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#10. Cywydd deuair hirion


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Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry
Welsh Verse
Features of the Welsh Meters
Welsh Codified Divisions

Cywydd deuair hirion ców-idd dyé-ire héer-yon (long-lined couplet), the 10th codified ancient Welsh Meter, a Cywydd, alternates rhyme between rising and falling end syllables.

The elements of the Cywydd deuair hirion are:

  1. stanzaic, written in any number of couplets.
  2. made up of 7 syllable lines,
  3. rhymed, the rhyming syllables traditionally alternate between stressed and unstressed. ("flow" and "follow" might end two consecutive lines, the stressed syllable of flow rhymes with the unstressed syllable of follow). This is contrary to English wherein rhyme normally comes from the stressed syllable.
    x x x x x x A (the capital A represents a stressed rhyme.)
    x x x x x X a (the capital X represents the stressed syllable, the lower case a represents the unstressed rhyme.)


    Saith gywydd I Forfudd fain
    syth hoywgorff a saith ugain
               --- Dafydd Gwilym 14th century                    


    The wild wind and rain suppress
    the dancing leaves in darkness.
                             ---Judi Van Gorder

    Artist Eyes by Stephen Arndt

    Groups of stars, bare skeletons,
    We name as constellations
    And flesh them out to full shapes
    To fill our nightly skyscapes.
    Children watching clouds divine
    Animal shapes in outline;
    Hikers eye from heights they've won
    Forms in a rock formation;
    In leaf shadows we discern
    The makings of a pattern.

    he groups we perceive as things
    Depend upon the groupings.
    We try to connect each dot,
    Spot figures in an inkblot,
    And though we may not concur
    Or see things in like manner,
    Still, it seems that we are bent
    On finding form in content
    From children to scientists
    We all have eyes of artists.


~~ © ~~ Poems by Judi Van Gorder ~~

For permission to use this work you can write to Tinker1111@icloud.com

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