of the Grammarian Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of a quintain, a couplet, a quintain and a couplet, in that order. metric, preferably iambic pentameter rhymed, rhyme scheme abbba cc deeed ff pivot anytime after L9 Indonesian Sonnet is an invented sonnet form using the English Sonnet frame that Reyes also refers to as the Indo-Chinese Double Dance and is turned on only 2 rhymes. The rhyme scheme is abab abab abab ab. Japanese Sonnet found at Poet's Collective is described as written with "each line a haiku". I can only assume this means each line is written in concrete images and is a complete thought written in the moment. The elements of the Japanese Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of a quatrain, a sestet and a quatrain. metric, meter at the discretion of the poet, preferably iambic pentameter. rhymed, rhyme scheme aaaa bbbbbb aaaa pivot at discretion of the poet. Kal's First Fireburst Sonnet uses the English Sonnet frame that employs feminine rhyme in the 3rd line of each stanza. Where the name came from, I have no idea. The rhyme is: rhyme scheme abcb bcdc cded de. L3 of each stanza ends with feminine rhyme. Kal's Wondercloth Weave Sonnet, this name leaves me clueless, is simply Kal's First Fireburst using the English Sonnet frame with all strong endings, masculine rhyme. The rhyme scheme is: abcb bcdc cded de, all strong endings, masculine rhyme. Kangaroo Pause an invented form originally called the Australian Sonnet which conflicted with the much older Australian or Bowlesian Sonnet. This invented sonnet uses the English Sonnet frame with yet another rhyme scheme. The rhyme scheme is abab ccdd efef gg. Kindergarten Klas Sonnet uses the English Sonnet frame with one more rhyme scheme. I keep thinking, by now Reyes has to have covered every possible rhyme combination possible in 14 lines and then I find another. The rhyme is abca bcab cabc dd.. Kiwi Pause is an invented form originally labelled the New Zealand Sonnet until Lawrence Eberhart pointed out to Reyes that there was already a New Zealand Sonnet. The elements of the Kiwi Pause are: a quatorzain made up of 3 quatrains followed by a couplet. metered either iambic tetrameter or pentameter. rhymed, rhyme scheme abba ccdd effe gg. pivot follows L9. Korean Sonnet is an invented sonnet form that was created to honor the 2 Koreas, North and South. The stanza pattern appear as 2 halves. There is a little confusion in that the description says 2 octets and the example poem has 2 septets. Since the sonnet is normally 14 lines not 16 I am describing the elements as 2 septets. The elements of the Korean Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 2 sestets. meter at the discretion of poet. rhymed, rhymed scheme aaaaaaa bbbbbbb. pivot at discretion of poet. La Germania uses the English Sonnet frame with another different rhyme scheme. The rhyme is abba acca cddc dd. Lunatic Sonnet uses the English Sonnet frame with one more change in the rhyme scheme. The rhyme is aaab bbcc cddd ee. Luzviminda or Philippine Stanza Sonnet uses the English Sonnet frame with stanzaic monorhyme (sometimes LuzViMinda) The name is a portmanteau of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao, the names of the three major Philippine island groups. The rhyme is: aaaa bbbb cccc dd. Malayan Wave Sonnet uses the English Sonnet frame with this rhyme scheme aaba bbcb ccdc dd Malaysian Sonnet, uses the English Sonnet frame with a unique rhyme scheme. The rhyme is aaba bbcb ccdc dd. Melanesian Sonnet uses the Italian Sonnet frame with a change in rhyme. The elements of the Melanesian Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of an octet and a sestet. metric, iambic pentameter, rhyme aabaaaba aababb. pivot after L9. Melanesian Wave uses English Sonnet frame with the same rhyme as the Melanesian Sonnet. The rhyme is aaba aaba aaba bb. Philippine Sonnet uses English Sonnet frame turned on only 3 rhymes. The rhyme is aaaa bbbb aaaa cc. Philippine Stanza Sonnet uses the English Sonnet frame with mono-rhymed stanzas. (Previously called Luzvimninda Sonnet) The changed elements are: metric, 5 metric feet loosely iambic or trochaic or both rhymed, rhyme scheme, mono-rhymed stanzas, aaaa bbbb cccc dd Pope John XXIII Sonnet is a sonnet form intended to embrace the theme of love, faith and hope. The elements of the Pope John XXIII Sonnet are: thematic, love, faith, hope. a verse form made up of 2 quatrains, a couplet and a quatrain, in that order. metric, iambic tetrameter rhymed, rhyme scheme aaaa bbbb cc dddd. pivot at the discretion of the poet. Romblomanon Sonnet is an invented sonnet form that mixes up the mono-rhymed stanza order. The elements of the Romblomanon sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of a quatrain, a couplet and 2 quatrains in that order. metric, iambic pentameter. rhymed, stanzas momo-rhymed aaaa bb cccc dddd. pivot after L9. Russia's Twin Eagles is an invented sonnet form again rearranging stanza format. The elements of Russia's Twin Eagles are: a quatorzain made up of a tercet, a quatrain, a tercet, a quatrain in that order. metric, iambic pentameter. rhymed, rhyme scheme aba bccb ded effe. pivot after L9. Salamander's Fireburst is an invented sonnet form using the English Sonnet frame and changing the rhyme to abcb acdc aded ae, the c and d rhymes must be feminine. Spenserian Forte is an invented sonnet form using the English Sonnet frame and changing the rhyme to abab bcbc cdcd dd which is very similar but not quite the same as the Spenserian Sonnet. Teacher-Pupil Equation is an invented sonnet form using the English Sonnet frame and changing the rhyme to turn on 2 rhymes, aaaa aaaa bbbb bb. Trinidad Sonnet is an invented sonnet that repeats L1 and L7 in L13 and L14. The elements are: stanzaic, written in 4 tercets followed by a couplet. metric, iambic pentameter. rhymed, rhyme scheme Aba cbc Ded fef AD. written with an envoy made up of L1 and L7. pivot on of after L9. Turkey's Delight is an invented sonnet form using the English Sonnet frame and changing the rhyme to abba ccdd efef gg. Visayan Splash is an invented sonnet form using the English Sonnet frame and changing the rhyme to abcb bcdc cdad da. Volcanic Fireblast is an invented sonnet form using the English Sonnet frame and changing the rhyme to abba ccdd eedd ff (L7-L8 and L11-L12 are feminine or falling rhyme}.
  8. The Path Discordant storms erupt. The path goes dark while whipping wind and smashing rain complain and push the day to night, the blackness stark. The force of creation collects its cost and all the universe joins the cyclical flow while plunged in gloom where rants an unseen show. The earth is purged, the putrid air is washed. From recalled shadows cast above and below disjointed thoughts intrude and wander lost. Perception stumbles, blinded, spun and tossed and latent dreams turn labored, gray and low. In darkness chaos tricks the shaded brain that strains to see the dawn of nature's spark illuminate the straightened path's domain. ~~Judi Van Gorder
  9. David W. Parsley

    Marking the Day (rev)

    MARKING THE DAY answer to Job’s lament, for protests from a lady I love Job’s lament, for protests from a lady I love . To well wish or utter the b-word aloud would defy a cardinal, sincere constraint. Leaving no room for alternate interpretation, you gain my promise. I will not cheat. It is the day I propose to celebrate, not you. The one in which somebody wearing white emerged to explain a girl is born and it was you making such din, swimming your way to inquire beyond the womb. Without it there would be absence, no lips or quiver to contain my arrows, summon the me that is true guided through motions barer than memory where soul reclaims soul as wave across sandbar lingers after journey through dusk, singing path of the moon, her favored stars, mansions of illimitable sky. previously unpublished © 2012 David W. Parsley Parsley Poetry Collection
  10. Tinker

    Keatsean Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart English Verse The Keatsean Sonnet is a sonnet form patterned after John Keats' poem On the Sonnet. It is interesting that in researching I found Keats wrote several sonnets, mostly in the Petrarchan or Shakespearean form. But this one sonnet, the frame of which he himself did not duplicate, sparked imitation and a sonnet form named for him. Primarily written in tercets with its own unique rhyme scheme and irregular meter, Keats demonstrates that a stanza is not set apart by rhyme scheme nor metric pattern but by a thought. He includes all of the components of a classic sonnet but he deliberately scrambles them. An Ode and a Sonnet are named for him. Clearly, if you had not already noticed, John Keats (1795-1821) is an influential poet. The elements of the Keatsean sonnet are: lyrical a quatorzain, 14 lines, made up of 4 tercets followed by an unrhymed couplet. metric patterns at the discretion of the poet. One source suggests there should be no meter and the form is like free verse. I disagree, the poem is metric, the pattern however is irregular. rhymed, rhyme scheme abc abd cab cde de. composed with pivot late into the sonnet, between the last tercet and the couplet. On the Sonnet by John Keats If by dull rhymes our English must be chain’d, And, like Andromeda, the Sonnet sweet Fetter’d, in spite of pained loveliness; Let us find out, if we must be constrain’d, Sandals more interwoven and complete To fit the naked foot of poesy; Let us inspect the lyre, and weigh the stress Of every chord, and see what may be gain’d By ear industrious, and attention meet: Misers of sound and syllable, no less Than Midas of his coinage, let us be Jealous of dead leaves in the bay wreath crown; So, if we may not let the Muse be free, She will be bound with garlands of her own. Reasonnet Sonnet is an invented sonnet form by Ruth Poteet at Allpoetry which tweaks the rhyme scheme of the Keatsean Sonnet. The rhyme scheme is aaa bbb ccc ddd ee. All other elements remain the same.
  11. Tinker

