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Found 12 results

  1. Tinker

    #13. Rhupunt

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Welsh Verse Features of the Welsh Meters Welsh Codified Divisions Rhupunt, rhée-pint is as old as Welsh poetry and is found in the earliest writings in the Black Book of Carmarthen (late 12th century). It is the 13th codified Welsh meter, an Awdl, The elements of the Rhupunt are: written in a single line with optional length. It may be written in 3, 4, or 5, four syllable phrases. The phrases are mono-rhymed, all except the last phrase. most often paired with another rhupunt to form a rhyming couplet. stanzaic, the stanza length is optional since the line can be separated by phrase into a triplet, quatrain or cinquain, depending on the number of phrases written. rhymed. The internal mono-rhyme changes from line to line or if separated, from stanza to stanza but the end syllable of the line is a linking rhyme from line to line or if separated, stanza to stanza. xxx A xxx A (xxx A) (xxx A) xxx B xxx C xxx C (xxx C) (xxx C) xxx B x x x A x x x A x x x A x x x B x x x C x x x C x x x C x x x B Easter Rathe by Judi Van Gorder At Easter light the day springs bright and all is right, night held at bay. My faith is strong, to Him belong and filled with song I rise to pray. x x x A x x x A x x x B x x x C x x x C x x x B x x x A x x x A x x x A x x x A x x x B x x x A x x x A x x x A x x x A x x xB
  2. Tinker

    #14. Cyhydedd fer

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Welsh Verse Features of the Welsh Meters Welsh Codified Divisions Cyhydedd fer cuh-hée-dedd ver (short equivalence rhyme), the 14th codified ancient Welsh Meters is a stanzaic Awdl. It is simply couplets in rhymed 8 syllable lines. It is less commonly used by the Welsh who seem to prefer 7 syllable lines. In the ancient poems, these couplets were often multiplied into long stanzas all carrying the same rhyme or employed to present a riddle dyfalu. The elements of the Cyhydedd fer are: written in any number of rhymed couplets. made up of 8 syllable lines. rhymed aa bb cc dd etc. x x x x x x x A x x x x x x x A "in many old Welsh poems, a mood is established by a description of the season of the year…." ---- Introduction to Welsh Poetry Moch dwyreawc huan haf dyfestin maws llafar adar mygyr hear hin me ytwyf eur ddetyf diofyn yn rin mi ytwyf llew rac llu lluch vyg gortin Gorwylyeis nosy n achadw fin Gorlas gwellt didrif dwfyr neud yessin; gordyar eaws awdyl gynneuin Gwylein yn gware are wely lliant. - - - the Gorhoffedd 12th century Absence by Judi Van Gorder No blue ink stains on my fingers but the yearning that still lingers. It's been too long since I've wondered too many days since I've hungered. Today I'll write a simple rhyme, get back my groove and then in time I'll dig a way inside of me to find a poem, set it free. Brick by Brick by Stephen Arndt Rome was rebuilt once brick by brick, One board by board, one stick by stick. While time is tolling nick by nick And clocks are counting tick by tick, A goal now goads me prick by prick: I weigh my word choice pick by pick, And load my lines then lick by lick, While writing rhymes pen click by click. Once taught this trade, learned trick by trick, I raise my Rome up brick by brick.
  3. Tinker

