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Found 12 results

  1. Tinker

    #21 Gwawdodyn hir

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Welsh Verse Features of the Welsh Meters Welsh Codified Divisions Gwawdodyn hir, gwow-dód-in heer (gwawd means poem - hir means long), the 21st codified Welsh Meters, an Awdl, is simply an elongation of the Gwawdodyn. A toddaid or cyhydedd hir couplet preceded by 2 or more cyhydedd naw ban couplets is called long or hir. The elements of the Gwawdodyn hir are: stanzaic, the length of which is established by the number of Cyhydedd Naw Ban couplets (more than one) followed by either a Toddaid couplet or a Cyhydedd Hir couplet. ( most often wri
  2. Tinker

    #13. Rhupunt

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Welsh Verse Features of the Welsh Meters Welsh Codified Divisions Rhupunt, rhée-pint is as old as Welsh poetry and is found in the earliest writings in the Black Book of Carmarthen (late 12th century). It is the 13th codified Welsh meter, an Awdl, The elements of the Rhupunt are: written in a single line with optional length. It may be written in 3, 4, or 5, four syllable phrases. The phrases are mono-rhymed, all except the last phrase. most often paired with another rhupunt to form a rhyming couplet. stanzaic, the stanza length
  3. Tinker

    #14. Cyhydedd fer

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Welsh Verse Features of the Welsh Meters Welsh Codified Divisions Cyhydedd fer cuh-hée-dedd ver (short equivalence rhyme), the 14th codified ancient Welsh Meters is a stanzaic Awdl. It is simply couplets in rhymed 8 syllable lines. It is less commonly used by the Welsh who seem to prefer 7 syllable lines. In the ancient poems, these couplets were often multiplied into long stanzas all carrying the same rhyme or employed to present a riddle dyfalu. The elements of the Cyhydedd fer are: written in any number of rhymed couplets. made up of
  4. Tinker

    #15 Byr a thoddaid

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Welsh Verse Features of the Welsh Meters Welsh Codified Divisions Byr a thoddaid, bir a thód-deyed (short toddaid) is the 15th codified ancient Officlal Welsh Meter, an Awdl. This stanzaic form is written in any number of quatrains made up two couplets, the cyhydedd fer and a Toddaid byr (a shortened version of Toddaid). Often a poem is made up of a series of cyhydedd fer couplets, adding the toddaid byr to the stanza which gives texture to the poem with a break in the rhythm. The order can be reversed beginning the quatrain with the toddaid byr and end
  5. Tinker

    #16 Clogyrnach

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Welsh Verse Features of the Welsh Meters Welsh Codified Divisions Clogyrnach clog-ír-nach, the 16th codified Welsh meter, an Awdl, is associated with what I can only assume is the name of an ancient poet, Cynddelw and is framed with a cyhydedd fer couplet combined with a longer form. It is rarely used by today's poets. The elements of the Clogymach are: stanzaic, written in any number of quintets, combining a cyhydedd fer (a rhymed couplet of 8 syllable lines) and a tercet of two 5 syllable lines followed by one 6 syllable line of 2 equal part
  6. Tinker

    #17. Cyhydedd Naw Ban

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Welsh Verse Features of the Welsh Meters Welsh Codified Divisions Cyhydedd Naw Ban, cuh-hée-dedd naw ban, is the 17th codified ancient Welsh Meter, an Awdl merter. Poems using this meter often have lengthy sequences of couplets without change of rhyme. The elements of the Cyhydedd Naw Ban are: written in any number of rhymed couplet. made up of 9 syllable lines. rhymed, aa etc. x x x x x x x x A x x x x x x x x A
  7. Tinker

    #18. Cyhydedd Hir

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Welsh Verse Features of the Welsh Meters Welsh Codified Divisions Cyhydedd Hir, cuh-hée-dedd heer (long cyhydedd), the 18th codified ancient Welsh Meters an Awdl, is most often written as a couplet following other metered couplets within a stanza. The elements of the Cyhydedd Hir are: written in any number of single lines made up of 19 syllables divided into 3 rhymed 5 syllable phrases and ending in a 4 syllable phrase carrying a linking rhyme to the next line. or could be written as a couplet of a 10 syllable line and a 9 syllable line
  8. Tinker

    #19. Toddaid

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Welsh Verse Features of the Welsh Meters Welsh Codified Divisions Toddaid, todd-eyed is the 19th codified Welsh meter, an Awdl, and an uneven couplet often written in combination with other meters especially the 9 syllable couplet, cyhydedd hir. The elements of the Toddaid are: stanzac, written in any number of couplets. syllabic, L1 is a 10 syllable line and L2 is a 9 syllable line. rhymed, the main rhyme aa - cc - dd etc. composed with gair cyrch following the main rhyme and caesura of L1. The gair cyrch end rhyme is echoed i
  9. Tinker

    #20 Gwawdodyn

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Welsh Verse Features of the Welsh Meters Welsh Codified Divisions Gwawdodyn, gwow-dód-in (gwad = poem) is the 20th codified, Official Welsh Meter, an Awdl. It is a combination of a cyhydded naw ban couplet followed by either a toddaid or cyhydedd hir couplet. The elements of Gwawdodyn are: stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains made up of a Cyhydedd Naw Ban couplet followed by either a Toddaid or Cyhydedd Hir. syllabic, L1,L2,L4 are 9 syllable lines and L3 is a 10 syllable line. when written with a cyhydedd hir couplet the stanza
  10. Tinker

    #22 Hir a thoddaid

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Welsh Verse Features of the Welsh Meters Welsh Codified Divisions Hir a thoddaid, heer-ah-thódd-eyed (long stanza with toddaid), the 22nd codified Official Welsh Meter is the most commonly written awdl meter of modern time. The National Eisteddfod, as of only a few years ago, offered an annual prize for the poem written in this meter. (It also must be in written in Welsh.) The theme is usually a memorial, a eulogy. The elements of the Hir a thoddaid are: stanzaic, written in any number of sixains made up of a mono-rhymed quatrain followed by
  11. Tinker

    #23 The Cyrch a chwta

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Welsh Verse Features of the Welsh Meters Welsh Codified Divisions Cyrch a chwta, kirch-a-chóo-tah (two rhyme a chwta), the 23rd codified ancient Welsh Meter, an Awdl is thought to be Einion Offeiriad's invention, and was rarely used. The elements of the Cyrch a chwta are: stanzaic, written in any number of octaves made of a monorhymed sixain and an Awdl gywydd couplet. heptasyllabic, 7 syllables per line. rhymed, rhyme scheme aaaaaaba with the end syllable of L7 echoed somewhere in the early part of the L8. x x x
  12. Tinker

    #24 Tawddgyrch cadwynog

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Welsh Verse Features of the Welsh Meters Welsh Codified Divisions Tawddgyrch cadwynog, tówdd-girch ca-dóy-nog (two rhyme chain), is the 24th codified Welsh meter, an Awdl. Since it's codification in the 14th century, this stanza form has had many modifications or elaborations. This may be the reason I found conflicting information for this form. I was able to find an ancient poem in Welsh which supports the structure I present here. I cannot translate but I can count syllables and recognize rhyme. I was unable to find a Welsh poem that supports the struc
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