    Forms found at All Poetry

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart Invented Forms All Poetry is a poetry community where there are some poetry courses and many blog like forums that include poetry of the members as well as information they might want to share such as new forms they might have run across or even invented themselves. Here are a few forms I found there. The 13 Line Sonnet is simply writing any sonnet form that ends with a rhymed couplet and condensing L13 and L14 into one iambic pentameter line with internal rhyme, invented by Marcy Jarvis. I can only assume the intent is to include the standard elements of "the sonnet" with the exception of being shortened by one line. The elements of the 13 Line Sonnet are: a lyrical poem written in 13 lines, made up any combination of stanzaic forms that could result in a total of 12 lines followed by a single line. metric, iambic pentameter rhymed, variable rhyme scheme with the last line, L13 internally rhymes with the end word. x x x x d x x x x d pivot or turn according to the sonnet form chosen Acrostic Tribute Sonnet is an invented sonnet form by is essentially any sonnet frame but with the added device that the first letter of each line spells out the name of person honored in the poem. The elements of the Acrostic Tribute Sonnet are:?ron> a quatorzain, with a stanzaic pattern at discretion of the poet. metric, preferably iambic pentameter. rhymed, rhyme scheme at the discretion of the poet. pivot placement at the discretion of the poet. composed as a tribute to someone. an acrostic, the name of the one honored is spelled out in the fist letter of each line. Amanda's Dark Sonnet is an invented sonnet form is also an alliterated acrostic with a dark theme. It was invented by Amanda J Norton. The elements of Amanda's Dark Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 2 seven lined stanzas. syllabic, 14 syllable lines. rhymed, rhyme scheme aabbcca abbccdd volta optional the initial letter of each line in S1 alliterates with the initial letter of the corresponding line in S2 Arabian Sonnet appears to be a little known invented form. Other than the defining features of frame and rhyme scheme, it is assumed the components of the classic sonnet apply. The elements of the Arabian Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 2 quatrains followed by 2 tercets. metric, iambic pentameter. rhymed, aaaa bbbb ccc ddd. turned in the 9th line. Avebury Air by Jem Farmer Arabian Onegin Sonnet is a variation of the Arabian Sonnet which simply includes repeat rhyme in a unique pattern. The elements of the Arabian Onegin Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 2 quatrains followed by 2 tercets. metric, iambic pentameter. rhymed,AaAa BBbb CcC DDd Asean Sonnet or Asean Royal Flush Sonnet, is simply an Italian sonnet in mono-rhyme. The variation is somehow associated with South East Asia but further detail is still illusive. The elements of the Asean Sonnet are: lyrical. a quatorzain made up of an octave followed by a sestet. metric, iambic pentameter. mono-rhymed, aaaaaaaaaaaaaa. turned on the 9th line. The Architect by Jem Farmer The Bardic Sonnet is an invented sonnet form by William Kenneth Keller that uses the Shakespearean Sonnet and adds a complicated rhyme pattern. The elements of the Bardic Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 3 quatrains followed by a couplet. metric, iambic pentameter volta arrives late in the frame, sometime in the 3rd quatrain or even waiting until the declamatory couplet. rhymed, alternating rhyme, abab cdcd efef gg, but here is where it gets a little tricky. The rhyme is found both internal as well as at the end of the line. The internal or interlaced rhyme (echoed internally with another line.) is true or perfect rhyme (last stressed vowel and last consonant are echoed) but the end rhyme is consonant rhyme (end sounds consonate, ball/ fell) and including framed rhyme (the consonant preceding the vowel consonates with the consonant after the vowel. bit/bat ). To take it a bit further, the inventor requests that it be strict consonant rhyme as used in ancient Irish forms and designates interlaced rhyme to be echoed in the first 3 metric feet.The couplet contains both the end consonant rhyme and interlaced rhyme Capital = perfect rhyme lower case=consonant rhyme. .x x x A x x x x x a x B x x x x x x x b x x x x A x x x x a x x x x x B x x x b Beginning of Line Rhymed Sonnet or Head Rhymed Sonnet is an invented sonnet form by Linda Varsell Smith is simply a sonnet form but instead of being end rhymed, it is head rhymed. (the first word of the line is echoed with the first word of another line. The elements of the Head Rhymed Sonnet: a quatorzain made up of 2 quatrains followed by a sestet. iambic pentameter head rhymed (the first word of a line is echoed with the first word of another line) aabb ccdd eeffgg Pivot or volta at discretion of poet. The Chandler Sonnet is an invented verse form introduced by B Chandler that although it is called a sonnet, has nothing in common with the sonnet form. The elements of the Chandler Sonnet are: a poem in 22 lines, written in 3 quatrains, an octave and a couplet in that order. syllabic, the first 3 quatrains are dodecasyllabic, the quatrain is hendecasyllabic and the couplet is heptasyllabic lines. rhymed, turned on only 4 rhymes, abab baba abab cdccdcdd ee. Dual Sonnet is an invented form that basically is 2 sonnet forms, or at least rhyme schemes, in one. Created by Allen R Murray the end rhyme of one form is found mid line and another sonnet form rhyme at the end of the line. The elements are: a quatorzain made up of either octave/sestet or three quatrains and couplet. metric, iambic pentameter. rhymed, select two rhyme schemes from recognized sonnet forms. One rhyme scheme should appear mid line and the other at the end of the line. xxxxaxxxxA lower case and uppercase simply indicates different rhyme sounds. xxxxbxxxxB xxxxaxxxxB xxxxbxxxxA Dueces Sonnet is a restricted invented form turned on only two rhymes. Created by Mary Lou Healy, the pivot placement is also specifically limited to either L9 and L11 at the rhyme pattern change. The elements are: a quatorzain made up of 3 quatrains followed by a couplet. metric, iambic pentameter rhymed, turned on only 2 rhymes, abba abba baab aa pivot at rhyme pattern change, either L9 or L11 Echo Sonnet is an invented double refrain sonnet form created by Jeff Green. The elements of the Echo Sonnet are: lyrical. a quatorzain made up 3 quatrains followed by a couplet, similar to the Kyrielle Sonnet. metric, iambic pentameter. rhymed with a double refrain. A1bbA2 accA2 addA2 A1A2. composed without pivot. Because of the double refrain, the poem seems to be revolving, ending where it started. The Bridge of Dreams by Jeff Green Folded Sonnet invented by Barry Hopkins has a cloudy description and I don't see enough to include it as a true sonnet. The elements of the Folded Sonnet are: a dodecastich, a 12 line poem. (However the poet has the option of writing any number of lines between 10 and 17 lines. metric, iambic heptameter. (7 metric feet) rhymed, rhymed couplets or whatever suits the poet. pivot L 9 Hyper Sonnet is an invented sonnet form created Marnie Kanarek that turns on one rhyme. The elements of the Hyper Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 4 tercets followed by a couplet. metric, iambic each stanza has variable line lengths of L1 pentameter, L2 tetrameter, and L3 pentameter. The couplet iambic pentameter. rhymed. Rhyme scheme axa axa xaa xaa aa x being unrhymed. pivot at the discretion of the poet. Lazy Day Sonnet is an invented form created by Rebecca Kerr. Although it wasn't broken by stanzaic pattern in the description, I'm making the assumption the quatorzain is made up of 2 sestets because of the placement of the pivot. The elements of the Lazy Day Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 2 sestets. metric preferably iambic pentameter. rhymed, rhyme scheme aabbccd ddeeeff. pivot after L7. Marshalline Sonnet is an invented sonnet that employs feminine end words. It was created by Mairi bheag at All Poetry. The elements of the Marshalline Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 3 quatrains followed by a couplet syllabic, all lines carry 9 syllables, iamb-iamb-iamb-amphibrach, falling or feminine end words. composed with the volta at or following L9 rhymed, rhyme scheme: abab cdcd efef gg, The Mononet is an invented form with alternate and internal rhyme, introduced by B Chandler. The elements of the Mononet are: stanzaic, written in 2 octaves followed by a couplet. syllabic, all lines are hendecasyllabic except L5 and L15 which are written in 2 hemistiches of 6 syllables each for a total of 12 syllables and L17 is 6 syllables. rhymed,turned on only 4 rhymes, abab(A-A)bab cdcd(C-C)dcD AD or abba(A-A)bba cdcc(D1-D1)dcD2 AD2. Lower case = rhyme, uppercase = rhymed