    #15 Byr a thoddaid

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Welsh Verse Features of the Welsh Meters Welsh Codified Divisions Byr a thoddaid, bir a thód-deyed (short toddaid) is the 15th codified ancient Officlal Welsh Meter, an Awdl. This stanzaic form is written in any number of quatrains made up two couplets, the cyhydedd fer and a Toddaid byr (a shortened version of Toddaid). Often a poem is made up of a series of cyhydedd fer couplets, adding the toddaid byr to the stanza which gives texture to the poem with a break in the rhythm. The order can be reversed beginning the quatrain with the toddaid byr and ending with the cyhydedd fer. The shorter line of the toddaid byr end rhymes with the main rhyme of the stanza. This form makes use of the gair cyrch in which the main rhyme appears somewhere near the end of a longer line and the end word is a secondary rhyme. The secondary rhyme is then echoed by alliteration or assonance in the first half of the next line. The elements of the Byr a thoddaid are: stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains made up of 2 couplets, syllabic, either L1-L2 8 syllables, L3 10 syllables L4 6 syllables, or the couplets are reversed L1 10 syllables, L2 6 syllables, L3-L4 8 syllables. rhymed, mono-rhymed. composed with gair cyrch. When the main rhyme of the stanza appears within the body in the last half of a 10 syllable line the syllables following the main rhyme and caesura is the gair cyrch. The last syllable of the gair cyrch is echoed in somewhere in the first half of the next line as secondary rhyme, alliteration, consonance or assonance x x x x x x x A x x x x x x x A x x x x x x x A - x b x b x x A x x x x x x x A - x b x x b x x A x x x x x x x A x x x x x x x A Thomas a Roppert rwyd par---gwersyllic Rwyf ryfyc ryuilgar Ruthr Arthur areithraw essgar Reithion gawr rwytharwr llawr llachar. ---Einion 15th century Darryl is Her Name by Judi Van Gorder She sleeps in bushes, lost her pride, scruffy Shepherd dog by her side. Day by empty day occupied - her song . . . words wrung from love denied. Vapid voices groan in her head, demons fight characters she's read, her cupboard a shopping cart, bed - a crate. Who will cry when she's dead?
  4. Tinker

    #16 Clogyrnach

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Welsh Verse Features of the Welsh Meters Welsh Codified Divisions Clogyrnach clog-ír-nach, the 16th codified Welsh meter, an Awdl, is associated with what I can only assume is the name of an ancient poet, Cynddelw and is framed with a cyhydedd fer couplet combined with a longer form. It is rarely used by today's poets. The elements of the Clogymach are: stanzaic, written in any number of quintets, combining a cyhydedd fer (a rhymed couplet of 8 syllable lines) and a tercet of two 5 syllable lines followed by one 6 syllable line of 2 equal parts, 3 syllables each. rhymed, rhyme scheme AABBA. The 1st phrase of L5 rhymes with the previous line and the 2nd phrase rhymes with cyhydedd fer couplet. flexible, L5 of the cinquain can be added to the end of L4 creating a quatrain or can be broken into 2 separate lines creating a sixain. Clog Ear Nach by DC Martinson Inside my head there is a fight That leaves me void of sleep at night: My ear infected, By cure neglected. Dejected - Till dawn's light. x x x x x x x A x x x x x x x A x x x x B x x x x B x x B x x A x x x x x x x A x x x x x x x A x x x x B x x x x B x x B x x A x x x x x x x A x x x x x x x A x x x x B x x x x B x x B x x A Youth Smooth lines with the color of peach, time invites them to dream and reach. Peer imitates, lust lures, promise baits, a world waits, ours to teach. --- Judi Van Gorder Prism Within the gemstone, facets glint like sun on snow with winter's tint, sparkling colors fuse in translucent hues mark my muse with fired flint. ---Judi Van Gorder
  5. Tinker

    #17. Cyhydedd Naw Ban

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Welsh Verse Features of the Welsh Meters Welsh Codified Divisions Cyhydedd Naw Ban, cuh-hée-dedd naw ban, is the 17th codified ancient Welsh Meter, an Awdl merter. Poems using this meter often have lengthy sequences of couplets without change of rhyme. The elements of the Cyhydedd Naw Ban are: written in any number of rhymed couplet. made up of 9 syllable lines. rhymed, aa etc. x x x x x x x x A x x x x x x x x A Wrthyt greawdyr byt bid vygobeith Wrthyf byd drugar hywar hyweith Yth arge neud gwae nyt gwael y gweith Wrth dynyon gwylon y bo goleith Wrht hynny Duw vry vrenhin pob ieith yth archaf dagnef keinllef kanlleith. Einion 15th century News Images by Judi Van Gorder They stand tall with bravado and yet, covered faces deny who we've met. Rockets, AKAs, swords, held in threat, brow of hapless hostage exudes sweat. No games played here, you will lose the bet, mistakes of the past, lead to regret.
  6. Tinker

