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  1. Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart English Verse Bowlesian Sonnet or Australian Sonnet is attributed to English poet, William Lisle Bowles (1762 -1850) whose book of 14 sonnets published in 1789 was heralded for its "simple sincerity" and expression of thought through appreciation for life and nature. His works carried a tender tone and have been described as melodious.Although Bowles was English and probably never travelled to Australia, his sonnets did. The honesty and serenity of his poems struck a chord in what was then England's penal colony and the fo
  2. Tinker

    Wordsworth Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart English Verse English poet, William Wordsworth (1770-1850) is credited with being the leader of the romance movement in England. He sometimes wrote his poems in a series focused on a period of history or cultural event, often in sonnets. His Ecclesiastic Sonnets which chronicle the schism between the Catholic Church and the Church of England are typical of his endeavors. Most of his sonnets were written in the Petrarchan or Italian Sonnet form. However, there is one sonnet in which he created his own rhyme scheme,
  3. Tinker

    Redondilla Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart American Verse The Redondilla, Sonondilla, Napoleonic and the Sardine Sonnet are all the same invented sonnet form attributed to the American poet The Dread Poet Robert found at Poetry Base and a few other sites around the internet. It is named for the Redondilla because of the use of the Redondilla quatrain and I suppose it is called the Sardine because the rhyme scheme gives a packed feeling. The other names, I haven't a clue where they came from. The defining feature of this sonnet is the rhyme pattern and shortene
  4. Tinker

    Cyhydedd Fer Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart Welsh Verse Features of the Welsh Meters Welsh Codified Divisions Cyhydedd Fer Sonnet probably didn't develop until long after the ancient Welsh Meters were codified. The first "sonnet" in Sicily did appear on the literary scene about the same time the Welsh Black Book of Carmarthen was written. However, the sonnet hadn't gained popularity and possibly even identity until a couple of centuries later with Francesco Petrarch's Love Sonnets to Laura. It is entirely possible, as Poet's Garret suggests, that a 7 couplet poe
  5. Tinker

    Illini Sonnet / LuVailean Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart American Verse Invented Sonnet Forms Two invented sonnet forms were found in Pathways for a Poet by Viola Berg 1977. This book was written for teachers with contributions by teachers. The various forms were offered as learning exercises. The Illini Sonnet uses iambic tetrameter as well as pentameter to complete the quatorzain. Inventd by Nel Modglin who probably is connected to the University of Illinois in some way since "Illini" is the nickname connected to the school. The elements of the Illini Sonnet are:
  6. Tinker

    Unrhymed Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart English Verse The Unrhymed Sonnet appears as far back as 1664 when John Milton included 3 consecutive sonnets without rhyme in Book III of Paradise Lost, although W H Auden is often cited with having created the verse form in 1928 a few centuries later. The Unrhymed Sonnet is not to be confused with the Blank Verse Sonnet which is also unrhymed but written in iambic pentameter where the "Unrhymed Sonnet" is not written in an iambic pattern. The elements of the Unrhymed Sonnet are: a quatorzain, broken or unbro
  7. Tinker

    Kyrielle Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart French Verse Kyrielle Sonnet is a sonnet variation of the French stanzaic form Kyrielle. According to Poet's Garret , this verse form has been around since the Middle Ages, 15th century. Like most French verse especially the Lai family of forms, it is syllabic and has a refrain. Unlike the narrative Kyrielle, as a sonnet the piece should be a lyrical meditation. The elements of the Kyrielle Sonnet are: a 14 line poem made up of 3 quatrains and a couplet in that order. syllabic, 8 syllables per line.
  8. Tinker

    Heroic Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart English Verse The Heroic Sonnet departs from the quatorzain and stretches the verse for eighteen lines which could put into question whether or not it is a true sonnet. But, John Donne's The Token "sings" with the best of sonnets and convinced me this verse form easily qualifies. This longer sonnet form dates back to 16th century England. The elements of the Heroic Sonnet are: metric, iambic pentameter. a poem in 18 lines made up of 4 alternate rhymed quatrains and ending with a rhymed heroic couplet.
  9. Tinker