refrain. composed with L5 and L15 written with a 6 syllable hemistich which is repeated in the same line creating a refrain with internal rhyme within the line. composed with the concluding couplet, a refrain, L17 is a repeat of one hemistich from L5 and L18 is the repeat of L16. x x x x x x x x x x a or x x x x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x x x x b x x x x x A x x x x x A x x x x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x x x d x x x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x x x d x x x x x C x x x x x C x x x x x x x x x x d x x x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x x x D x x x x x A x x x x x x x x x x D x x x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x x x x a x x x x x A x x x x x A x x x x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x x x d x x x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x x x c x x x x x D1x x x x x D1 x x x x x x x x x x d x x x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x x x D2 x x x x x A x x x x x x x x x x D2 Purely Hopeful is an invented form created by Jennifer L. Hedin and found at All Poetry.com. The elements of the Purely Hopeful are: Is a quatorzain, not a sonnet, made up of a quatrain followed by two tercets and ending in a quatrain. Syllabic, 9-8-7-6, 7-8-9, 9-8-7, 6-7-8-9 syllables per line. rhymed, abab cdc cdc fgfg. The Quadrilou is an invented form found at AllPoetry created by Mary Lou Healy appears to be an exercise in meter. The elements of the Quadrilou are: Stanzaic, written in 2 octaves, made up of 2 quatrains. Metric, the lines of each quatrain is iambic, measured by L1 = tetrameter or approximately 8 syllables. L2 = dimeter or approximately 4 syllables. L3 = trimeter or approximately 6 syllables. L4 = dimeter or approximately 4 syllables. Rhymed, rhyme does not change from octave to octave, abcdabcd abcdabcd. The Quaintrell is an invented stanzaic form created by DD Michaels at All Poetry. It was noted that a quaintrelle is a feminine version of the “dandy”. A woman overly concerned with her appearance, expressing her passion for leisure and “life’s pleasures" through her dress and deportment. This seems to be a variation on the Curtal Stanza from the 19th century wherein the quatrains are written in iambic pentameter except the 4th line which is iambic dimeter with a different rhyme scheme. The elements of the Quaintrell are: Stanzaic, written in 3 or more octaves made up 2 quatrains each. Metric, accentual syllabic, all lines are iambic tetrameter except L4 and L8 of each octave which are iambic trimeter. Syllable count 8 8 8 6 8 8 8 6 in each stanza. Rhymed, L3 and L7 carry internal rhyme, rhyme scheme a a (b-b) c d d (e-e) c // f f (g-g) h I I (j-j) h / . . etc. or a a b c d d e c // f f g h I i j h with the b, e, g & j lines internally rhymed. L3 xxxbxxxb L7 xxexxxxe The Curtailed Quaintrelle created by Marcy Jarvis and further developed by DD Michaels is an invented sonnet form. Curtailed apparently refers to the shortened line at the end of each quatrain. The elements of the Curtailed Quaintrelle Sonnet are: lyrical a quatorzain made up of 3 quatrains followed a couplet. metric, L1-L3 are iambic tetrameter and L4 is iambic trimeter in each quatrain. The couplet is iambic pentameter. . syllabic, L1-L3 of each quatrain are 8 syllables and L4 of each quatrain is 6 syllables; the couplet is made up of 8 syllable lines. rhymed, rhyme scheme aabc ddec ffgc hh. There is internal rhyme in L3 of each quatrain. Therefore the b, e & g rhyme is repeated within the line. L3 xxxbxxxb (And apparently you have the option of leaving the 4th line of the 3rd stanza unrhymed.) pivot optional. RenRhyme is a recent invented form created by Renee Mathews Jackson that employs the lines of the first stanza as a refrain in the following stanzas. This was found at All Poetry. The elements of the RenRhyme are: Isosyllabic. All lines are the same number of syllables. The poem can either be written with all 8 line syllables or all 10 line syllables. A verse form, a poem in 12 lines made up of 3 quatrains. Written with the lines of the first quatrain repeated as a refrain in the following stanzas. L1 repeated as L2 in the 2nd stanza. L2 repeated as L2 in the 3rd stanza. L3 repeated as L4 in the 2nd stanza. L4 repeated as L4 in the 3rd stanza. Rhymed. Rhyme scheme A1B1A2B2 - c A1c A2 - d B1 d B2. The Rondel Grand is an invented stanzaic form with a refrain and appears to have nothing in common with the French Rondel. “Rondel“ from French meaning “small circle”. The invented form was created by Victoria Sutton at All Poetry. The elements of the Rondel Grand are: Stanzaic, written in 3 quintains or more. Syllabic, L1 – L4 are 8 syllables each and L5 is 6 syllables. Rhymed, rhyme scheme ababR cdcdR efefR etc. Written with a refrain. L5 of each stanza is a refrain repeated from stanza to stanza. The Royal Spiral is an invented verse form that employs a skewed version of the rentrament of the Rondeau in the 2nd and 3rd stanzas. This was found at All Poetry created by Mary Sullivan Boren. The elements of the Royal Spiral are: 20 line poem made up of 4 quintains. Metric, L1-L4 is iambic pentameter and L5 is iambic dimeter. Rhymed, rhyme scheme aabbc / ccdde / eeffg / gghhc. Composed with a rentrament in which the first 2 metric feet of S1-L1 is repeated as S2- L5 and S1-L5 is repeated in the first 2 metric feet of S3-L1. S1 r r r e x x x x x x a x x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x x x x b r r r c S2 x x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x x d x x x x x x x x x d r r r e S3 r r r c x x x x x e x x x x x x x x x e x x x x x x x x x f x x x x x x x x x f x x x g S4 x x x x x x x x x g x x x x x x x x x g x x x x x x x x x h x x x x x x x x x h x x x c Schwim's Sonnet is an invented sonnet form in only 13 lines. Created by W.W. Schwim stating "the closing line is tertious (third) paeonic catalectic" Huh? Sorry that doesn't make sense to me in connection with the line in the example poems The elements of the Schwim Sonnet are: 3 quatrains followed by a single stich. metric, the quatrains are iambic pentameter, the closing single line is anapest-iamb-iamb-anapest, dadaDUM / daDUM / daDUM / dada DUM. rhymed, (a/a)b(c/c)d (e/e)b(f/f)d (g/g)b(h/h)d d with the odd numbered lines of the quatrains carrying internal rhyme at the 2nd metric foot with the end word. pivot at the last line. The Serenity Refrain is a little like the Quatern with a tumbling refrain. This invented verse form was created by Billie Jean Murchinson, found at All Poetry. The elements of the Serenity Refrain are: A poem in 30 lines made up 6 quintains. Syllabic, 7 syllables per line. Rhymed, scheme Rhyme Scheme: A1A2B1B2A3 / aA1cca / ddA1ad / eeaA1e / aaffA1 / A1A2B1B2A3. Written with a tumbling refrain L1-S1tumbling down to L2-S2, L3-S3, L4-S4, and L5-S5. The final stanza, S6 is simply a repetition of S1 The Signature Sonnet is another invented sonnet pretender in 3 quintains also introduced by B Chandler. The elements of the Signature Sonnet are: stanzaic, written in 3 quintains. metric, written in iambic tetrameter. rhymed, turned on only 2 rhymes aabba bbaab ababa Looking for Friends by Lawrence Eberhart @ Every Sonnet I saw on Craig's old list a note: and this is not a direct quote. "I need a friend for night-time fun, it could be that you are the one." I guessed what those words might connote. he said she liked the summer sun, where sometimes clothes would come undone; she said she had a little boat and lake with privacy, to float. I thought I'd go- not walk, but run. I'm figured that I should devote some time before the deal was done, to check the things of which she wrote She weighed a quarter metric ton and smelled like someone's Billy goat. November 11, 2013 The Shanzi is an invented verse form created by Andreas Gripp of London Ontario and found on Lawrencealot’s blog. The form is a kind of expanded haiku. The elements of the Shanzi are: A verse form written in 7 lines, 2 uneven couplets followed by a tercet, Syllabic, 4-5 / 5-4 / 4-4-5 syllables per line. Unrhymed. Title at the discretion of poet Constructed with: L1-L2 Introduce the subject L3-L4 “amplifies” the image or subject. L5-L7 provide a parallel image to inspire meditation. Slide Sonnet is an invented sonnet form created by Victoria Sutton that brings a unique repetition to the form. The elements of the Slide Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 3 quatrains followed by a couplet. syllabic, 8 syllables per line. rhymed, rhyme scheme aabb ccdd eeff gg, or abab cdcd efef gg or abba cddc effe gg. composed with sliding refrain. The first half of L1 slides to be repeated as the last half of L3 in each quatrain, pivot placement at the discretion of the poet. Tet Zayin Sonnet in Hebrew is the number 16. The recently invented form by the same name, introduced by Amera M Anderson stays true to the number and is a syllabic