    #18. Cyhydedd Hir

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Welsh Verse Features of the Welsh Meters Welsh Codified Divisions Cyhydedd Hir, cuh-hée-dedd heer (long cyhydedd), the 18th codified ancient Welsh Meters an Awdl, is most often written as a couplet following other metered couplets within a stanza. The elements of the Cyhydedd Hir are: written in any number of single lines made up of 19 syllables divided into 3 rhymed 5 syllable phrases and ending in a 4 syllable phrase carrying a linking rhyme to the next line. or could be written as a couplet of a 10 syllable line and a 9 syllable line. The 5th and 10th syllables of the 10 syllable line are echoed in rhyme mid line of the 9 syllable line which also carries a linking end-rhyme to be echoed in the end syllable of each succeeding couplet or stanza. or the couplet can be separated at the rhyme, into tercet or quatrain. single line x x x x A x x x x A x x x x A x x x B or as a couplet x x x x A x x x x A x x x x A x x x B or quatrains x x x x A x x x x A x x x x A x x x B x x x x C x x x x C x x x x C x x x B or tercets x x x x A x x x x A x x x x A x x x B x x x x C x x x x C x x x x C x x x B x x x x D x x x x D x x x x D x x x B One Bite by Judi Van Gorder One dark sticky date, one berry, bird bait, one rose rhubarb, late. . . one spring windfall. One grape, glassy green, one lush tangerine, one peach, velveteen. . . one summer haul. One blue broccoli, one plump pumpkin free, one fuzzy kiwi, one day of fall. One curved polished pear, one plum, pungent flare, one apple to share one snowy sprawl.
  7. Tinker

    #19. Toddaid

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Welsh Verse Features of the Welsh Meters Welsh Codified Divisions Toddaid, todd-eyed is the 19th codified Welsh meter, an Awdl, and an uneven couplet often written in combination with other meters especially the 9 syllable couplet, cyhydedd hir. The elements of the Toddaid are: stanzac, written in any number of couplets. syllabic, L1 is a 10 syllable line and L2 is a 9 syllable line. rhymed, the main rhyme aa - cc - dd etc. composed with gair cyrch following the main rhyme and caesura of L1. The gair cyrch end rhyme is echoed in the first half of L2 in secondary rhyme, assonance or consonance. sometimes written in a shortened version of 16 syllables, L1 is 10 syllables and L2 is only 6 syllables which is called a toddaid byr. toddaid couplets x x x x x x x A - x b x x x x b x x x A x x x x x x x C - x d x x x d x x x x c a toddaid byr couplet x x x x x x x A - x b x x x b x A Nit digeryd Duw, neut digarat - kyrd Neut lliw gwyrd y vyrd o veird yn rat; Neut lliaws vrwyn kwyn knawlat--- yghystud O'th attall Ruffudd gwaywrud rodyat. Einion 15th century Shere Kahn by Judi Van Gorder The young calico keeping cool - eases slow as she pleases upon the stool . Her Bengal bones live nine lives - daring dogs, chasing frogs, tiger dreams, kitten thrives.
  8. Tinker

    #20 Gwawdodyn

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Welsh Verse Features of the Welsh Meters Welsh Codified Divisions Gwawdodyn, gwow-dód-in (gwad = poem) is the 20th codified, Official Welsh Meter, an Awdl. It is a combination of a cyhydded naw ban couplet followed by either a toddaid or cyhydedd hir couplet. The elements of Gwawdodyn are: stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains made up of a Cyhydedd Naw Ban couplet followed by either a Toddaid or Cyhydedd Hir. syllabic, L1,L2,L4 are 9 syllable lines and L3 is a 10 syllable line. when written with a cyhydedd hir couplet the stanza is rhymed aaba, with L3 internal rhyme and L4 cross rhymed b. when written with a Toddaid rhymed main rhyme mono-rhymed or aabb. composed with gair cyrch following the main rhyme and caesura of L3. The gair cyrch end rhyme is echoed in the first half of L4 in secondary rhyme, assonance or consonance. with Cyhydedd Hir x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x x a x x x x b x x x x b x x x b x x x x a x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x c x x x x d x x x x d x x x x d x x x c with Toddaid x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x x a x x x x x a - x x x b x x x b x x x x a x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x c - x d x x d x x x x x c or x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x b - x c x x c x x x x x b x x x x x x x x d x x x x x x x x d x x x x x x e - x x f x x x x f x x x e House of Stone Turns to Sand Ballots stolen, voters turned away, but dead men will vote twice on the day. No new fields to plow, there is no work now, no sweat on the brow, some only stare. Mugabe builds his army of boys, in war, guns shouldered instead of toys. Pillaging white-farms without care - the fields without yields leave black cupboards bare. Sick mother has no milk for baby, a crocodile barks in the belly. Mother is dying, baby is crying no one defying, no one will dare. ~~ Judi Van Gorder (Zimbabwe is Shona for house of stone)This poem uses Cyhydedd Hir end couplets in stanza 1 & 3 and Toddaid end couplet in stanza 2. I couldn't resist creating a linking rhyme between all stanzas which required diverting L4 of each stanza from the rhyme in the cyhydedd hir couplets. Wizzards and Bards by Judi Van Gorder Summer Swelter by Judi Van Gorder
  9. Tinker