    Shadow Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart The Shadow Sonnet is a fairly recent invented form found at All Poetry.com and Shadow Poetry and was created by Amera M. Anderson. This sonnet uses homophonic word repetition at the start and finish of each line to create a shadow effect. The elements of the Shadow Sonnet are: metric, primarily iambic pentameter. It has also been described as decasyllabic which is the same length as iambic pentameter but gives a little wiggle room in placing the stressed and unstressed syllables. a quatorzain that may
  10. Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Invented Forms Vole Central is the web site of UK educator and poet, Bob Newman where knowledge, skilled writing and humor are the perfect balance to deliver inspiration and a "how to" to countless students of poetry such as myself. Certainly Newman covers the basics of verse but he also has some unique and challenging forms which are exclusively on his web site. Some of the more intriguing are now also on this page. The Balanced Sonnet is noted as not a sonnet because it doesn't use the octave-sestet sonnet pattern but then technically neither do
  11. Tinker

    Rainis Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart Latvian Verse Rainis Sonnet is a short meditation. Whether or not it is a true sonnet is up for debate. It is a lyrical meditation with a turn or volta, however it is shorter than the usual quatorzain of the sonnet. It is named for the Latvian philosopher and poet Janis Rainis (1868-1929) The elements of the Rainis Sonnet are: written in 9 lines made up of a quatrain, followed by a tercet ending with a couplet. metered, primarily iambic pentameter. rhymed, turned on only 3 rhymes. Rhyme scheme ab
  12. Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart Russian Verse Onegin Stanza and the Pushkin Sonnet are both named for and originate from Russian poet, Alexander Pushkin and his 1825 novel in verse, Eugenij Onegin. Each stanza in the book was originally meant to serve as a mini chapter. The two forms are sometimes thought to be the same but basically these are two different verse forms from the same origin, using the same physical frame but with different intent. In its original form, it is narrative. stanzaic, (written within the context of other stanzas) a
  13. Tinker

    The Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Italian Verse Sonnet Comparison Chart The Sonnet, Italian sonnetto or Occitan sonet both meaning "little song" or "little sound" is a lyrical meditation. It is a verse form of which some variation can be found in almost all Western cultures and even a few Asian cultures. The sonnet often offers a conflict or question, and then works on a solution or answer, all within fourteen lines. There are two dominant sonnet forms, the Petrarchan or Italian Sonnet and the English or Shakespearean Sonnet. The other sonnet forms seem to be either variations of
  14. Tinker

    Sonnet Comparison Chart

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Note: I include in this chart All traditional and some not so traditional sonnet forms. Most of the sonnet forms on this chart have been established, recognized forms used over centuries or at least decades. The hundreds of internet "invented sonnet forms" or "gadget sonnets" I do not include here but they can be found on posts within this forum. I chose not to include them on this chart for space and sanity's sake. I also view them more as traditional forms being tweaked to slightly change an element and the inventor assigning a name to the
  15. Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart French Verse French Sonnet, Rondel Prime, Rondel Prime Sonnet or Rondel Supreme is simply a Rondel with a second refrain added to the end of the poem. This verse form unlike most sonnets is usually syllabic. The sonnet was introduced to France in the 16th century by Clemont Marot (?-1544). The elements of the Rondel Prime or French Sonnet are: a quatorzain, an octave made up of 2 quatrains followed by a sestet. isosyllabic, the classic French sonnet is written in Alexandrine lines but this sonnet form
  16. Tinker

    Envelope Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart The Envelope Sonnet is all about the rhyme scheme, envelope rhyme being at the core. I have found a few variations which I think are relatively new invented sonnet forms. It seems the variations can't agree on just how that envelope rhyme should be placed. The envelope sonnet found at Poetry Base and in Lewis Turco's Book of Forms, appears to be a variation of the Petrarchan Sonnet. It has a slightly skewed rhyme scheme allowing 2 more rhymes than its predecessor which by the way also uses envelope rhyme. The elem
  17. Tinker

    The Double Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart The Double Sonnet from the many sources I've researched can take on at least one of three sonnet forms. The Double Sonnet can be 1 poem made up of 2 sonnets. Given this description, the poem could employ a Sicilian Sonnet and a Shakespearean Sonnet or whatever variable combination of sonnets the poet chooses. The Double Sonnet can be a poem in which the sonnet rhyme scheme is doubled. This description would mean that the poem is made up of 2 sonnets of the same variation and rhyme scheme, such as 2 Words
  18. Tinker

