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Tinker

India's Verse Forms Overview and Index

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Tinker

Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry
India's Verse forms
Indian Poetry is an immense and diverse body of literature which is often religious, metrical, and very colorful. It ranges from ancient Vedic and Sanskrit poetics to modern regional forms. It can be reverent, epic or erotic.

The earliest writings appeared in metric form. The Sanskrit word for meter is chanda. Chanda also means desire and idea and comes from the word chand, "to please". The Vedic poets called their work "measured utterances" and used "chanda" to imply their "utterances" were ideas incarnate, pleasing to God.

There are hundreds of intricate and complicated Indian meters which are very language specific. They are most often simplified in English to syllable count. To be language specific the meter would be identified as syllables of guru = heavy syllable or laghu = light syllable. The heavy-light scenario is closest described as long vowel–short vowel, however, it is further complicated by the number and placement of consonants. The New Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics explores this is some depth on page 600.

Tukaram, 17th Century Marathi Poet wrote:
There's a hole in the palace wall.
A good poem is like that !
You never know what you might see.

The Vedas
Anistubh
Brhati
gayatri
Jagati
Pankti
Tristubh
Ushnik

Sanskrit Verse
Kakuhb
Mandakranta
Sloka

Regional Forms: III.Bengali, IV. Hindi, V. Kashmiri, VI. Marathi and VII. Teluga

Bengali Region
Payar
Tripadi
Hindi Region
Doha
Piplikamadhya
Triveni
Yama
Kashmiri Region
Vakh
The Marathi Region
Abhanga
Ovi
Teluga Region
Naani

 

 


~~ © ~~ Poems by Judi Van Gorder ~~

For permission to use this work you can write to Tinker1111@icloud.com

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