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  1. Tinker

    IV. Hindi Region: The Doha

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Indian Verse Regional Verse IV.Hindi poetry is a descendant of Sanskrit and is found primarily in the North, West and Central India. Hindi is the official language of India. The region is known for its romantic poetry. The Doha is a Hindi stanzaic form employing a rhyming couplet with long syllabic lines.The Doha is also used in Urdu verse. This form often steps away from the Hindi tradition of romantic verse and can also be written as didactic verse or used in longer narrative verse. The elements of the Doha are: stanzaic, written in an
  2. Tinker


    Explore the Craft of Writing Arabic Verse Qasida, (purpose poem) sometimes spelled kasida, is an ode that dates back to pre-Islamic Arabia and the Bedouins of the desert. It was originally sung in praise of a tribe or to denigrate an enemy. The poem is made up of a long string of complete couplets called shers and can be as long as 100 couplets. It is a multi-sectional, poly-thematic poem. Over centuries it developed into a courtly poem of praise of a patron and expanded into elegies, satire and more philosophical subjects. The form has endured to the present, although it has taken a back
  3. Tinker

    Terza Rima and Capitolo

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Italian Verse Terza Rima, "third rhyme", adapted from the Italian poets of the 13th century is a stanzaic form that employs a pattern of interlocking rhyme. Some connect the form's origins to the three-lined Ritournel, which was an early Italian form of popular poetry, but others to the Sirventes of the Provencal troubadours. It was most likely the Tuscan poets of the 13th century who tended to emulate the metrical patterns of their predecessors, the Provencals. Written in tercets of interlocking rhyme known as the Sicilian tercet, there is no limit on
  4. Tinker

    The Minute Poem

    Explore the Craft of Writing Light Verse The Minute Poem is a 60 syllable verse form, one syllable for each second in a minute. The theme should be an event that is over and done completely, as in a minute. Since the dominant line is short the effect is likely humorous, whimsical or semi-serious. It was created by Verna Lee Hinegardner, once poet laureate of Arkansas. The elements of the Minute Poem are: narrative poetry. a 12 line poem made up of 3 quatrains. syllabic, 8-4-4-4-8-4-4-4-8-4-4-4 rhymed, rhyme scheme of aabb ccdd eeff. description of a fini
  5. Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Slavic Verse Ukraine: borders Russia, Belarus, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia and the Black Sea. The history of its poetry begins with liturgical verse in the 11th century. The Mongol invasion of the 12th century all but wiped out poetic endeavors until the 16th century when the Cossaks revived poetry with the epic form. Then in the 17th and 18th centuries, publication in Ukrainian was outlawed and it wasn't until the 19th century that poets once again emerged. The Duma is a 16th century Ukrainian epic poem that is sung. The verse was performed by Coss
  6. Tinker

    Trenta Sei

    Explore the Craft of Writing American Verse Trenta-sei, (Italian = 36), is a modern day verse form that appears to have taken its cue from the Sestina and the Villanelle. "Like the Sestina it is a strong pattern not likely to get lost in the language of the poem" Miller Williams, Patterns of Poetry. To me it seems less rigid than the other two verse forms. The rotating repetition of lines from the first stanza brings a little feel of the Villanelle but the repetition is less obvious. It is important that each line of the first stanza is strong enough to lead the subsequent stanzas. It is wri
  7. Benjamin

    Mad Dog Lane

    Beyond the droning town and mocking boys with mountain bikes and aerosols. The deaf man led his placid gypsy horse. Between a rubbish tip and high-banked railway tracks. Along the frog-spawned dyke: laid green like some old fetid moat. Past world-war concrete plinths, devoid of guns; long overgrown with masks of bramble and tall grass. Oblivious of crowded trains that screamed to who knows where. They walked into the cattle arch's mouth and vanished: through a portal of sunlight, to saner pastures on the other side.
  8. dcmarti1