    Cornish Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart English Verse The Cornish Sonnet is said by an internet source to be influenced by Arab traders to the Cornish coast . This verse form appears to be a merging of Arabic meter and the sonnet. Exactly when and how this came about I have yet to pin down. Early Cornish verse is fragmented and stingy at best. The earliest literature in the Cornish language were fragments of religious plays. The language became all but extinct by the 18th century but what was preserved demonstrates some verse in octaves using 7 syllable loos
  19. Tinker

    The Alfred Dorn sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart The Alfred Dorn sonnet is a verse form created for a "Formalist" sonnet contest running since 1980. The contest rules required the applicants to create a new sonnet form. The winning sonnet form is named for the poet who created it, in this case, American poet, Alfred Dorn. The elements of the Alfred Dorn Sonnet are: the quatorzain is made up of an Italian Sestet and a Sicilian Sestet bridged by a rhymed couplet. metered, iambic pentameter. rhymed, abcabc dd aeaeae (note "a" is a linking rhyme be
  20. Tinker

    Curtal or Curtailed Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart Curtal or Curtailed Sonnet is a Petrarchan Sonnet which is proportionately ¾ in size. It is a 19th century innovation by English poet Gerard Anthony Hopkins who prefaced his publication Poems (1918) with an explanation of the verse form which he used in 3 of his sonnets. The elements of the Curtal sonnet is: 11 lines, proportionately ¾ of a Petrarchan Sonnet structure, a sixain followed by a quatrain followed by a tail or half line. metered, L1-L10 iambic pentameter , L11 is trimeter. rhymed, rhyme
  21. Tinker

    Couplet Sonnet or Clare Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Chart Sonnet Comparison Chart The Couplet Sonnet is as its name implies a sonnet made up of couplets. It is also referred to as The Clare Sonnet after John Clare, English Poet, 1793-1864. This verse form has been around for awhile and it could be a variation of the Cyhydedd Fer Sonnet or the other way around. The elements of the Couplet Sonnet are: a quatorzain is made up 7 heroic couplets. metered, iambic pentameter. rhymed aa bb cc dd ee ff gg. composed with a pivot placed at the poet's discretion. Left
  22. Tinker

    Chained Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart Chained Sonnet is any sonnet that uses the poetic device of chaining. The elements of the Chained sonnet are: the verse is written in any sonnet form. chained when the end word of the previous line is the first word of the next line. flexible, at the poet's discretion, to bring the sonnet full circle the first word of the sonnet is the last word of the sonnet.
  23. Tinker

    Blank Verse Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart Italian Verse The Blank Verse Sonnet is simply a sonnet written in Blank Verse. It has all of the features of the sonnet without rhyme. Although Blank Verse is often used in narratives, it can also adapt to the lyrical sonnet. Blank verse is a strophic sonnet in iambic pentameter. Sonnets without rhyme can be traced back to Edmund Spenser. The elements of the Blank Verse Sonnet are: metric, written iambic pentameter. In English most sonnets are written in iambic pentameter but there are some that occasionall
  24. Tinker

    Alternating Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart French Verse The Alternating Sonnet is one of the French adaptations of the sonnet. It employs alternating quatrains and tercets. Sonnet The elements of the Alternating Sonnet are: the quatorzain is made up of alternating tercets and quatrains. rhymed, rhyme scheme abba ccd abba ede or ccd abba ede abba or same envelope rhymed quatrains alternating with rhymed tercets at the poet's discretion. pivot or volta at L8, L11 or L12. Alternating Sonnet by Jan Haag
  25. Tinker

    Beymorilin Sonnet

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart American Verse Beymorlin Sonnet is called "a Shakespearean sonnet of Italian form" probably meaning it is a cross between a Shakespearean and Italian sonnet. The distinguishing feature of this sonnet is that there seems to be a double rhyme pattern occurring simultaneously. This verse form was introduced into US national recognition by Carl Morton, Alabama State Poet Laureate in the 80s. The Beymorlin sonnet appears to be the 1976 creation of the collective effort of American poets Richard Beyer, Carl Morton and Marjo
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