poem in 16 lines but brings into question whether or not it should be called a sonnet which would normally be written in 14 lines. The elements of the Tet Zayin are: a poem in 16 lines made up of 4 quatrains. syllabic, envelope or alternating stanzas of 11 and 9 syllables.. rhymed, Aabb bbcc ccdd ddaA. begins and ends with the same line. (Obviously in the alternating syllable count version the L1 of the poem will need to be shortened by 3 syllables when it is reapeated as L16.) x x x x x x x x x x A x x x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x d x x x x x x x x d x x x x x x x x x x d x x x x x x x x x x d x x x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x x x x A x x x x x x x x x x A x x x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x x b x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x x x d x x x x x x x x x x d x x x x x x x x d x x x x x x x x d x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x x A The Tirrell Sonnet was invented by R.L. Leonard, aka Tirrell The elements of the Tirrell Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of two couplets enveloping two tercets enveloping a quatrain. Or a couplet, a tercet, a quatrain, a tercet, and a couplet, in that order. meter and pivot are at the poet’s discretion. rhymed, rhyme scheme: A1A2 bcb cddc bcb A2A1 Composed with L1 and L2 reversed and repeated as a refrain at the end of the poem. Tirrell Quatern Sonnet is an invented sonnet form borrowing the Quatern's rolling refrtain and 8 syllable lines. I'm unsure who the inventor is, R.L. Leonard, aka Tirrell or an Australian poet Bruce Henderson or a combination of both. The elements of the Tirrell Quatern Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 3 quatrains followed by a couplet syllabic, to be true to the French Quatern, 8 syllables lines is appropriate. unrhymed, but allowed at the discretion of the poet. composed with L1 a refrain, repeated in L6, L11, L14 pivot at the discretion of the poet.
  12. Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms Vole Central is the web site of UK educator and poet, Bob Newman where knowledge, skilled writing and humor are the perfect balance to deliver inspiration and a "how to" to countless students of poetry such as myself. Certainly Newman covers the basics of verse but he also has some unique and challenging forms which are exclusively on his web site. Some of the more intriguing are now also on this page. The Balanced Sonnet is noted as not a sonnet because it doesn't use the octave-sestet sonnet pattern but then technically neither does the Shakespearean sonnet. So as long as the poem sings in 14 lines with a pivot or turn somewhere within, I think one could call it a sonnet. This form was created by Barbara Dilworth. The elements of the Balanced Sonnet are: a quatorzain, made up of 2 California Rhyme Stanzas.. metered, iambic pentameter. rhymed, rhyme scheme ababcbc dedefdf. no placement of pivot prescribed. The Bina is an invented verse form created by Bob Newman at the Poetry By Way and found on the internet at his site and at Poetry Base . The Bina is a shortened variation of the Sestina. The elements of the Bina are: a pentastich. A poem in 5 lines. metered, predominantly iambic pentameter(or close). Lines are equal length. composed with end words limited to 2 words that are repeated in numerical sequence and one of the words appears internally in L5. Words 1-2-2-1-2 with word 1 appearing midway in L5 L1 ends with word #1 L2 ends with word #2 L3 ends with word #2 L4 ends with word #1 L5 midway word #1, ends with word #2. Here is an example of a poem written using the Bina frame and following two thematic poetic genres, Aubaude and Serenade. "Ades" Stiilis Bina(2 love poems for Joe D.) by DC Martinson Aubade Cleaving half the horizon, the morning sun cuts across the eyelid of the earth, and in a forever-moment the earth is outside of now: not dawn, not morning. Yet I'd crave You, my morning; You, my earth. Serenade Shuttering up the horizon, the night throes – heavy blanket on the face of earth, regardless of the weather on the earth. Yet shroud me with Your fibrous self this night and I'd succumb: You, my night; You, my earth. The California Rhymed Stanza is a septet used in the Balanced Sonnet but could be used as a stand alone poem or be written in any number of stanzas. It was created by Barbara Dilworth and introduced at Vol Central. The elements of the California Rhymed Stanza are: stanzaic, written in any number of septets, 7 line stanzas. metered or not at the discretion of the poet. (When used in a sonnet, in deference to the sonnet form, iambic pentameter would be my choice.) rhymed, scheme ababcbc. Decrina is a longer version of the Sestina attributed to Bob Neuman but I couldn't find it at his website Poetry By Way. I did find it at Poetry Base however. Having written a Sestina, I can't imagine why anyone would even consider attempting a longer version of the form. The elements of the Decrina are: stanzaic, ten 10 line stanzas with a 5 line envoy, a total of 105 lines. metered, lines of equal length, like the Sestina, iambic pentameter or iambic tetrameter. repeated end words in a specific pattern. (Numbers represent words) 0123456789 1357902468 3704815926 7419630852 4938271605 9876543210 8642097531 6295184073 2580369147 5061728394 I can only assume the envoy is like the Sestina with even #ed words midline and odd #ed words as end words. 0-9,8-7,6-5,4-3,2-1 Domino Rhyme is a very clever innovation of Bob Newman which can be found at his site as well as many others on the internet. Much like a slinky, rhymes tumble from stanza to stanza, it is something he calls "remote rhyming". The elements of the Domino Rhyme are: stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains. metered, written in a loose tetrameter. Lines should be same length. rhymed. L2 and L3 of the first stanza rhyme with L1 and L4 of the next stanza and so on down until the last stanza when L2 and L3 rhyme with L1 and L4 of the first stanza. abcd befc eghf gijh ... iadj. The puSlogh vagh is a little something for the Star Trek fan. This stanzaic form, according to Bob Newman is a Klingon form. Apparently the Klingon language has only 5 vowel sounds. To preserve the Klingon spirit of the verse one should only use the short vowel sounds of a e i o u as in bag-beg-big-bog and bug. It is important to go by sound not spelling. You really should read Newman's description of the form for which I provide this link, Vol Central. I add no new insight, I am just passing on what I read there. The elements of the puSlogh vagh are: stanzaic, written in any number of cinquains. However until you speak Klingon fluently I recommend you stick with just one cinquain. isosyllabic, same number of syllables per line. The number of syllables is determined by the first line, it can be as few as 4 and as many as 10. composed with at least 2 "strongholds" within each line. The strong hold position is determined by the poet and established in the first line. A stronghold is specific syllabic positions for a repeated sound. In this case assonant rhyme. In other words, the vowel sound could be in the 3rd syllable of each line and 6th syllable of each line, or the 1st, 4th syllable and 6th syllable of each line. It could even be the 1st and 4th syllables with no end rhyme. etc.. written with a different key vowel in each line, the order of which is at the discretion of the poet. The vowel sound can be repeated once, twice or even more depending on the length of the line and inventiveness of the poet, but it must be repeated at least once in the strong hold position in each line. Here is an example, not great poetry but I'm just learning Klingon, so please forgive me. The strong hold is in the 3rd and 6th position of each line. The Hat and the Cat by Judi Van Gorder my cat smacked the straw hat then he saw the brown dog playing fetch with a net which he won having fun its no sin to win quick. The Scupham Sonnet is noted at Vol Central as not a "proper" sonnet, probably because of the lack of prescribed pivot. It was created by British poet Peter Scupham and uses the Scupham Stanza. The elements of the Scupham Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 2 Schupham stanzas (sixains) followed by a rhymed couplet. metered, iambic pentameter. rhymed, scheme abccba deffed gg. no prescribed place for a pivot but most good poetry naturally has a pivot or turn someplace within the poem. The Scupham Stanza is a sixain used in the Scupham Sonnet but which could be stand-alone poem or written in any number. It was created by British poet, Peter Scupham and is found at Vol Central. The elements of the Scupham stanza are: stanzaic, written in any number of sixains. metered or not at the discretion of the poet. (When using it in a sonnet, in deference to the form, iambic pentameter would be my choice.) rhymed, scheme abccba.
  13. David W. Parsley