    Another dirty martini, please

    Another dirty martini, please “Two bottles of Boone's Farm peach wine and he called me to the couch. His head on my thigh, I stroked his hair -- what the Navy let us have! That was all we did on peach wine. “Long watches in the engine room and I called him to the bench. I stood behind him, hips to his back and my arms across his chest. That was all we did on the ship. “I saw his Florida mug shot just last night; his victims were 12 and 16. My heart stopped again, just like the very first time that I was ravished by his eyes.” May 2013
  9. I am posting this now due to the news that his remains are to be exhumed and examined to determine his cause of death; the dictator Pinochet MIGHT have had this poet silenced. (Meridian Hill is a large park in DC.) http://www.euronews.com/2013/04/08/nobel-laureate-naruda-s-remains-to-be-exhumed-in-chile/ I am shocked to learn that you are a Communist: this matters in 1992. El poeta: el, masculine; poeta, feminine; that's something. I bring you to Meridian Hill, near the statue of Jeanne d'Arc, though she might have been too young, even for you. You are a bi-lingual
  10. Tinker

    Acritic Verse

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Greek Verse Acritic Verse, Greek-"song of the frontiersmen” is the heroic or epic poetry of 10th century Byzantium. This poetic genre emerged from an almost continuous state of warfare. It was composed as first hand experiences in narratives of recitation, or in a simple, recurring, cadence that was easy to remember and pass on. It set up the beginnings of modern Greek verse. Digenes Akrites is the most famous of the Acritic songs, an epic narrative. I found this fragment with translation at Wikipedia. Below is an excerpt from the translation of t
  11. Explore the Craft of Writing Arabic Verse The Masnavi or Mathnawi is a long narrative, the ancient Middle Eastern epic form dates back to the 8th century. Although it is believed to originally be Persian, Masnavi's have been composed in Persian, Turkish, Urdu and Arabic (sometimes called the Muzdawwidj). The great poet Rumi used the stanzaic form to write 6 books containing 25000 verses which he titled Mathnawi. I am not sure if the books are named for the form or the form was named from the books, probably the latter. Apparently the Sufi Whirling Dervishes use verse from the books in pra
  12. Tinker


    Explore the Craft of Writing African Verse The Takhmis or Long-measure Verse is the 19th century Swahili version of a devotional Arabic stanzaic form of the same name. The Arabic Takhmis (to make five) dates back to the 18th century. In the Arabic form, L1-L3 of the stanza made up of 5 single hemistiches serves as a comtemporary expansion of L4-L5 which is verse written by an earlier poet, similar to the Glosa. The Swahili version appears to double up the hemistiches and most often is written by a single poet. The elements of the Arabic Takhmis are: lyrical devotion.
  13. Tinker

    Utendi or Utenzi

    Explore the Craft of Writing African Verse The Utendi or Untenzi (Swahili meaning deed or act) is a Swahili stanzaic form that I first found at Vole Central that is a Zejel without the Mudanza. The form is usually a narrative and should tell a story. Swahili epics appear in this form. The elements of the Utendi are: African Poetic Genres and Forms a narrative. stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains. syllabic, 8 syllable lines. rhymed, rhyme aaab cccb dddb etc. The b rhyme is a linking rhyme between stanzas. example from Vita Vya Wadachi Part 12:
  14. Tinker

    Romance / Romancillo

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Spanish Verse Romance Verso is one of the most popular Spanish forms from the 15th century. It is the Spanish version of the Ballad. It is a narrative written in even number lines of 8 syllables using assonant rhyme (vowel sounds are repeated regardless of the consonants before and after). These poems can be found equally written by academics, jonguelers as well as common men and touch every arena of Spanish life. The elements of Romance Verse are:: a narrative, it tells a story. stanzaic, written in even number line which could be quatrain
  15. Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Three Poetry Groups Poetry can be broken down into three main groups or directions, lyrical, narrative and dramatic. "Traditionally, the lyric expressed personal emotion, the narrative propelled characters through a plot, the dramatic presented an enactment." New Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics. Although all have their roots in music, all three were originally sung and chanted, the musical element has always been secondary to the narrative and the dramatic while lyrical poetry is often still sung. "Lyrical poetry retains most promi
  16. Tinker


    Explore the Craft of Writing Greek Verse An Idyll, from the Greek, eidyllion - "little picture" can be one of two genres of poetry. An Idyll can be a short pastoral poem, a fanciful poem describing an ideal country scene, with nymphs and shepherds frolicking in the field. The original "Idylls" date back to 300 B.C. by Greek poet, Theocritus. As a genre rather than verse or stanzaic form, the structure or frame is at the discretion of the poet. A pastoral Idyll is lyrical. Idyll by Sigfried Sassoon (English poet, 1886-1967) In the grey summer garden I shall find you
  17. Tinker