    #21 Gwawdodyn hir

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Welsh Verse Features of the Welsh Meters Welsh Codified Divisions Gwawdodyn hir, gwow-dód-in heer (gwawd means poem - hir means long), the 21st codified Welsh Meters, an Awdl, is simply an elongation of the Gwawdodyn. A toddaid or cyhydedd hir couplet preceded by 2 or more cyhydedd naw ban couplets is called long or hir. The elements of the Gwawdodyn hir are: stanzaic, the length of which is established by the number of Cyhydedd Naw Ban couplets (more than one) followed by either a Toddaid couplet or a Cyhydedd Hir couplet. ( most often written in a sixain, with 2 Cyhydedd Naw Ban couplets followed by either a Cyhydedd Hir couplet or a Toddaid.) syllabic, assuming only 2 cyhyded naw ban couplets are used followed by either the Cyhydedd Hir or the Toddaid couplets, L1,L2,L3,L4 and L6 are 9 syllable lines and L5 is a 10 syllable line. Obviously, if more cyhyded naw ban couplets are added L5 and L6 become L7 and L8 etc. when written with a cyhydedd hir couplet the stanza is: rhymed aaaaba, with L5 internal rhyme and L6 cross rhymed L5. when written with a Toddaid L1 thru L4 mono-rhymed. Or if written with more than 2 cyhyded naw ban couplets the additional couplets too would be mono-rhyme L5 composed with an addendum, a gair cyrch following the main rhyme and caesura. The gair cyrch end rhyme is echoed in the first half of L6 to consonate as secondary rhyme, assonance or consonance and end rhyme would be the main rhyme. aaaa a . . b, b a with Cyhydedd Hir x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x x a x x x x b x x x x b x x x x b x x x a x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x c x x x x d x x x x d x x x x d x x x c with Toddaid x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x x a x x x x x x x a - x b x x x x b x x x a x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x x x c x x x x x x c - x x d x x x x d x x x c with toddaid Gwann iawn wyf o glwyf er gloyn vorwyn Gwae a vaeth hiraeth brif arvaeth wrwyn Gwyr vghalonn donn defnyd vyghwyn Gwnn ar vyrr y tyrr kyn bo erwyn Am na ddawy law y lwyn - a bwyllaf A garaf attaf atteb addwyn. Einion 15th Century African Spectacle by Judi Van Gorder White-capped river, crowded forest scene, the lion's roar tumbles the ravine and cascades over boulders unseen. The Zambezi plunges to careen down infamous falls, wide wilderness sprawls, Zimbabwe calls Victoria, Queen. (with cyhydedd hir ending) African Spectacle by Judi Van Gorder White-capped river, crowded forest scene, the lion's roar tumbles the ravine and cascades over boulders unseen. The Zambezi plunges to careen down famous falls, pristine. . . Zimbabwe sprawls stretched rainbow enthralls on landscape's screen. {with toddaid ending)
  10. Tinker