    Prelude: The Attunement

    PRELUDE: THE ATTUNEMENT May: I am looking for your voice. The night is gravely wounded by your absence. Each mountain yields to what cannot be learned of the darkness: a fading more powerful than persuasions of the bright unrememberable; clouds like gauze or ermine drawn across the distance of vision receding to impermanence. The air assumes without pain its duties. Burden of separation is lifting with mist from the dew. Each naked embrace of your arm I commit to the memory of hills, fog afloat dawn on their sleeping shoulders. Trees lick the light like infant giraffes at the ear of day. The repertoire of the forest is endless. The wilderness tunes like an orchestra. Morning comes. We wait for you to conduct. first published in Poetry Panorama of the Utah State Poetry Society winner Lake Oswego Festival of the Arts © 2011 David W. Parsley Parsley Poetry Collection
  14. Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Poetic Movements from 13th, 14th and 15th Centuries Renaissance Poetry begins with the poetry of Petrarch (1304-1374) and extends for 200 years. "This period exploited the formal devices of lyric form." NEOPP It was marked by linguistic purity. Petrarch, Spenser, Milton and a host of others over most of Europe are the poets of this age. On May Morning by John Milton Now the bright morning Star, Day's harbinger, Comes dancing from the East, and leads with her The Flowery May, who from her green lap throws The yellow Cowslip, and the pale Primrose. Hail bounteous May that dost inspire Mirth and youth, and warm desire, Woods and Groves, are of thy dressing, Hill and Dale, doth boast thy blessing. Thus we salute thee with our early Song, And welcome thee, and wish thee long. Sicilian Poets were associated with the court of Emperor Frederick II (1220-1250) in Palermo and included the Emperor himself. Probably the best known was Giacomo da Lentini who is attributed with writing the first sonnet. 13th century (Sicilian Sonnet) by Giacomo Lentini "first true sonnet" 1197-1250 lo m'aggio posto in core a Dio servire , com 'io potesse gire in paradiso, al santo loco, c'aggio audito dire, o' si mantien sollazzo, gioco e riso. Sanza mia donna non vi voria gire, quella c'a blonda testa e claro viso, che sanza lei non poteria gaudere, estando da la mia donna diviso. Ma no lo dico a tale intendimento, perch 'io pecato ci volesse fare; se non veder lo suo bel portamento e lo bel viso e 'l morbido sguardare: che'l mi teria in gran consolamento, veggendo la mia donna in ghiora stare. a- --- b a b a b a b c d c d c d I have set my heart on serving God, so that I may go to Paradise, to the holy place I have heard people speak about, where pleasure, joy and merriment never cease. Without my lady, I would not want to go there, the one who has blond hair and a shilling brow, for without her, I could not have any joy, being separated from my lady. But I am not saying this with the intention that I might want to commit a sin there; but only in order to see her dignified bearing and the beautiful face and the sweet gaze, for I would consider it a great consolation, beholding my lady standing in glory. Troubadours are from the Middle Ages,12th - 13th centuries, named from the Occitan verb "trobar" = to compose or invent. The troubadour should be distinguished as composers of verse from the jongluer who was usually his servant of lesser class and a minstrel who merely performed the troubadour's composition. The troubadours from the south of France and northern Italy planted the seeds for many verse forms still used today such as the alba, canson, sestina, sonnet, etc. These poets were often of nobility and wealth, including 23 princes and 1 king, Because of his station the troubadour was given great latitude in speech and wrote about love as well as politics from their own perspective. In the 200 year span of popularity, there were only around 400 known troubadours all together. Jaufre Rudel, Arnaut Daniel Guiraut de Bornein and Bernart de Ventadorn. are a few of the troubadours who's works have survived. A passage from a troubadouric poem by Guiraut de Bornelh Mas per melhs assire mon chan, vau cercan bos motz en fre que son tuit cargat e ple d'us estranhs sens naturals; mas no sabon tuich de cals. "But for the better foundation of my song I keep on the watch for words good on the rein (i.e. tractable like horses), which are all loaded (like pack horses) and full of a meaning which is unusual, and yet is wholly theirs (naturals); but it is not everyone that knows what that meaning is". Troubadours a free ebook Chpt 3 pg 37 by Rev. H.J. Chaytor M.A. Trouvères were northern French poets who also composed during the 12th and 13th centuries they were influenced by the troubadours . The group included poets such as Gâce Brulé and Blondel de Nesle.
  15. Tinker

    Mason Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart American Verse The Mason Sonnet is an invented sonnet form created by American poet Madeline Mason in 1953. It is the rhyme scheme that sets this sonnet apart from others. This was found in the Study and Writing of Poetry; American Women Poets Discuss, 1983 and has been used in workshops throughout the US. The elements of the Mason Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of a octave and a sestet. metered, iambic pentameter. rhymed, a-b-c-a-b-c-c-b d-b-a-d-d-a. composed with a pivot developed after the octave. Marking the Day by David Parsley answer to Job's lament, for protests from a lady I love To well wish or utter the b-word aloud would defy a constraint cardinal, sincere. Leaving no room for alternate interpretation, you gain my promise. I will not cheat. It is the day I propose to celebrate, not you. The one in which somebody wearing white emerged to explain a girl is born and it was you making such din, swimming your way to inquire beyond the womb. Without it there would be absence, no lips or quiver to contain my arrows, summon the me that is true guided through motions barer than memory where soul reclaims soul as wave across sandbar lingers after journey through dusk, singing path of the moon, her favored stars, mansions of illimitable sky.
  16. Tinker

    Glorionic Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart American Verse The Glorionic Sonnet is an invented sonnet form inspired by the writing of John Milton. This is a contest form which has been used by many workshops. Introduced by Gloria Martin in 1976 and found in The Study and Writing of Poetry; American Women Poets Discuss Their Craft, 1983. The elements of the Glorionic Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of an octave and a sestet. metric, iambic pentameter. rhymed, aabbbccc ddedee. composed with the pivot in the declamatory end couplet.
  17. Tinker

    Saraband

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Spanish Verse The Saraband is a stanzaic form; the rhythm of which is an imitation of a dance pattern from the East that was brought to the Spanish court in the 16th century. The form quickly spread to the French and Italian courts, each country adding its stamp in the rhyme scheme. In long poems it is not uncommon to mix Spanish, Italian and/or French septets. This was found at Poet's Garret. There is also a sonnet variation of the Saraband. The elements of the Saraband are: stanzaic, written in any number of septets, each made up of a tercet followed by a quatrain. originally octasyllabic, but iambic and trochaic pentameter have be used. rhymed, Spanish rhyme aaa bcbc, English rhyme axa bcbc , French only axa bbcc, Italian aaa bccb or axa bccb. X being unrhymed. Italian Saraband by Judi Van Gorder The courtier extends his toe in step with the musical flow and to his lady fair bows low The lady feigns in pantomime the role of a shy shepherd girl then winks and gives her skirts a swirl. The chamber strings are quick in time. The elements of the Saraband Sonnet are: stanzaic, a quatorzain, composed of only 2 septets. octasyllabic or iambic or trochaic tetrameter but an extra foot can be added to use the sonnet classic iambic pentameter meter. rhymed, rhyme scheme English Saraband axabcbc axabcbc, Spanish Saraband aaabcbc aaabcbc, French Saraband axabbcc axabbcc or aAabbcc aAabbcc, Italian Saraband axabccb axabccb or abacddc abacddc, x being unrhymed.
  18. Tinker