    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Italian Verse Raccontino (Italian meaning narrator or story teller) is a poetic narrative written in any number of couplets linked by a single rhyme. Found at Writer's Café. I've been unable to find a history or original example of this form. One source on line suggests this is an English form but no time frame is indicated nor other reasons given for this assumption. Because the name has Italian roots, is syllabic rather than metric (more typical of Italian poetry than English poetry) and carries a single rhyme (which is much easier in Italian than Eng
  18. Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Italian Verse The Ottavo Rima (rhyme of eight) or Sonnetto Rispetto (little song of respect) is believed to have originated in religious verse in the 13th century. It has been called the 3rd Italian Sonnet, although it is not a sonnet at all. It is traditionally a narrative epic often written in a series of octaves not the lyrical meditation contained within the quatorzain of the sonnet. This form is best suited for "blending serious, comic and satirical attitudes and mingling narrative and discursive models.... It is the accumulation of rhyme, rea
  19. Tinker


    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Epic Japanese Verse The choka (長歌 long poem) was the epic, story telling form of Japanese poetry from the 1st to the 13th century, known as the Waka period. Storytelling was rare in the Japanese language during the Waka period although it is found in the Man'yôshû and even the Kokinshú. Most often the Japanese poet would write epics in classical Chinese. Still, the occasional poet with a story to tell would tackle the choka, the earliest of which can be traced back to the 1st century. It describes a battle and is 149 lines long. Originally chok
  20. Tinker

    The Edda Measures

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry Nordic Verse Edda Measures The Edda Measures, (Edda meaning poetry or poetic tradition), are 2 books that have survived from 13th century Iceland. The first, the Elder Eddas, is an anthology of 34, 9th to 12th century Norse poems interspersed with prose primarily dealing with Norse mythology, recorded by Saxo Grammaticus. (a Christian cleric ) The second, the Younger Eddas, is attributed to the great Norse skald (poet) Snorri Sturluson , (1178-1241) Iceland. Isn't that a great name? Snorri creates a handbook or manual of "how to" write in the patte
  21. Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Sonnet Sonnet Comparison Chart Russian Verse Onegin Stanza and the Pushkin Sonnet are both named for and originate from Russian poet, Alexander Pushkin and his 1825 novel in verse, Eugenij Onegin. Each stanza in the book was originally meant to serve as a mini chapter. The two forms are sometimes thought to be the same but basically these are two different verse forms from the same origin, using the same physical frame but with different intent. In its original form, it is narrative. stanzaic, (written within the context of other stanzas) a
  22. Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Frame IV. The Quatrain In Memoriam Stanza is a stanzaic form, specifically quatrains "suitable for successive, but independent quatrains of philosophical observations neatly placed in its own envelope" NPE0PP, patterned after Tennyson's In Memorium. The elements of the In Memoriam Stanza are: narrative verse, stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains, metered, iambic tetrameter. rhymed with envelope rhyme scheme abba cddc etc. In Memorium; To Sleep and give my powers away; by Alfred Lord Tennyson(1809-1892
  23. Tinker

    The Ballad

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry English Verse The Ballad is a lyrical narrative. It tells tales in the language of the common man. Ballads can be found in most every culture and language and can be traced back to well before the 14th century. Its shape and sound are formed by oral tradition. "A signature trait is the way that the vernacular dialogue breaks into the narrative, turning it into a living, vivid theater of the speech of its time." The Making of a Poem by Strand and Boland, pg. 74. The ballad is dramatic, musical and communal. Because its rhythm seems to easily flow fr
  24. Tinker


    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Epic Poem (from Greek- epos a story, to tell a tale) is long a narrative in verse. This genre of poetry has taken many forms over the centuries however, they all have a few things in common. The epic focuses on a single hero or heroic group and the impact that such heroes have on a historical event, mythical or real and usually emerges during a period of unrest or change. It also takes a look at an event and its effect on the lives of ordinary people and how that event changes the course of a culture or nation. Because of the length and scope,
  25. Tinker

    Bref Double

    Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry French Verse The Bref Double is a quatorzain that does not claim to be a sonnet, now that is unique in itself. The variable rhyme scheme has been sited as a possible reason for its disqualification from that esteemed group, but anyone who has studied the sonnet knows there are already untold variations of rhyme schemes in verse forms claiming a spot on the sonnet roster. There does seem to be a lack of a deliberate volta or pivot in many of the poems I encountered, which could mean that the lack of a pivot is possibly the distinctive feature that s
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