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#24 Tawddgyrch cadwynog


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Welsh Verse
Features of the Welsh Meters
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Tawddgyrch cadwynog, tówdd-girch ca-dóy-nog (two rhyme chain), is the 24th codified Welsh meter, an Awdl. Since it's codification in the 14th century, this stanza form has had many modifications or elaborations. This may be the reason I found conflicting information for this form. I was able to find an ancient poem in Welsh which supports the structure I present here. I cannot translate but I can count syllables and recognize rhyme. I was unable to find a Welsh poem that supports the structure described in Lewis Turco's Book of Forms which I mention below in #5 but I am sure there is one out there somewhere.

The elements of Tawddgyrch cadwynog are:

  1. stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains. Each quatrain can become one line, or 2 lines.
  2. syllabic, of 4 syllable lines.
  3. rhymed, rhyme scheme ABBC.
  4. chained, the last word of the stanza is the first word of the next stanza.
  5. an alternative frame is that this meter can be written similar to to the rhupunt in a single line that can be flexible and include 3, 4 or 5 sections of 4 syllables each rather than be limited to only 4 sections or the quatrain as shown above.
    xxx A
    xxx B
    xxx B
    xxx C                   

    xxx A
    xxx B
    xxx B
    xxx C
    or            
    xxx A xxx B          
    xxx B xxx C
    xxx A xxx B
    xxx B xxx C
    or
    xxx A xxx B xxx B xxx C              
    xxx A xxx B xxx B xxx C

     

    Bogwl kynnenn bugeil kannau
    Briwa'r grannau bwrw'r gwyr enwoc
    Bar a brynnen bwrw beiriannau
    Bwried rannau brwydr dariannoc.
                                    Dafydd Nanmor
    This poem is also an example of the use of cymeriad.

    Welsh Inspiration by Judi Van Gorder                                 

    Penned one by one, strict stanza form,
    rhyme is the norm, strenuous fun.
    A project done, playful brainstorm,
    poems conform, feel like I won.

    Addewid actor (The actor's pledge) by DC Martinson

    Would that I might but read and act,
    This solemn pact I shall profess:
    From stage each night, in rage or tact,
    In fib or fact, the play will bless!

~~ © ~~ Poems by Judi Van Gorder ~~

For permission to use this work you can write to Tinker1111@icloud.com

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