    Stretched Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart A Stretched Sonnet is any poem that has the sound and feel of a sonnet but stretches the boundaries of frame and meter. With this definition, you might say all sonnet variations created after the Sicilian Sonnet might loosely be called Stretched Sonnets, but commonly the term Stretched Sonnet refers to poems that are slightly out of sync with the formal guidelines of the sonnet's 14 lines and iambic pentameter yet still have the sound of a lyrical meditation. In Memory of Eva Gore-Booth and Con Markiewicz by William Butler Yeats has been referred to as a Stretched Sonnet. Note the iambic tetrameter and the 20 line strophe followed by a 12 line strophe certainly stretch the boundaries of a traditional sonnet. But the shape of a longer strophe followed by a shorter strophe with a turn or pivot occurring from one to the other and the lyrical, meditative nature of the piece give the poem the feel of a traditional sonnet. The light of evening, Lissadell, Great windows open to the south, Two girls in silk kimonos, both Beautiful, one a gazelle. But a raving autumn shears Blossom from the summer's wreath; The older is condemned to death, Pardoned, drags out lonely years Conspiring among the ignorant. I know not what the younger dreams - Some vague Utopia- and she seems, When withered old and skeleton-gaunt, An image of such politics. Many a time I think to seek One or the other out and speak Of that old Georgian mansion, mix pictures of the mind, recall That table and the talk of youth, Two girls in silk kimonos, both Beautiful, one a gazelle. Dear shadows, now you know it all, All the folly of a fight With a common wrong or right. The innocent and the beautiful Have no enemy but time; Arise and bid me strike a match And strike another till time catch; Should the conflagration climb, Run till all the sages know. We the great gazebo built, They convicted us of guilt; Bid me strike a match and blow.
  19. Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Spanish Verse The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart The Spanish Soneta or Spanish Sonnet, Spain's variation of the little song is written in hendecasyllabic lines. It was influenced by its Italian neighbors and uses an Italian and Sicilian rhyme schemes. The Soneta is often used for monologues or exchanging vows of love. El Marqués de Santillana ( 1398-1458), was the first to write sonnets in the Spanish language. His unpublished works were in the Petrarchan form. By the 16th century, two Spanish "gentleman writers", Juan Boscán and Garcilaso de la Vega, popularized the form. But it was 17th century Francisco Quevedo who brought the sonnet to the forefront of Spanish literature. The elements of the Spanish Soneta are: a quatorzain made up of 2 Italian quatrains followed by a Sicilian sestet. syllabic, hendecasyllabic lines. In English often written in iambic pentameter. rhymed, rhyme scheme abba abba cdcdcd, pivot develops logically after the 2nd quatrain. Sonneto XX by Pablo Neruda Mi fea, eres una castaña despeinada, mi bella, eres hermosa como el viento, mi fea, de tu boca se pueden hacer dos, mi bella, son tus besos frescos como sandías Mi fea, ¿dónde están escondidos tus senos? Son mínimos como dos copas de trigo. Me gustaría verte dos lunas en el pecho: las gigantescas torres de tu soberanía. Mi fea, el mar no tiene tus uñas en su tienda, mi bella, flor a flor, estrella por estrella, ola por ola, amor, he contado tu cuerpo: mi fea, te amo por tu cintura de oro, mi bella, te amo por una arruga en tu frente, amor, te amo por clara y por oscura. My ugly, you're an uncombed chestnut, my belle, you're beautiful like the wind, my ugly, two mouths can be made out of yours, my belle, fresh like watermelons are your kisses. My ugly, where do your breasts hide? They're tiny like two cups of wheat. I'd like to see two moons in your chest: the gigantic towers of your sovereignty. My ugly, the sea hasn't got your nails in its store my belle, flower by flower, star by star, wave by wave, love, I've counted your body: my ugly, I love you because of your waist of gold, my belle, I love you because of a wrinkle in your forehead, love, I love you because you're clear and dark. To my Brothers by John Keats Small busy flames play through the fresh laid coals And their faint cracklings o'er our silence creep Like whispers of the household gods that keep A gentle empire o'er fraternal souls. And while for rhymes, I search around the poles, Your eyes are fixed, as in poetic sleep, Upon the lore so voluble and deep That aye at fall of night our care condoles. This is your birthday Tom, and I rejoice That thus it passes smoothly, quietly. Many such eves of gently whisp'ring noise May we together pass and calmly try What are this worlds true joy, - ere the great voice From its fair face, shall bid our spirits fly.
  20. Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Southeast Asian Verse Viet Nam is the eastern most country of Southeast Asia bordered by China, Laos, Cambodia and the South China Sea. Its literary history goes back to the 10th century in folk verse (Ca dau). Many of the forms are named simply for the syllable count, word count or line count. Because of the musical and complicated rhythm and rhyme of Viet poetry, it is rich in "word play". Onomatopoeia is common and direct imagery (phu), metaphoric imagery (ti) and the emotion or tone (hung) are balanced. The luc-bat (six-eight) is the most popular of Viet folk verse sung by minstrels and peasants from the 11th century. The form is made up of a number of tonal rhythms with both end and medial rhyme. The early pieces were meant to be chanted, and later became limited block print editions circulated among friends and connoisseurs and printed in ch nom, the script of the 11th century. There is, in Vietnamese, a syllabic tone in the pattern. The defining feature other than the tonal pattern that cannot be duplicated in English is the climbing rhyme pattern. The Viet poem The Tale of Kieu by Nguyen Du alternates between flat or even tones and sharp or oblique tones which cannot be duplicated in English. Tram nam trong coi nguoi a Chu tai chu menh kheola ghet nhau Trai qua mot cuoc be dau Nhung pieu trong thay ma pau pon long The elements of the luc-bat are: syllabic, alternating lines of 6-8 syllables. The alternating lines can continue almost without limit, the number of lines can reach several thousand in the case of long narratives. rhymed, climbing rhyme scheme. x x x x x a x x x x x a x b x x x x x b x x x x x b x c x x x x x c x x x x x c x d and so on..... suited for poems of proverbs and sayings, work songs , love songs, children's songs, lullabies and riddle. Taking Care of Business by Judi Van Gorder Procrastination stays detached from work and plays the game to seem employed. I tame the urge to flee the blame and keep eyes averted then leap sideways or pretend sleep. Beware the tempting fun trap, dare take charge, avoid the snare, begin with one small part, grin in expectation, pin your goal, ready, set, rock and roll. The Song That Luc Bat is a language specific stanzaic form from Viet Nam. The form specifies placement of flat or sharp sounds which are impossible to emulate in English, but if you are willing to overlook that one feature, an English Song That Luc Bat is a challenge some might like to attempt. The name literally means double seven, six- eight. The elements of the Song That Luc Bat are: stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains. syllabic, 7-7-6-8 syllables per line. rhymed, climbing rhyme, including internal and linking rhyme. a ab b bc cd de e ef etc. L2 internally rhymes with L1, L5 carries the linking rhyme to the next stanza. composed with sharp and flat sounds. This of course is language specific and impossible in English but we try. x x ♭ x ♭ x a ♯ x x ♭ x a♯ x b♭ x ♭ x ♯ x b♭ x ♭ x ♯ x b♭ x c♭ x x ♭ x c♭ x d♯ x x ♭ x d♯ x e♭ x ♭ x ♯ x e♭ x ♭ x ♯ x e♭ x f♭ Song That Luc Bat Sonnet is not a Viet form but a recent invented form which uses 3 Song That Luc Bat quatrains and ends with a couplet framed at the poet's discretion. The final couplet can be a repetition of L12 followed by a repetition of L1 or it could simply be a 6 syllable rhymed couplet, best using the last linking I rhyme. Sonnet Comparison Chart The elements of the Song That Luc Bat Sonnet are: a quatorzain, made up of 3 Song That Luc Bat quatrains followed by a rhymed couplet. syllabic, stanzas 1,2,3 are 7-7-6-8 syllables per line, it is recommended the end couplet is 7 syllable lines. rhymed, climbing rhyme including internal and linking rhyme. a ab b bc cd de e ef fg gh h hi ii. x x x x x x a x x x x a x b x x x x x b x x x x b x c x x x x c x d x x x x c x e x x x x x e x x x x e x f x x x x f x g x x x x g x h x x x x x h x x x x h x I x x x x x x I x x x x x x i Tho Bon Chu or Four Word Verse is written as its name implies, measuring the number of words per line rather than syllables. The elements of the Tho Bon Chu are: stanzaic, written in a series of couplets. measured by the number of words in the line, each line has 4 word. rhymed, tonal rhyme in 1 of 2 distinct pattern and often end rhymed at the poets discretion. w=word Language specific. When end rhymed. w ♭w a# w # w a♭ or w # w a♭ w ♭w a# When not end rhymed w ♭w # w # w ♭ or w # w ♭ w ♭w # Tho Nam Chu or Five Word Verse is measured by word count and written in quatrains. When written in octaves it is known as Five-Eight Poetry The elements of the Tho Nam Chu are: stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains. It can also be written in octaves. measured by number of words, 5 words per line. tonal and end rhymed, end rhyme schem aaxa bbxb ccxc etc. x being unrhymed. When written in octaves the rhyme aaxaaaxa bbxbbbxb ect. The tonal scheme appears to be in alternating the flat and sharp sound in the 2nd and 4th words like the Tho Bon Chu. Tho Sau Chu or Six Word Verse is measured by word count and uses either alternate of envelope rhyme. It can be written in quatrains or octaves. When written in octaves it is called Six-Eight Poetry The elements of the Tho Sau Chu are: stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains. It can also be written in any number of octaves. measured by word count, 6 words per line. rhymed, either alternate, abab cdcd etc. (when written as Six-Eight abababab cdcdcdcd etc.) or envelope, abba cddc etc. (when written in octaves abbaabba cddccddc etc.) Tho Bay Chu or Seven Word Poetry is written with seemingly more flexible tonal pattern than most Viet verse with the exception of when an end word is flat, the 3rd word must be sharp and when the end word is sharp, the 3rd word in the line must be flat. The elements of the Tho Bay Chu are: stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains. measured by number of words, 7 words per line. rhymed, tonal rhyme appears to be at the discretion of the poet except if and end word is flat, the 3rd word of the line must be sharp or if the end word is sharp, the 3rd word of the line must be flat. End rhyme aaxa bbxb etc. or xaxa xbxb etc. Tho Tam Chu or Eight Word Poetry appears to be more flexible in stanza length as well as tonal and end rhyme. The rhyme schemes are patterns I found in actual poems. It appears to me that as long as there is rhyme, it probably doesn't matter what the pattern is. The elements of the Tho Tam Chu are: stanzaic, written in any number of either tercets, quatrains or septets. measured by the number of words in the line, 8 word per line. rhymed, tonal rhyme is flexible except, if the end word is sharp then the 3rd word is also sharp and words 5 and 6 are flat. Conversely if the end word is flat then the 3rd word is also flat and the 5th and 6th words are sharp. end rhyme when written in tercets w w w w w w w a w w w w w w a b w w w w b w w b when written in quatrains is: w w w w w w w w or w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w a w w w w w w w a w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w a w w w w w w w a w w w w w w w w when written as a septet w w w w w w w a w w w w w w w a w w w w w w w a w w w w w w w a w w w w w w w b w w w w w w w b w w w w w w w w
  21. Tinker