    #22 Hir a thoddaid

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Welsh Verse Features of the Welsh Meters Welsh Codified Divisions Hir a thoddaid, heer-ah-thódd-eyed (long stanza with toddaid), the 22nd codified Official Welsh Meter is the most commonly written awdl meter of modern time. The National Eisteddfod, as of only a few years ago, offered an annual prize for the poem written in this meter. (It also must be in written in Welsh.) The theme is usually a memorial, a eulogy. The elements of the Hir a thoddaid are: stanzaic, written in any number of sixains made up of a mono-rhymed quatrain followed by a Toddaid couplet. syllabic, lines 1-5 are written as 10 syllable lines and L6 is a 9 syllable line. mono-rhymed, composed with an addendum, a gair cyrch following the main rhyme and caesura of L5. The gair cyrch end rhyme is echoed in the first half of L6 in secondary rhyme, assonance or consonance.x x x x x x x x x A x x x x x x x x x A x x x x x x x x x A x x x x x x x x x A x x x x x x x A - x b x x x b x x x x A In Memory John Paul II by Judi Van Gorder You came to the Church dynamic and strong, gave hope, fought injustice, with Him belong, taught us to live well and wept at our wrong, you listened to our youth, a quest lifelong. Faithful gather, bells call the throng - for prayer to heaven where the saints sing your song. Gwynnvyd gwyr y byd oed vod Agharat Gwennvuun yn gyfun ae gwiwuawr garyat Sgannllun am llud hun hoendwc barablad Gwynlliw eiry difiw difrisc ymdeithyat Gwen dan eur wiwlenn ledyf edrychyat - gwyl Yw vannwyl yn y hwyl heul gymheryat. by Einion 15 century
  11. Tinker

    #23 The Cyrch a chwta

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Welsh Verse Features of the Welsh Meters Welsh Codified Divisions Cyrch a chwta, kirch-a-chóo-tah (two rhyme a chwta), the 23rd codified ancient Welsh Meter, an Awdl is thought to be Einion Offeiriad's invention, and was rarely used. The elements of the Cyrch a chwta are: stanzaic, written in any number of octaves made of a monorhymed sixain and an Awdl gywydd couplet. heptasyllabic, 7 syllables per line. rhymed, rhyme scheme aaaaaaba with the end syllable of L7 echoed somewhere in the early part of the L8. x x x x x x A x x x x x x A x x x x x x A x x x x x x A x x x x x x A x x x x x x A x x x x x x B x x B x x x A (B can shift position slightly) Neud esgud un a/idysgo Nid cywraint ond a'i caro, Nid mydrwr ond a'i medro, Nid cynnil ond a'I pyncio, Nid pencerdd ond a'I pyncio, Nid gwallus ond a golo Natur ei iaithm nid da'r wedd; Nid rhinwedd ond ar honno. Goronwy Owen Due Tomorrow by Judi Van Gorder Headlines hang over my head, each day something new is bred, bills and taxes seem to spread, I seek fun to do instead. Daily chores become best shed, work documents read and shred. Is there no end to this toil? That's the coil, then I'd be dead.
  12. Tinker

    #24 Tawddgyrch cadwynog

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Welsh Verse Features of the Welsh Meters Welsh Codified Divisions Tawddgyrch cadwynog, tówdd-girch ca-dóy-nog (two rhyme chain), is the 24th codified Welsh meter, an Awdl. Since it's codification in the 14th century, this stanza form has had many modifications or elaborations. This may be the reason I found conflicting information for this form. I was able to find an ancient poem in Welsh which supports the structure I present here. I cannot translate but I can count syllables and recognize rhyme. I was unable to find a Welsh poem that supports the structure described in Lewis Turco's Book of Forms which I mention below in #5 but I am sure there is one out there somewhere. The elements of Tawddgyrch cadwynog are: stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains. Each quatrain can become one line, or 2 lines. syllabic, of 4 syllable lines. rhymed, rhyme scheme ABBC. chained, the last word of the stanza is the first word of the next stanza. an alternative frame is that this meter can be written similar to to the rhupunt in a single line that can be flexible and include 3, 4 or 5 sections of 4 syllables each rather than be limited to only 4 sections or the quatrain as shown above. xxx A xxx B xxx B xxx C xxx A xxx B xxx B xxx C or xxx A xxx B xxx B xxx C xxx A xxx B xxx B xxx C or xxx A xxx B xxx B xxx C xxx A xxx B xxx B xxx C Bogwl kynnenn bugeil kannau Briwa'r grannau bwrw'r gwyr enwoc Bar a brynnen bwrw beiriannau Bwried rannau brwydr dariannoc. Dafydd Nanmor This poem is also an example of the use of cymeriad. Welsh Inspiration by Judi Van Gorder Penned one by one, strict stanza form, rhyme is the norm, strenuous fun. A project done, playful brainstorm, poems conform, feel like I won. Addewid actor (The actor's pledge) by DC Martinson Would that I might but read and act, This solemn pact I shall profess: From stage each night, in rage or tact, In fib or fact, the play will bless!
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