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Irish Verse Form

Droighneach (dra'iy-nach) Gaelic, is Oglachas, straying from some of the stringent rules of dán direach yet adding other requirements which make the frame no less difficult. It is sometimes referred to as "the thorny" because of the degree of difficulty in writing this Gaelic Verse Form that employs cross rhyme and requires 3 syllable end words.

The elements of the Droighneach are:

  1. a loose stanzaic form usually written with any number of octaves but it could be quatrains.
  2. syllabic with each line with 9 to 13 syllables.
  3. terminated, written with 3 syllable end words.
  4. rhymed, with alternating end rhyme abab cdcd etc.
  5. composed with cross rhyme. There are at least two cross-rhymes in each couplet and alliteration in each line; usually the final word of the line alliterates with the preceding stressed word, this is always true of the last line.
  6. written with the defining features of most Celtic poems, cywddydd (harmony of sound) and dunadh (beginning and ending the poem with the same word, phrase or line.)
    (x x d) b x x x (x x a)
    x x x x a x x x (x x b)
    x x x x x b (x x a)
    x x x x a x x (x x b)
    x x x x x d x x (x x c)
    x x x c x x x x x x (x x d)
    x x d x x x x x x (x x c)
    x x x x c x (d x d)
    Incomprehensible by Judi Van Gorder

    Brutality bursts in the streets of Fallujah,
    a plethora of purposeless mutilation,
    the execution, a disgrace to Allah,
    a disgusting coup d' etat in jubilation.

    Humanity is not served by these criminals,
    victim's funerals expose the amorality.
    A pity mankind oft' acts as cannibals,
    animals display less base brutality.

~~ © ~~ Poems by Judi Van Gorder ~~

For permission to use this work you can write to Tinker1111@icloud.com

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