    Wyatt/Surrey Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart English Verse Although the sonnet began in Italy in the 13th century, Thomas Wyatt 1503-1542, was one of the first English poets to translate and utilize the form. He used the Petrarchan octave but introduced a rhyming couplet at the end of the sestet. His friend the Earl of Surrey also initiated more rhyme. The Italian form was restricted to 5 rhymes. After Wyatt and Surrey the sonnet could have 7 rhymes. They also shifted the sonnet away from the slightly more intellectual and argumentative Petrarchan form, and gave new importance to the ending, declamatory couplet. This Wyatt/Surrey adaptation of the sonnet has not been officially named, at least I haven't found an assigned designation yet. So for the sake of identification I call it the Wyatt/Surrey Sonnet. The elements of the Wyatt/Surrey sonnet are: a quatorzain, written with a Petrarchan octave followed by an envelope quatrain ending with a rhyming couplet. metric, primarily iambic pentameter. the rhyme scheme is abbaabba cddc ee. it is composed with the volta (non physical gap) or pivot (a shifting or tilting of the main line of thought) sometime after the 2nd quatrain. distinguished by the declamatory couplet. A Renouncing of Love by Sir Thomas Wyatt Farewell, Love and all thy laws for ever; --- Thy baited hooks shall tangle me no more. Senec, and Plato, call me from thy lore, To perfect wealth, my wit for to endeavour; In blind error when I did persever, Thy sharp repulse, that pricketh aye so sore, Taught me in trifles that I set no store ; But scaped forth thence, since, liberty is lever Therefore, farewell ! go trouble younger hearts, And in me claim no more authority : With idle youth go use thy property, And thereon spend thy many brittle darts : --- For, hitherto though I have lost my time, --- Me list no longer rotten boughs to clime. The fancy of a wearier lover by Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey The fancy, which that I have served long, That hath alway been enemy to mine ease, Semed of late to rue upon my wrong, And bade me fly the cause of my misease. And I forthwith did press out of the throng, That thought by flight my painfull heart to please Some other way: til I saw faith more strong: And to my self I said: alas, those days In vain were spent, to run the race so long. And with that thought, I met my guide, that plan Out of the way wherin I wandered wrong, Brought me amidst the hills, in base Bullayn: Where I am now, as restless to remain, Against my will, full pleased with my pain. Next Sir Edmund Spenser gets into the act 4. Spenserian Sonnet
  22. Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart English Verse The Shakespearean, English or Elizabethan Sonnet By Shakespeare's time, (his works are believed to date from 1590 through 1613), the sonnet had already been established in English poetry, thanks primarily to Wyatt, Surrey and Spenser William Shakespeare utilized and popularized the sonnet with the declamatory couplet. His popularity springboarded the sonnet to a prominent place in English literature and become the 2nd dominant sonnet form along side the Petrarchan or Italian Sonnet. The Shakespearean Sonnet, sometimes called the English Sonnet or Elizabethan Sonnet, does not use the octave/sestet structure of the Italian Sonnet. It is usually found in three quatrains ending with a rhyming couplet. Although the Italian form often pivots between the octave and the sestet, the Shakespearean Sonnet pivots deeper into the poem, sometime after line 9 or 10. Shakespeare even delayed the pivot until the 13th line in his Sonnet 30. Wherein the Italian sonnet discloses the epiphany of the subject slowly, the Shakespearean Sonnet makes a swift leap to the epiphany at the ending couplet. Shakespeare knew well the sonnet sequence is not a way of telling a story, but exists for the sake of prolonged lyrical meditation. His thoughts, his dreams, his loves all playout in this musical form. The elements of the English or Shakespearean Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 3 quatrains and ending in a rhymed couplet. metric, written in iambic pentameter. Sometimes the opening line of the sonnet begins with the first foot, a trochee before the poem falls into a regular iambic pattern. composed with the volta (a non physical gap) or pivot (a shifting or tilting of the main line of thought) deep into the poem, varied but always well after the 2nd quatrain. developed so that each quatrain progresses toward a surprising turn of events in the ending couplet. The epiphany of the poem arrives in a swift leap at the end. rhymed with up to 7 rhymes with a rhyme scheme is abab cdcd efef gg. composed with an ending rhymed couplet which should be declamatory and the defining feature of the sonnet. This couplet is often the loudest, most powerful part of the sonnet. Twelfth Night Sonnet by Judi Van Gorder from Act I Scene IV by William Shakespeare Viola, shipwrecked, pretends to be a boy in the service of Duke Orosini. She falls in love with him. He, thinking her his male servant sends her on an errand to woo the fair Olivia for him. Her response as Shakespeare wrote it is: Viola:"I'll do my best To woo your lady:" Aside Viola says: "yet, a barful strife! Whoe'er I woo, myself would be his wife." Instead of Shakey's response, here is what I think she really said in sonnet form….. In your command I pledge I'll do my best To sing of you as hero, strong and fair and press the thought of you inside her breast that for your love, tis nothing she won't dare On your behalf with ruptured heart I meet To woo Olivia, the lovely lass and lay sweet blossoms at her dainty feet allowing all my hopes and dreams to pass Oh would that you could see beyond my dress No lad am I to tell your ribald jokes, A maid am I who pines for your caress and on your love for her, forever chokes. Alas I find this scene "a barful strife! Whoe'er I woo, myself would be his wife." For Pauline by Judi Van Gorder Again, brand new the acts of life unfold in chaos as her mind is purged and hurled. At every turn she must be watched and told, in vain she tries to comprehend her world. Before, she was a mother, now a child. Routine and care create dramatic masks when eyes look lost where once they probed and smiled. In fright she looks for him, Where's Leigh? She asks. Bewilderment and dread can lead to rage, Where's Leigh? her voice demands, the same refrain. Serenity and ease should come with age still, loyal friends and those she loved remain. The mystery delays instinctive tears while she resides unconscious of our fears. Now for the real deal ..... XVIII. To His Love by William Shakespeare(1564-1616) SHALL I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate: Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer's lease hath all too short a date; Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimm'd; And every fair from fair sometime declines, By chance, or nature's changing course, untrimm'd. But thy eternal summer shall not fade, Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st; Nor shall Death brag thou wanderest in his shade, When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st:— So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see, So long lives this, and this gives life to thee. CXCVIII. "Bright Star! by John Keats(1795-1821) BRIGHT Star! would I were steadfast as thou art— Not in lone splendor hung aloft the night, And watching, with eternal lids apart, Like Nature's patient sleepless Eremite, The moving waters at their priest-like task Of pure ablution round earth's human shores, Or gazing on the new soft fallen mask Of snow upon the mountains and the moors:— No—yet still steadfast, still unchangeable, Pillow'd upon my fair Love's ripening breast To feel for ever its soft fall and swell, Awake for ever in a sweet unrest; Still, still to hear her tender-taken breath, And so live ever,—or else swoon to death. Burns Sonnet is named for Robert Burn's attempts at writing the sonnet form. He used the frame of the English or Shakespearean Sonnet form except, his Scottish burr shines through. Iambic pentameter was not natural to him and was therefore not attempted. The elements of the Burns's Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 3 quatrains followed by a couplet. written with lines approximate length, with the rhythm of a Scottish brogue. rhymed abab cdcd efef gg. pivot or volta late in sonnet A Sonnet upon Sonnets by Robert Burns Fourteen, a sonneteer thy praises sings; What magic myst'ries in that number lie! Your hen hath fourteen eggs beneath her wings That fourteen chickens to the roost may fly. Fourteen full pounds the jockey's stone must be; His age fourteen--a horse's prime is past. Fourteen long hours too oft the Bard must fast; Fourteen bright bumpers--bliss he ne'er must see! Before fourteen, a dozen yields the strife; Before fourteen--e'en thirteen's strength is vain. Fourteen good years--a woman gives us life; Fourteen good men--we lose that life again. What lucubrations can be more upon it? Fourteen good measur'd verses make a sonnet. Reversed English Sonnet is simply a Shakespearean or English Sonnet with a reversed order of stanzas and rhyme scheme. aa bcbc dede fgfg "Sonnet Reversed" by Rupert Brooke Hand trembling towards hand; the amazing lights Of heart and eye. They stood on supreme heights. Ah, the delirious weeks of honeymoon! Soon they returned, and, after strange adventures, Settled at Balham by the end of June. Their money was in Can. Pacs. B. Debentures, And in Antofagastas. Still he went Cityward daily; still she did abide At home. And both were really quite content With work and social pleasures. Then they died. They left three children (besides George, who drank): The eldest Jane, who married Mr Bell, William, the head-clerk in the County Bank, And Henry, a stock-broker, doing well. Returning to Italy Caudate Sonnet
  23. Tinker

    Caudate or Tailed Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart Italian Verse The Caudate Sonnet, sometimes called a Tailed Sonnet, is an extended sonnet with a coda or tail added at the end. It was first attributed to the Italian poet Francesco Berni (1497-1536). This sonnet verse form is often used for satire. The elements of the Caudate Sonnet are: strophic, a Petrarchan Sonnet, followed by a 1/2 line and a heroic couplet, this may also be followed by additional "tails". The tail and couplet are akin to the Bob and Wheel. The poem can be from 17 to 24 lines. metric, the sonnet portion is iambic pentameter. The tail line is iambic trimeter and the subsequent couplets are iambic pentameter. rhymed, abbaabbacdcdcd dee . The rhyme scheme using 24 lines as in the following Hopkins poem is abbaabbacdcdcd dee cff fgg g. THAT NATURE IS A HERACLITEAN FIRE by Gerard Manley Hopkins CLOUD-PUFFBALL, torn tufts, tossed pillows ' flaunt forth, then chevy on an air- built thoroughfare: heaven-roysterers, in gay-gangs ' they throng; they glitter in marches. Down roughcast, down dazzling whitewash, ' wherever an elm arches, Shivelights and shadowtackle in long ' lashes lace, lance, and pair. Delightfully the bright wind boisterous ' ropes, wrestles, beats earth bare Of yestertempest's creases; in pool and rut peel parches Squandering ooze to squeezed ' dough, crust, dust; stanches, starches Squadroned masks and manmarks ' treadmire toil there Footfretted in it. Million-fuelèd, ' nature's bonfire burns on. But quench her bonniest, dearest ' to her, her clearest-selvèd spark Man, how fast his firedint, ' his mark on mind, is gone! Both are in an unfathomable, all is in an enormous dark Drowned. O pity and indig ' nation! Manshape, that shone Sheer off, disseveral, a star, ' death blots black out; nor mark Is any of him at all so stark But vastness blurs and time ' beats level. Enough! the Resurrection, A heart's-clarion! Away grief's gasping, ' joyless days, dejection. Across my foundering deck shone A beacon, an eternal beam. ' Flesh fade, and mortal trash Fall to the residuary worm; ' world's wildfire, leave but ash: In a flash, at a trumpet crash, I am all at once what Christ is, ' since he was what I am, and This Jack, joke, poor potsherd, ' patch, matchwood, immortal diamond, Is immortal diamond. Caudated Sonnet by Jan Haag The French develop their own sonnet form the French Sonnet or Rondel Prime
  24. Tinker

    Miltonic Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart English Verse Miltonic Sonnet converts the traditional Petrarchan sonnet form by the use of enjambment. This 17th century form was created by English poet, John Milton. Milton also took the sonnet out of the category of "love poems" and brought it into the world of politics and social issues. The elements of the Miltonic Sonnet are: a quatorzain, enjambment is used to tighten the sonnet, leaving the 14 lines unbroken by stanzas. metered, iambic pentameter rhymed, uses the Petrarchan rhyme scheme abbaabbacdecde. pivot evolves slowly after L8. composed around the themes of moral issues and political insights. On His Blindness by John Milton When I consider how my light is spent, ere half my days, in this dark world and wide, And that one talent which is death to hide Lodged with the useless, though my soul more bent to serve therewith my Maker, and present My true account, lest he returning chide, Doth God exact day-labour, light denied? I fondly ask, but Patience, to prevent That murmur, soon replies: God doth not need Either man's works or his own gifts: who best Bear his mild yolk, they serve him best. His state Is kingly: thousands at his bidding speed And post o'er land and ocean without rest; They also serve who only stand and wait. "Simple sincerity" was the tone of th Bowlesian or Australian Sonnet
  25. Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart English Verse Bowlesian Sonnet or Australian Sonnet is attributed to English poet, William Lisle Bowles (1762 -1850) whose book of 14 sonnets published in 1789 was heralded for its "simple sincerity" and expression of thought through appreciation for life and nature. His works carried a tender tone and have been described as melodious.Although Bowles was English and probably never travelled to Australia, his sonnets did. The honesty and serenity of his poems struck a chord in what was then England's penal colony and the form was eventually adopted by the Aussies as their own. Poet's Garret tells this story better than I. The elements of the Bowlesian Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 3 quatrains and a couplet. rhymed abba cddc effe gg. metric, iambic pentameter composed with the pivot or volta between the 9th and 13th lines. On hearing the Bells at Sea by William Lisle Bowles 1789 ow sweet the tuneful bells' responsive peal! As when at opening dawn the fragrant breeze Touches the trembling sense of pale disease, So piercing to my heart their force I feel. And hark! with lessening cadence now they fall, And now along the white and level tide They fling their melancholy music wide; Bidding me many a tender thought recall Of summer days, and those delightful years When by my native streams, in life's fair prime, The mournful magic of their mingling chime First waked my wondering childhood into tears! But seeming now, when all those days are o'er, The sounds of joy once heard and heard no more. Lavender Judi Van Gorder 8-5-07 A low persistent humming draws my ear. The honey bees have found a favored source and gather sipping nectar, intercourse with flowers said to wash away one's fear. I breathe the scent and rest my mind, content to dream of sweeter times of innocence when days were clear, no worries, no pretense The grey-green leaves flare out as in consent, soft purple buds in spiral cones ascend and reach toward heaven's gate, amends assured. My journey there comes by the written word, a pilgrimage in lavender I've penned. I too am rooted to the earth that spins and know the source from where my dawn begins. Canadian Sonnet - Now here is where we get into the nuance of what is a stanza. A stanza is a thought unit in a specific number of lines surrounded by other thought units in a uniform pattern. (This could be an infinite number of combinations, such as 3 quatrains or 2 cinquains or a tercet, a couplet, a tercet, a couplet etc or as in the case of the 2 most popular sonnet forms, either a quatorzain made up of an octave followed by sestet or 3 quatrains followed by a couplet.) Remember these are thought units, however we often show the separation of these thought units with either a space on the page or with rhyme pattern such as ababcdcd which is an octave made up of 2 alternating rhymed quatrains, while abababab is simply an alternating rhymed octave and abab cdcd are 2 quatrains. Jose Rizal M Reyes of the Philippines took the Bowlesian Sonnet, changed the structure of the stanza pattern and called it the Canadian Sonnet. The elements of the Canadian Sonnet are: a quatorzain made up of 2 quatrains followed by 2 tercets metric, iambic pentameter rhymed, rhyme scheme abba cdcd eff egg pivot or volta L9 or after Today’s Best by Lawrence Eberhart The editor demands my very best with ocean’s depth and pictures for one’s mind. Let waterfalls of syllables combine while melodies of sounds they manifest. Just that and nothing less is all that’s asked. The pen is poised and pauses while I think – perhaps I scratch my beard and sip a drink, before returning, determined, to my task. Oh, hell! How often does one sit to write a piece of crap to merely fill a page? Real poets don’t do that in any age. We never set out trying to be trite. Our very best attempt are made in vain When mind’s creative cogs get clogged again. Next Wordsworth creates his own rhyme scheme for the Wordsworth Sonnet, Sonnet
×

Important Information

By using this site, you agree to our Guidelines.